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Empire rankArabia
Primary culture
Bedouin (Arabic)

Capital province
Mecca (385)

Despotic Monarchy Government monarchy.png

State religion

Technology group
MuslimMuslim technology group
Arabian ideas

For countries in the Culture icon.png Levantine culture group.

Traditions.png Traditions:

+15% National manpower modifier
−15% Land attrition

Trade steering.png Indian Ocean Trade

+15% Trade steering

Cavalry cost.png Arabian Horses

−10% Cavalry cost
+25% Cavalry flanking ability

National unrest.png Land of the Prophet

−1 National unrest

Missionary strength.png Spreading the Prophet's Word

+1% Missionary strength

Trade power.png Bedouin Traders

+10% Global trade power

Land leader maneuver.png Clan Loyalties

+1 Land leader maneuver

Prestige.png Arabia

+1 Yearly prestige

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+1 Land leader shock
For the region, see Arabia (region).

Arabia does not exist at the beginning of the campaign, rather it is a formable country. It can be formed by any state in the Levantine culture group except ones with Turkish culture. Forming it will raise the government rank to empire, creating a cultural union of the Levantine group.


Execute decision.pngForm Arabian Nation

For hundreds of years the Arabs have been divided, but we remember when the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, organized all of us into one ummah, a community of the faithful that transcended tribal affiliation. Today we have overcome disunity and regained the oneness that triumphed in the day of the Prophet and united Arabia!

Potential requirements

Flag of Arabia Arabia does not exist.

This country:

If the country is AI-controlled, it has to be not a former colonial nation.


This country:

  • has an administrative technology of at least level 10.
  • is not a subject nation other than a tributary state.
  • is not at war.
  • owns its core provinces:
    • Alexandria (358), Cairo (361), Aleppo (377), Jerusalem (379), Damascus (382), Medina (384), Mecca (385), Aden (388), Sana'a (390), Al-Arid (392), Al-Qatif (394), Muscat (400), Nizwa (403) and Baghdad (410).


This country:

  • changes to Flag of Arabia Arabia.
  • gets Empire rank empire government rank.
  • gains permanent claims on all not owned provinces of the regions: Mashriq, Egypt except Lower Nubia and Arabia.
  • gains Prestige.png 25 prestige.
  • gets the modifier “Increased Centralization” for 20 years with the following effects:
    • Autonomy.png −0.05 Monthly autonomy change
    • National unrest.png +1 National unrest

If the country:

  • is a member of the Holy Roman Empire but not an elector or the emperor
    • then all its provinces are removed from the HRE.
Provinces in yellow are required to be owned and cored to form Arabia. Forming Arabia grants permanent claims on the Arabia (red), Egypt (blue) and Mashriq (green) regions.


Arabia can be formed from numerous nations in and around the Arabian Peninsula, including the Flag of Mamluks Mamluks, Flag of Hejaz Hejaz and Flag of Oman Oman.

The Mamluks

The Mamluks are perhaps the easiest to form Arabia with, as they have many of the required provinces and Flag of Hejaz Hejaz as a vassal, adding more of the required land to the Mamluks after diplomatic annexation. Since the Mamlukian government (Sultanate) gets increased Vassal income and the Arabian minors are generally easy to force into a vassal it is recommend to do just that, don't waste admin points in Arabian peninsula, instead vassalize the Arabian minors peacefully or forcefully and diploannex them as soon as possible. The player's next step will be taking Baghdad from Flag of Qara Qoyunlu Qara Qoyunlu since it is necessary to form Arabia, it is also recommended to take the other culturally Mashriqi lands since the player will have a permanent claim on it as Arabia and they'll want to take it before the Ottomans do. The last part, but not the least, is the Flag of Ottomans Ottomans, with this foe the player will need luck and diplomacy, it is recommended to ally Tunis and a powerful European nation that has likely rivaled the Ottomans like Flag of Poland Poland or Flag of Austria Austria in the early game and fortify the border with the Ottomans to prevent any unwanted Ottoman aggression. After forming the Arabia Empire it is recommended to expand into Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia and the horn of Africa for the rich gold, slaves, and coffee and/or also Persian area after the inevitable Timurid rebel explosion and possibly into India, in the late game if the Ottomans have become weak it is also recommended picking them off.


The strategy for Haasa and Oman are relatively similar since they can ally each other, all that needs to be done is pick which country: (Yemen, Najd, or Shammar) to attack first. However, Hormuz is a minor annoyance since they tend to ally one or all of the aforementioned nations. Its recommended to simply vassalize them. After destroying the four smaller nations, offer Oman/Haasa vassalization, then diploannex them, if the player is big enough, they will likely accept. The biggest problem with forming Arabia is The Mamluks, the massive beige monster to the north, with the ability to field nearly three times as many troops as the player, and have one or two vassals (Flag of Hejaz Hejaz is especially dangerous) to back them up. The solution is the massive teal monster to their north, The Ottomans. Ally them, and begin fabricating the necessary claims. It is suggested to fabricate all necessary as the Ottomans may offer to sell the provinces. After that wait for Admin technology 10, and start building an Arabian Empire.


This is probably the hardest possible start, as it isn't enough to defend Granada against various ambitious crusaders (among them Castile/Spain of course), the player also needs to gain the faraway Arabian lands in the east to even try claiming the title of Caliph.

Having Andalusian primary culture means Granada would need to shift culture once they have worked through North Africa and gained the required territories. This is necessary as Bedouin should become majority culture once all of Arabia is conquered. If this isn't the case then Granada expanded the Andalusian culture too much, or using Common Sense expansion developed the Iberian territories too well. This can be fixed by either also developing the Arabian desert provinces, creating vassals and giving them Granada's Iberian lands until it is possible to change primary culture and reannexing them, and unstating Iberian provinces.


The Flag of Ottomans Ottomans may seem an odd choice for the player at the start of the game. However, they can be a viable option to form Arabia. First, the player can retake cores from Flag of Candar Candar, Flag of Dulkadir Dulkadir, Flag of Karaman Karaman, and Flag of Ramazan Ramazan. Then, the player can take over Flag of Byzantium Byzantium. Note, if the decision to move the capital to Constantinople is used, the Ottomans will become an empire and cannot culture shift to another Levantine culture due to their cultural union. Hopefully, this will only take the player 15-20 years and they can now attack either the Flag of Mamluks Mamluks or Flag of Qara Qoyunlu Qara Qoyunlu. Based on who the player chooses first, they can then go for the other one. Once the player gets the required provinces from those two nations, they can attack the remainder of the nations of the Arabian Peninsula. If the Flag of Timurids Timurids have not collapsed then the player can gain one of the provinces they need, though they may have to go to war with them. Once the player has done that, its time to change their primary culture. There are two ways a player can do this, either convert the culture of Turkish provinces to their neighboring Syrian counterparts, or remove statehood from Turkish states in Anatolia to and make states of the Levantine culture of their choice. The first option has the benefit of not using admin points, but the second option doesn't take nearly as much time and won't be prevented by separatism. Once they've shifted your primary culture they will be able to form Arabia!

Post Formation

Depending on how Arabia was formed will dictate what problems it will face, if formed by an Arabian state, the next biggest problem after The Mamluks will be Qara Qoynlyu. Being a horde, they are unstable and technologically behind, however, they can field more troops and are incredibly aggressive. A solution is to use the Ottomans to help crush them. The next step is largely up to the player, Arabia can either expand east towards the Timurids and the Indian empires, west towards the North African trade nations, or south towards the Coptic African powers.


Arabian Coffee icon
Arabian Coffee
Form Arabia and be the nation producing the most coffee in the world.
Country guides

Eastern technology group Eastern.png Jerusalem.png Jerusalem
Muslim technology group Muslim.png Arabia.png Arabia Ardabil.png Ardabil Hisn Kayfa.png Hisn Kayfa Oman.png Oman
Indian technology group Indian.png Assam.png Assam Bahmanis.png Bahmanis Bengal.png Bengal Orissa.png Orissa
Chinese technology group Chinese.png Bali.png Bali Brunei.png Brunei Dai Viet.png Dai Viet Japan.png Japan Khmer.png Khmer Korea.png Korea Majapahit.png Majapahit Malaya.png Malaya Pagarruyung.png Pagarruyung Pasai.png Pasai Sunda.png Sunda
Nomadic technology group Nomadic.png Jianzhou.png Jianzhou Timurids.png Timurids Uzbek.png Uzbek

Central African technology group Central African.png Kuba.png KubaMutapa.png Mutapa
East African technology group East African.png Ethiopia.png EthiopiaMogadishu.png Mogadishu
Muslim technology group Muslim.png The Mamluks.png MamluksMorocco.png MoroccoTlemcen.png TlemcenTunis.png Tunis
West African technology group West African.png Air.png AirMali.png Mali

Western technology group Western.png United States.png United States
Mesoamerican technology group Mesoamerican.png Maya.png Maya
North American technology group North American.png Caddo.png Caddo Cherokee.png Cherokee Iroquois.png Iroquois

Andean technology group Andean.png Chachapoya.png Chachapoya Cusco.png Cusco Muisca.png Muisca
South American technology group South American.png Mapuche.png Mapuche