Difference between revisions of "Oirat"

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{{startup|Oirat|The {{flag|Mongol Empire}} of Genghis Khan is gone, its successor states reduced to infighting on the fringes of civilization. The once mighty {{flag|Yuan}} dynasty, the domain of Kublai Khan, has been entirely driven out of China and retreated back to the steppe in shame. Though {{flag|Mongolia}} still claims the Yuan Emperorship, the{{icon|mandate}}Mandate of Heaven has shifted to the {{flag|Ming}}, who seized power in the midst of a mass uprising against Mongol rule.
Today the Mongol Khan cannot even claim to rule the steppe or even to rule independently. Most of Mongolia has fallen under the sway of a new Mongol power: the Oirat Confederation led by Esen Taishi. Esen has great ambitions; refusing to pay tribute to the Ming, he is willing to fight their vast armies in a bid for dominance. If Esen were not such a brilliant military commander the Western Mongols would be unlikely to accept such brash posturing.
Khan Unebolad of the {{flag|Korchin|0}}[[Korchin|Korchin Mongols]] has carved out a respectable domain in Eastern Mongolia. He too has grand ambitions to reunite the Mongols, though his armies and abilities are more of a match for the divided Jurchens to the east than the consolidated forces of the Oirats.
The {{flag|Chagatai|0}}[[Chagatai|Chagatai Khanate]] is the most stable of the Mongol successor states, though this does not hold it to a high standard. The Chagatayids retain control over the land north of the Tian Shan mountains, as well as over the {{flag|Yarkand|0}}[[Yarkand|Yarkand Emirate]] of the Tarim Basin.
Many among the Mongols have adopted the {{icon|Vajrayana}} Vajrayana faith, the Tibetan sect of Buddhism. For the last several centuries this faith has coexisted peacefully with traditional Mongol belief in{{icon|Tengri}}Tengri, and the faith was even favored for a time under the Yuan. The Mongols must consider carefully their relations with {{flag|Tibet}} and decide on how to deal with the matter of religion.
Every Khan dreams of bringing unity to the Mongols and restoring Genghis Khan’s great Mongol Empire. Thus far all who have tried have had only short-lived success. But there is still time for a new Khan to rise to the challenge...?
Oirat is a Steppe Horde in the [[Tartary super-region|Tartary]] region of East Asia. They follow the Tengri faith.
Oirat is a Steppe Horde in the [[Tartary super-region|Tartary]] region of East Asia. They follow the Tengri faith.

Revision as of 16:15, 2 June 2020

Kingdom rankOirat
Primary culture
Oirat (Altaic)

Capital province
Kobdo (718)

Steppe NomadsGovernment steppe horde.png

State religion

Technology group
NomadicNomadic technology group
Oirat ideas
Traditions.png Traditions:
+20% Cavalry combat ability
−20% Core-creation cost

Cavalry cost.png Fearsome Warriors of Tumu

−10% Cavalry cost
+1 Land leader maneuver

Land attrition.png Life of the Steppe Warrior

−20% Land attrition

Legitimacy.png The Four Oirats

+1 Yearly legitimacy
+1 Yearly horde unity

Technology cost.png Todo Besheg Script

−5% Technology cost

Aggressive expansion impact.png Legacy of the Great Khan

−15% Aggressive expansion impact

Manpower recovery speed.png Defiance of the Dzungars

+15% Manpower recovery speed
+5% Discipline

National manpower modifier.png Glory of Conquest

+25% National manpower modifier

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+1 Land leader shock

Oirat is a Steppe Horde in the Tartary region of East Asia. They follow the Tengri faith.

Oirat in 1444 begins with Flag of Mongolia Mongolia as a vassal in the east. In the west, they are neighbored by the Flag of Uzbek Uzbek horde. To the south, they are bordered by the Flag of Chagatai Chagatai, as well as Flag of Kara Del Kara Del and Flag of Ming Ming . Some Oirat and Mongol cores are held by Ming, who will inevitably demand that Oirat become their tributary and if refused, will go to war.




Execute decision.pngReform Great Yuan

The heirs of Kublai Khan once ruled over all Chinese and Mongol lands. Let us rise to reclaim the legacy of the old Yuan and crush the weaker lineages that have attempted to claim the Empire that is our birthright!
Potential requirements

Flag of Yuan Yuan does not exist.
The country:

If the country is AI-controlled, then:

  • it can not be a custom nation.
  • it can not be a former colonial nation.
  • it must own at least 8 cities.

The country:

  • is not at war.
  • is not a subject nation other than a tributary state.
  • has a stability of at least 2.
  • owns its core provinces Xilin Gol (723), Beijing (1816), Qaraqorum (2190), and Xuanhua (2136).
  • owns or has a non-tributary subject own all provinces of Mongol, Korchin, Khalkha, and Oirat culture.

If Mandate of Heaven.png Mandate of Heaven DLC is active and there is an Emperor of China:

else if Common Sense.png Common Sense DLC is active:

  • the country must be an Empire rank empire.


  • the country must have 1000 development


If Beijing (1816):


  • Beijing (1816) leaves the HRE.
  • the emperor of the HRE:
    • loses Imperial authority.png1 imperial authority.
    • gets the opinion modifier “Removed provinces from the Empire” towards the country, worth Opinion.png−50 opinion with a yearly decay of 1.

Beijing (1816):

  • becomes the capital of the country.
  • gains Tax Base Icon.png1 base tax, Production.png1 production, and Manpower.png1 manpower.
  • is renamed to Khanbaliq.
  • has its capital renamed to Khanbaliq.

The country:

If Flag of Yuan Yuan:

Xilin Gol (723):

  • is renamed to Xanadu.
  • has its capital renamed to Xanadu.

Xuanhua (2136):

  • is renamed to Zhongdu.
  • has its capital renamed to Zhongdu.
Own core (red), own or non-tributary subject own (blue), permanent claims after formation (yellow)

Execute decision.pngRestore the Ilkhanate

As the Great Khan did long ago, we should delegate Persia to a subordinate Khan to ease the burden of ruling our vast empire.

Potential requirements

Flag of Ilkhanate Ilkhanate does not exist.
The country:


The country:


Flag of Ilkhanate Ilkhanate:

  • gets cores on Persia (region).

The country:

Flag of Ilkhanate Ilkhanate:



Oirat starts with very strong nomadic troops and a strong general, and can trigger the Tumu Crisis by capturing the Ming Emperor. There is only a limited window of time to do this however. For this reason, most players prefer to declare on Ming early, or get Ming to declare on them. Oirat starts out with very limited avenues of expansion, Uzbek and Chagatai will rival each other around 50% of the time, and one or both will always rival you to prevent you from making gains there. The two small Oirat culture states to the south are Ming's tributaries, and to the east is your vassal, Mongolia, who starts out disloyal.

Fighting Ming early

Ally the two Oirat states to the south (or Korchin + one of the small states), and accept Ming's tributary offer, but keep refusing to send tribute till Ming attacks you. This should not take long, Ming usually only askes for tribute two or three times before breaking the tributary and attacking you. Since Ming is the aggressor, all your allies will defend you. Start improving relations with Mongolia from the start as well.

Use your tribes estate to raise a host, and build one more cavalry. Due to low supply limits, try to put all your cavalry and as much infantry as you can fit into one stack, and the left over infantry into a secondary stack. Have the secondary stack allow allies to attach and try to position both so that they can both assist each other. Your goal is to capture the Ming Emperor, ideally in the first battle to trigger the event which will give you a +20% morale bonus. This method is very RNG as the emperor may hang in the rear, and it is possible that Ming will dogpile all their stacks into you while you are fighting the emperor's stack. Even though Nomadic units are very strong in the early game, you will still lose and run out of manpower before Ming does.

Do not try to siege Beijing immediately as Ming will simply dogpile all their stacks onto you and you will run out of manpower. You want to lure their stacks into your territory so you can single out the emperor stack first.

After capturing the emperor, there are two options. You can either rack up war score by taking out enemy stacks and peace out with as much money and war reparations as you can afford, or try to go for Beijing. Beijing has a level 3 capital fort so will take a long time to siege, and there is the possibility that Ming will dogpile you during the siege, and you will run out of manpower.

If you take Beijing

If you can take Beijing, an event will fire that gives you instant occupation of most of Northern China. In the peace deal, take as much money, reparations, Beijing and provinces in full states as possible. Make sure to take the provinces with mountain forts.

Raze all Ming provinces that you took for power, your war exhaustion might be very high at this point so you may want to lower it first before coring the provinces. Embrace Feudalism and spend time regaining manpower and putting down rebellions. Your provinces will not be very profitable at this point. If you have decent trade power on the Beijing node, you can move your trade capital there and steer to it.

Ming will probably go bankrupt and explode with rebellions as their mandate has dropped to 0. After you have stabilised, you can easily raid these small Chinese states for money and reparations which you will need to keep your economy going. Chinese units only start matching Nomadic units from tech level 5, but you still have better cavalry and cavalry ratios and a larger army. Whoever takes the mandate will quickly lose it as they do not control Beijing and other key states, which will make them easy targets as well.

You will need to adopt Confucianism as your syncretic faith to avoid religious intolerance issues as there are simply too many provinces with it to convert. Do not take too many provinces, try to stay within 15 states and do not rush to annex Mongolia. If you have low value 1 or 2 province states, you can unstate them to make room. Your goal at this point is to keep raiding everyone around you, you should have the biggest and best army and will win all wars easily unless you try to fight too many countries at once. You don’t need 100% war score, aim for max money, reparations and humiliate rivals for power projection. Since you are not taking provinces in these wars, you can start war after war just to get money instead of dealing with rebellions. At admin tech 5, you get your first state limit increase and may be able to annex Mongolia and look into annexing Korchin so that you can complete the Unite the Mongols mission.

If you do not take Beijing

Historically, Oirat failed to take Beijing and was forced to retreat and the game's missions assume you will unite the Mongols before taking Beijing. This might be a better plan as it will have less cultural/religious penalties, and the Chinese provinces will take a long time to become profitable, except for one major flaw : it is extremely difficult for feudalism to spread to you if you do not take Ming's provinces, as the normal spread rate requires a "friendly province", and being Ming's tributary does not count as "friendly". However, it is possible to ally an Indian state and have them share feudalism with you, but getting the AI to do this can be difficult.

Another problem with this strategy is that Ming's units will start matching yours at mil tech 5, they will have 1000+ development and can easily make you run out of manpower unless you can make them lose their mandate quickly or trigger rebellions to break their empire apart.


Back in Control icon
Form Yuan and be the only nation holding land in China.
I'll graze my horse here.. And here... icon
As a Horde, own over 200 provinces producing grain.
Pyramid of Skulls icon
As a Steppe Horde, raze a province with at least 30 development.
Turning the Tide icon
Start as a Steppe Horde in 1444 and embrace all institutions.
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