Ruler

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Each country is headed by a ruler. In EU4, rulers are influential in the running of a country, having between 0 and 6 points of administrative, diplomatic and military skill; these skills contribute directly to the nation's monthly generation of monarch power. Rulers may be either a monarch, who as an heir inherits the title from a relative in a monarchy, or an elected leader of a republic or theocracy, chosen by the AI or player at regular intervals.

Monarchy

Monarchs (rulers of countries with a monarchy government type) rule until death, and have an heir to succeed them and inherit the throne. The system is nearly identical to EU3's system of monarchs, heirs and dynasties.

Dynasty

Each monarch belongs to a dynastic house. These are generally represented as surnames in the game. Monarchs can share a dynasty with rulers of other countries, and receive a +15 bilateral bonus to relations with that country. Spreading your dynasty involves luck and good timing with throne claims and royal marriages, with throne claims requiring a royal marriage and same dynasty .

Royal marriage

For the diplomatic effects of royal marriage between countries, see Diplomacy#Royal marriage

Countries ruled by monarchs may arrange royal marriages with others. In certain circumstances, where a ruler dies without an heir, there is a chance [Specification needed] that the randomly appointed succeeding monarch may belong to a dynasty royally married to that country. This can lead to personal union and inheritance. Each royal marriage gives 0.1 legitimacy per year, but entering into a marriage with a nation with lower prestige causes an immediate drop of 1-5 legitimacy.

Heir

A monarch has an heir, who may represent a son, daughter, cousin or other relative. In cases where no heir exists, upon the death of the monarch a new nobleman takes the throne, dependent on certain factors such as legitimacy, royal marriages and dynasty determining the dynasty of the ruler.

Chance of new heir.pngHeir chance

The following modifiers increases the likelihood of a new heir appearing, where a monarchy lacks one:

Religions

National Ideas

  • Austrian Ambition +50.0%
  • Japan: Shinokosho System +25.0%
  • Ethiopia: Negusa Negast +25.0%
  • Saxony: Albertine & Ernestine Lines +25.0%
  • Assam: The Buranjis +25.0%
  • Kongo: Election of Manikongos +25.0%

Governments

Regency

In the event that your ruler dies before his heir reaches the age of 15, the country will be ruled by a regency council. While in regency, a country cannot declare war, but can still become involved indirectly in wars.

If a country is reigned by a regency with no suitable heir, a few years in to the regency a new heir will be generated, of the same dynasty as another kingdom in royal marriage with yours. Or if no royal marriages a new dynasty appears.

Republic

Election

Theocracy


Notable rulers

The following rulers have at least 5 in each stat. (Some of these rulers are actually the same person appearing several times; for example, the future Henry IV of France appears as a ruler of Bourbonnais and later of Navarre)

Country Name Date Administrative power.png Diplomatic power.png Military power.png Total Land leader fire.png Land leader shock.png (unrecognized string “leader land maneuver” for Template:Icon) Leader siege.png Total
Albania Gjergj Skanderbeg 1443.3.4 6 5 6 17 5 5 5 0 15
Bourbonnais Henri I 1562.11.18 5 5 5 15 4 4 2 0 10
Burgundy Philippe III 1419.9.11 5 5 5 15 3 3 3 1 10
England Elizabeth I 1558.11.17 6 6 5 17
England Oliver 1646.5.5 5 5 6 16 5 5 4 1 15
Ethiopia Zar'a Quastantînôs III 1434.6.2 6 5 5 16
Fez Ismâ'îl 1672.3.28 6 5 6 17
France Henri IV 1589.8.2 6 6 6 18 4 4 2 0 10
France Louis XIV 1643.5.14 5 5 6 16
Georgia Irakli II 1762.1.19 5 5 6 16 3 4 5 1 13
Hojo Ujiyasu 1541.4.15 5 5 5 15
Japan Nobunaga 1573.7.3 5 5 6 16
Japan Hideyoshi 1582.6.22 5 6 5 16
Japan Ieyasu 1603.3.24 6 5 5 16
Khmer Ang Chan I 1516.1.1 5 6 6 17
Korea Do 1418.1.1 6 5 5 16
Carnatic Chennappa 1535.1.1 5 5 5 15
Carnatic Gangama 1590.1.1 5 6 5 16
LanXang Sourigna Vongsa 1637.1.1 5 5 5 15
Manchu Hiowan Yei 1661.2.5 6 5 5 16
Milan Francesco I 1450.3.27 5 5 5 15
Malwa Mahmud I 1436.5.3 5 5 6 16
Ming Di 1402.7.13 5 6 6 17 4 4 4 0 12
Morocco Ismâ'îl 1672.3.28 6 5 6 17 3 2 3 1 9
Mori Takachika 1837.2.4 6 6 6 18
Mughal Bâbur 1494.6.6 5 5 6 16 5 5 3 1 14
Mughal Akbar I 1556.2.14 6 6 6 18 4 4 2 2 12
Navarra Enrique III 1572.6.9 5 5 5 15 4 4 2 0 10
Netherlands Maurice I van Nassau 1585.11.14 5 5 6 16 5 5 5 2 17
Funj Bâdî II 1644.1.1 5 5 5 15 3 4 3 0 10
Oda Nobunaga 1551.4.8 5 5 6 16
Oudh Muhammad Sa'adat Khan 1724.10.9 5 6 5 16
Persia Ismâ'îl I 1483.1.1 6 5 5 16 4 4 4 0 12
Persia Abbas I 1587.12.11 6 5 6 17 4 4 4 1 13
Perm Mikhail I 1451.1.1 6 5 5 16
Prussia Friedrich II der Große 1740.5.30 6 6 6 18 6 6 6 1 19
Russia Pyotr I Veliky 1682.4.28 6 6 6 18
Russia Yekaterina II Velikaya 1762.6.30 6 6 5 17
Shiba Yoshiaki 1570.1.1 6 5 5 16
Shawnee Tecumseh 1800.1.1 5 6 5 16 5 2 5 1 13
Sweden Gustav II Adolf 1611.10.30 6 6 6 18 6 5 6 1 18
Taungu Alaungpaya 1752.2.28 5 5 5 15
Timurid Empire Bâbur 1500.4.1 5 5 6 16 5 5 3 1 14
Takeda Harunobu 1541.6.1 5 5 5 15
Tokugawa Ieyasu 1575.7.9 6 5 5 16
Ottoman Empire Mehmet II Fatih 1451.2.3 5 5 6 16 6 4 5 2 17
Ottoman Empire Süleyman I Kanuni 1520.9.23 6 5 6 17 5 3 4 2 14
Tuscany Cosimo di Medici 1429.2.20 6 5 5 16
Uesugi Noriaki 1336.1.1 6 6 6 18
United States George Washington 1789.4.30 5 5 6 16
Vientiane Sourigna Vongsa 1637.1.1 5 5 5 15

See also

Realm