Difference between revisions of "Navy"

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====Combat ability improvements====
====Combat ability improvements====
<!-- No version template here, because the bonus tables are individually versioned. -->
<!-- No version template here, because the bonus tables are individually versioned. -->
Combat ability is a value that is multiplied with the units' damage dealt (both for casualties and morale), but only for the specified type of unit. There are no combat ability improvements for transports.
Combat ability is a value that is multiplied with the units' damage dealt (both for casualties and morale), but only for the specified type of unit.
'''Heavy ship combat ability'''
'''Heavy ship combat ability'''
{{bonus table|Heavy ship power}}
{{bonus table|heavy ship combat ability}}
'''Light ship combat ability'''
'''Light ship combat ability'''
{{bonus table|Light ship power}}
{{bonus table|light ship combat ability}}
'''Galley combat ability'''
'''Galley combat ability'''
{{bonus table|Galley power}}
{{bonus table|galley combat ability}}
'''Transport combat ability'''
{{bonus table|transport combat ability}}
===={{icon|morale of navies}} Morale improvements====
===={{icon|morale of navies}} Morale improvements====

Revision as of 01:30, 6 November 2016

This page deals with the recruitment and maintenance of navies. For naval combat mechanics see naval warfare. For details about ship types see naval units.

A navy is a country's naval (sea) forces. Primitive countries cannot have a navy unless they westernize.


The basic unit of naval forces is predictably the ship. Each ship is classed as heavy, light, galley or transport.

Ships are grouped into fleets. Each fleet can be led by an admiral or explorer. A fleet travels at the speed of its slowest ship, so mixing different types of ships in a fleet in inadvisable, unless the stronger ships act as escort for weaker ships, for example, transports.

Building a fleet

Building ships requires an owned, cored and controlled Province icon.png province with a port, Gold Icon.pngducats to pay for the costs of the ship, Time Icon.png time to build the ship and Sailors.png sailors. Each province can build one ship at a time, though multiple ships can be queued up in a single province.

The base cost and building time of a ship depends on its type, and is then adjusted by any modifiers, in particular those coming from buildings the province might have. Ships start with 50% of maximum Morale of navies.png morale when they have been built. Going over the Naval forcelimit.png naval forcelimit will result in higher maintenance cost. Ships, unlike land units, do not automatically upgrade when a new ship type has been researched. Instead, they remain the same 'class' or 'model' that they were built as. This means that to remain a relevant naval power, a nation will have to replace ships on a regular basis as diplomatic technology increases, unlocking new models.

If the Art of War.png Art of War DLC is active, all ships in a fleet can be upgraded by sending it to a controlled and owned port. This resets them to 0% condition, after which they repair as normal. The costs of upgrading is equal to the costs of building a new ship. Upgrading tends to be slightly faster than building a new ship, but the main advantage is that it's much more convenient.

Ship costs.pngShip cost

The ducat cost for ships is computed as follows:

The sailor cost of building ships is static and does not get changed by any existing modifiers.

Base cost

The base cost for building ships are:[1]

50Gold Icon.png and 200Sailors.png for a Heavy ship.png Heavy Ship
20Gold Icon.png and 050Sailors.png for a Light ship.png Light Ship
10Gold Icon.png and 100Sailors.png for a Galley.png Galley
12Gold Icon.png and 050Sailors.png for a Transport.png Transport

Ship cost modifiers

Ship cost can be affected by general and ship type-specific modifiers which are added additively.

Ship costs.png General modifiers

General modifiers reduce the ducat cost of all types of naval units. All modifiers that reduce the cost of new ships also reduce the maintenance of existing ships by a corresponding amount.

Ideas and policies:

Ship costs.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Malayan sultanate traditions
  • Manx traditions
  • Ouchi traditions
  • Maritime idea 5: Ship's Penny
  • Ajuuraan idea 1: Maritime Enterprise
  • Australian idea 5: Royal Australian Navy
  • Bremish idea 7: Foundation of Bremerhaven
  • Breton idea 5: Protect the Coastline
  • Canadian idea 7: The Forests of Canada
  • Chosokabe idea 5: Expand the Navy
  • Gutnish idea 3: Expand Visby Dockyard
  • Hamburger idea 7: Shipyards of the Elbe
  • Javan idea 6: Modernized Ship-Building techniques
  • Maratha idea 7: Expand Maratha Navy
  • Neapolitan idea 5: Expand the Arsenale
  • Norwegian idea 4: Military Shipbuilding
  • Ottoman idea 7: Found the Imperial School of Naval Engineering
  • Scottish idea 2: Modernize the Royal Scots Navy
  • Maritime-Defensive: The Fleet is our Wooden Wall
  • Ragusan idea 5: Port Gruz

Additional modifiers:

−5% for trading in Wool.png wool
−33% as settable player bonus
−33% as settable AI bonus
−10% with Parliament.png parliament and “Expand Navy” as active issue
+1% for every percentage point of inflation
Type-specific modifiers

Type specific modifiers reduce only the cost of one unit type.

Light ship cost.pngLight ship Ideas and policies:

Light ship cost.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Arakanese traditions
  • Butuan traditions
  • Malagasy traditions
  • Mogadishan traditions
  • Navarran traditions
  • Pomeranian traditions
  • Siddi traditions
  • Swahili traditions
  • Cham idea 2: A Seafaring People
  • Flemish idea 5: North Sea Shipyards
  • Gujarat Sultanate idea 4: Gujarati Merchant Diaspora
  • Hanseatic idea 3: Improved Shipbuilding
  • Novgorod idea 7: Baltic Shipyard
  • Somali idea 1: Maritime Heritage
  • Sulawesi idea 3: The Prau
  • Veronese idea 7: For Never Was There a Tale of More Woe
  • Catalan traditions
  • Galician traditions
  • Danziger idea 5: Danziger Shipyards
  • Omani idea 5: End of the Shipbuilding Guilds
  • Maritime-Plutocratic: The Protected Shipping Lanes Act
  • Pisan idea 6: Maritime's legacy
  • Sonoran idea 5: Taking What's Ours
  • Naval-Trade: Fortified Trading Posts

Additional modifiers:

−10% with Parliament.png parliament and “Issue Letters of Marque” as active issue

Galley cost.pngGalley Ideas and policies:

Galley cost.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Genoese idea 4: Build the Genoese Arsenal
  • Cypriot traditions
  • Greek traditions
  • Ionian traditions
  • Barbary Corsair idea 2: Galley Slaves
  • Kono idea 2: Integration of Cadet Branches
  • Venetian idea 1: Venetian Arsenal
  • Italian (cU) idea 3: Mare Nostrum
  • Maritime-Quantity: Streamlined Galley Production

Shipbuilding time.pngShipbuilding time

The shipbuilding time of a ship is computed as follows:

Base time

The base cost for shipbuilding a ship are:[1]

730 days for heavy ship
365 days for light ship
365 days for galley
365 days for transport

Shipbuilding time modifiers

Shipbuilding time can be affected by countrywide and provincial modifiers which are added additively.

Countrywide modifiers

These ideas and policies affect the shipbuilding time of naval units:

Shipbuilding time.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Australian traditions
  • Icelandic idea 2: Legacy of Hrafna-Floki
  • Couronian idea 4: Booming Manufacture
  • Genoese idea 7: Standardization of Designs
  • Omani idea 2: Securing Timber Supplies
  • Pisan idea 1: Restore the Pisan Navy
  • Ragusan idea 5: Port Gruz
  • Naval-Administrative: Harbor Administration

Additional modifiers:

+2% for each point of Icon war exhaustion.png war exhaustion
Provincial modifiers
+20% for Combat blockade.png blockaded provinces
+30% for fully looted provinces, scaling linearly from 0 to 100% looted
+10% for each point Local unrest.png local unrest
−1% per Production.png base production level
−25% for having a Latin shipyard.png shipyard
−50% for having a Latin grand shipyard.png grand shipyard
−10% with Parliament.png parliament and “Expand Navy” as active issue

Forcelimit and maintenance

Naval forcelimit.pngForce limit

Main article: Force limit

Each country has a naval force limit, largely dependent on the total amount of development in coastal provinces and eventual coastal centers of trade.

Ideas which grant forcelimit bonuses:

Naval force limit modifier.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Dutch traditions
  • Maritime idea 4: Grand Navy
  • Danish idea 6: Found the Copenhagen Dockyard
  • Knights Hospitaller idea 6: Scourge of the Corsairs
  • Gutnish idea 6: Gutnish Merchant Navy
  • Cypriot ambition
  • Maritime-Expansion: Naval Infrastructure
  • Moroccan traditions
  • Sulawesi traditions
  • Exploration idea 7: Global Empire
  • Alaskan idea 6: Alaskan Navy
  • Berber idea 1: Barbary Pirates
  • Candarid idea 6: Sinop Shipyard
  • Couronian idea 5: Couronian Colonization
  • Dalmatian idea 6: The Independent Arsenal
  • Estonian idea 2: Baltic Ties
  • Genoese idea 6: Setup the Office of Grand Admiral
  • Hadramhi idea 5: Sailors of the Indian Ocean
  • Hormuz idea 7: Hormuzi Naval Expansion
  • Ionian idea 5: Naval Expansion
  • Kono idea 1: Shugo of Iyo
  • Leonese idea 5: Expand the Leonese Navy
  • Orissan idea 7: Heritage of the Sadhabas
  • Pomeranian idea 7: German Navy
  • So idea 6: Port Maintenance
  • Spanish idea 3: Treasure Fleet
  • Sumatran idea 7: Rule of The Sea
  • Venetian idea 1: Venetian Arsenal
  • West Indies idea 7: Colonial Legacy
  • Breton ambition
  • Cham ambition
  • Hamburger ambition
  • Malagasy ambition
  • Tunisian ambition
  • Corsican traditions
  • Navarran traditions
  • Sardinian traditions
  • Mogadishan idea 6: Horn of Africa
  • Naxian idea 1: Maritime State
  • Ragusan idea 4: Ragusan Arsenal
  • Sligonian idea 6: Sligo's Naval Ambition
  • Al-Haasa ambition
  • Croatian traditions
  • Maritime-Defensive: The Fleet is our Wooden Wall
  • Aragonese idea 2: Protection of the Coastlines
  • Provençal idea 6: Toulon Dockyard

Naval maintenance modifier.pngMaintenance

Each ship costs ducats to upkeep every month. By class, the base ship maintenance depends on the type of ship and is proportional to the cost to build the ship along with a defined ship maintenance factor, based on ship type. This cost in turn is then multiplied by global cost modifiers to obtain the total cost per month for that specific ship.

Naval maintenance can be computed as follows:


In this case, the game truncates all digits to the right of the third digit after the decimal point. For example:

The base build costs and ship maintenance factors are given here:

Ship Class Maintenance Factor
Heavy ship.png Heavy ships 0.10
Heavy ship.png Light ships 0.02
Galley.png Galleys 0.03
Transport.png Transport 0.03
  • Being over naval force limit will multiply the maintenance cost of ships by the force limit proportion. For example, if a country has 10 ships on a force limit of 5, maintenance is doubled.
  • Practically speaking, for a homogeneous fleet, the marginal maintenance of the first ship built or captured above the naval force limit is about 2* normal. For example, being at 100% of the force limit will result in the next ship adding about 200% of its normal maintenance, with this multiplier increasing by 2x per multiple of the force limit reached.
  • Light Ships suffer the penalty to their build cost as well, which squares the effect on maintenance cost. For example, being at 150% of the force limit with all Light Ships will result in navy maintenance being 225% of normal. In this case, the marginal maintenance is about 3* the force limit proportion squared. For example, being at 150% of the force limit with all Light Ships will result in the next light ship adding about 675% of its normal maintenance.
  • Unlike land units, the tech modifier to Naval maintenance stacks multiplicatively with other modifiers. Thus, reductions to Naval Maintenance keep their strength better throughout the game than their land counterpart.
  • For a homogeneous fleet, the marginal maintenance of each ship is about twice the force limit proportion. For example, being at 150% of the force limit will result in the next ship adding about 300% of its normal maintenance.

Naval maintenance modifier.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Omani traditions
  • Luzon idea 1: Barangay State
  • Malayan sultanate idea 5: Trading Fleets
  • Mindanao idea 4: Moro Sailors
  • Venetian idea 5: Naval Conscription
  • Javan ambition
  • Genoese ambition
  • Mahri ambition
  • Danish idea 5: Reorganize the Klaedekammer
  • Rûmi idea 5: Sultan al-Bahrayn
  • Gelre traditions
  • Siddi idea 7: Expansion of the Navy
  • Provençal idea 6: Toulon Dockyard

Additionally, raising war taxes gives a -20% modifier for two years.


If the Art of War.png Art of War expansion is activated, it is possible to "mothball" a fleet, thus lowering the maintenance cost of a fleet to the minimum (50%) for the specific fleet. Ship durability and Sailors.pngsailors will decrease at 5% per month down to a minimum of 25% while the fleet is mothballed, and will be repaired back to full strength at the normal rate (10% per month by default) when returned to active service, which can be done at any time. Mothballed fleets cannot be moved and can only be combined with other mothballed fleets, though they can be split into smaller fleets as usual.


While quantity is an important factor in naval warfare, quality could be considered even more crucial. Because of the limited amount of ships that can fire at the same time in a naval battle, ships that hit harder will quickly take the upper hand in a fight

Several idea groups can be taken to progressively improve a navy's performance on the battlefield. Additionally, some nations get specific bonuses resembling the strength their navy had in actual history.

General improvements

Reoutfitting naval units: as diplomatic technology improves. New ship types are unlocked at several diplomatic technology levels. Ships will have to be rebuilt or upgraded in order for them to receive the bonuses from a newer ship type. (With the Art of War.png Art of War expansion, this cost can be offset by selling the old ships to another country.) In addition to ship types, diplomatic technology also improves naval morale at certain levels.

Combat ability improvements

Combat ability is a value that is multiplied with the units' damage dealt (both for casualties and morale), but only for the specified type of unit.

Heavy ship combat ability

Heavy ship combat ability.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Naval idea 6: Oak Forests for Ships
  • British traditions
  • Butuan idea 6: Protect the Coastlines
  • Date idea 5: Red Seal Ships
  • English idea 1: A Royal Navy
  • Spanish idea 4: A Spanish Armada
  • Alaskan ambition
  • Genevan ambition
  • Innovative-Maritime: New Naval Tactics

Light ship combat ability

Light ship combat ability.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Veronese ambition
  • Alaskan traditions
  • Cham traditions
  • Ferraran traditions
  • Icelandic idea 4: Armed Merchants
  • Moluccan idea 6: Alliance with the Papuans
  • Arakanese ambition
  • Holstein ambition
  • Maritime-Plutocratic: The Protected Shipping Lanes Act
  • Hamburger traditions
  • Pattani traditions
  • Somali idea 6: Corsairs of the Red Sea
  • Sumatran idea 3: Spice Pirates

Galley combat ability

Galley combat ability.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Naval idea 2: Improved Rams
  • Venetian ambition
  • Aragonese traditions
  • Barbary Corsair traditions
  • Cebu traditions
  • Hosokawa traditions
  • Ionian traditions
  • Tunisian traditions
  • Berber idea 7: The Brothers Barbarossa
  • Cypriot idea 6: Repel the Corsairs
  • Italian (cU) idea 3: Mare Nostrum
  • Kitabatake idea 4: Kuki Suigin
  • Knights Hospitaller idea 4: Reconquista of the Sea
  • Moroccan idea 4: Defend the Coastline
  • Kono idea 5: Rule Over the Inland Sea
  • Maritime-Quantity: Streamlined Galley Production
  • Naxian idea 1: Maritime State
  • So idea 2: Wakou Tradition

Transport combat ability

Transport combat ability.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
Since patch 1.26 no ideas and policies have the modifier “transport combat ability”.

Morale of navies.png Morale improvements

Naval morale indicates how long a fleet can keep fighting. It is increased by the following ideas: Naval morale

Morale of navies.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Alaskan traditions
  • British traditions
  • Genoese idea 2: The Lessons of Chioggia
  • Kono idea 3: Oyamazumi Shrine
  • Norwegian idea 1: Natural Seamanship
  • So idea 3: Fight for Tsushima
  • Luzon ambition
  • Quality-Maritime: The Organized Marines Act
  • Omani traditions
  • Bregenzer idea 7: The Lake Constance Navy
  • Chiba idea 7: Naval Reform
  • Corsican idea 2: The Battle of Meloria
  • Madyas idea 2: Legacy of Panai
  • Manx idea 4: Mann and the Isles
  • Ouchi idea 3: Protect Against Piracy
  • Sicilian idea 6: The Grand Navy
  • Dalmatian ambition
  • Mogadishan ambition
  • Ragusan ambition
  • Siddi ambition
  • Candarid traditions
  • Naval idea 7: Superior Seamanship
  • Quality idea 5: Naval Drill
  • Danish idea 3: Old Naval Traditions
  • Piratical idea 5: Elected Quartermasters
  • Exploration-Defensive: The Naval Secrecy Act
  • Religious-Maritime: Chaplains of the Fleet

Recover navy morale speed.png Morale recovery improvements

Naval morale recovery

Recover navy morale speed.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Humanist-Naval: The Naval Inspection Act
  • Naval-Innovative: The Nautical Education Act
  • Religious-Maritime: Chaplains of the Fleet

Admiral.png Naval leader

Fleets can be lead by either an admiral or an explorer. The only difference between the two is that the admiral usually receives higher skill values on getting rolled. Having an naval leader in a battle greatly improves the combat ability of the fleet. The skills of the naval leader can be influenced by the following ideas: Naval leader fire

Naval leader fire.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Dutch idea 4: Instructie voor de Admiraliteiten
  • Naval idea 3: Naval Cadets
  • Ferraran idea 7: The Ferraran Arsenal
  • Norman idea 7: Great Commanders
  • Tunisian idea 5: Board of Captains
  • Corsican ambition
  • Madyas ambition
  • Naval-Innovative: The Nautical Education Act

Naval leader shock

Naval leader shock.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Naval idea 1: Boarding Parties
  • Madyas idea 4: Masters of Maritime Warfare
  • Naval-Religious: Zealous Captains

Naval leader maneuver

Naval leader maneuver.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Madyas traditions
  • British idea 7: Britannia Rules the Waves
  • Mahri idea 4: Pilots of the Arabian Sea
  • Mogadishan idea 2: Somali sailors
  • Omani idea 6: Skilled Captains
  • Spanish idea 4: A Spanish Armada
  • Swahili idea 2: Monsoon Season
  • Innovative-Maritime: New Naval Tactics
  • Maritime-Offensive: Hold the Weather Gauge

Navy tradition

Main article: Military tradition#Navy tradition

Navy tradition is a value that indicates the naval experience of a nation and greatly improves a nation's ability to rule the seas. Navy tradition is gained by ideas, naval combat, exploring and protecting trade. 100 navy tradition gives the following bonuses, linearly increasing from 0 to 100:

At 100:

Recover navy morale speed.png +10% Recover navy morale speed
Morale of navies.png +25% Morale of navies
Trade steering.png +100% Trade steering
Privateer efficiency.png +25% Privateer efficiency
Blockade efficiency.png +100% Blockade efficiency
Trade faction influence +0.10 Trade faction influence
Traders influence +0.10 The traders influence
Sailor recovery speed.png +20% Sailor recovery speed
Burghers loyalty equilibrium.png +0.05% Burghers loyalty equilibrium
Vaishyas loyalty equilibrium.png +0.05% Vaishyas loyalty equilibrium

Attrition.pngSupply, attrition and repair

Supply range

The supply range is a key factor in determining where light ships can be sent to protect trade, and it determines whether ships suffer attrition or not. Base supply range is 150. It can be extended by the trade range modifiers below:

Trade range.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Ryukyuan idea 4: Maritime Commercialism
  • Swahili traditions
  • Trade idea 3: Merchant Adventures
  • Ayutthayan idea 5: Promotion of Trading links
  • Gujarati Princedom idea 7: Extend Trade Routes to Africa
  • Gujarat Sultanate idea 2: Jain Connections
  • Kono idea 6: Trade With Continental Asia
  • Malabari idea 1: Merchants of Southern India
  • Mesoamerican idea 7: Obsidian and Jade
  • Mogadishan idea 1: Indian Ocean Trade
  • Pacific Northwest idea 2: Dugout Canoes
  • South Indian idea 1: Merchants of Southern India
  • Traditions of The Hansa
  • Sumatran traditions
  • Evenk idea 2: Reindeer Herding
  • Dutch idea 2: Dutch Trading Spirit
  • Mamluk idea 1: Red Sea Trade
  • West Indies idea 4: The American Trade Hub
  • Supply range cannot be extended by flat trade range modifier. Technology, for instance, only increases the trade range by a fixed number and therefor does not influence the supply range.* A good way to arrange for a favorable supply range is by gaining fleet basing rights from a nation in the vicinity of where attrition is undesired and/or ship repairs are needed.


Navies suffer from attrition from being in the open seas or being far away from port too long. A navy does not suffer attrition if it is within naval supply range' and in a coastal zone (open sea always causes attrition). Sea zones that contain a dockable port also count as home waters and will never cause attrition, even if it is outside naval supply range.

Attrition damage is governed by the following rules:

  • Monthly attrition damage equal to the listed attrition percentage will be applied to all ships in a fleet at the beginning of each month.
  • Movement into any sea province has a 50% chance to cause any ship to take attrition damage unless they immediately engage in combat. Be aware that two fleets will only engage in combat if at least one of them is stationary.
  • Explorers leading a fleet give a chance to all ships under their command to avoid any source of attrition damage. This allows fleets led by explorers to travel much farther than normal. The chance of avoidance appears to improves with the health of each ship, and decreases with the amount of attrition damage that must be avoided. Fleets lead by explorers in coastal seas have a particularly high chance of avoiding attrition damage.
  • In El Dorado.png El Dorado, a fleet engaged in regional exploration (exploring water or coast) will not suffer any attrition, regardless of its location and time at sea. A fleet on global circumnavigation mission will have attrition as usual. However, the fleet on exploration mission will not receive any further commands until it returns to a home port.

The following factors influence naval attrition:

Naval attrition.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Berber traditions
  • Quality idea 6: Copper Bottoms
  • Venetian idea 7: Found the provveditori ai beni inculti
  • Base attrition: +1%
  • Time at sea: +1% per month, eliminated after diplomatic tech level 22 is discovered
  • Open sea: +5%
  • Naval leader's maneuver rating: -1% per point

AI navies do not take attrition damage as the AI is unable to adequately manage it. Internal game rules instead limit how far the AI can send their fleet for exploration or combat.

Global ship repair.pngShip repair

Fleets that have sustained hull damage will automatically repair up to their full strength when docked in any province. All ships in one port will be repaired simultaneously. Sailors will be used when ships get repaired.

Automatic docking for repairs

Once a fleet's average morale value has been reduced enough, a fleet will attempt automatic docking to a nearby port for repair and morale recovery. In the mission settings, a fleet's repair threshold can be set, determining how much damage a fleet can take before going to a port for repairs.

Rate of repair

Ships will automatically be repaired on the first day of each month if they are docked in port. The repair amount is 10%[2] at full naval maintenance, and will decrease linearly to 0% at minimum naval maintenance. Repair speed is affected by certain modifiers.

Countrywide modifiers
Global ship repair.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
  • Maritime idea 3: Sheltered Ports

Repair at sea

The maritime idea group finisher gives ships the ability to be repaired in coastal sea zones within supply range. The repair rate is 6% of ship hull per month, unaffected by modifiers.


  1. 1.0 1.1 See in /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua.
  2. See in /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: MONTHLY_REPAIR = 0.1