Republic is a form of government where power is, in contrast to a monarchy, held by a group of people. Republics have republican tradition instead of legitimacy. In some republics the ruler rules for life, but in others there is an election cycle.
- 1 Mechanics
- 2 Reform tiers
- 3 References
|Tier 1: Power Structure|
|Tier 2: Republican Virtues|
|Tier 3: Frequency of Elections|
|Tier 4: Regionalism|
|Tier 5: Separation of Power|
|Tier 6: Consolidation of Power|
|Tier 7: Guiding Principle of Administration|
|Tier 8: Electorate|
|Tier 9: Office Selection|
|Tier 10: Question of Dictatorship|
- Main article: Election events
When an election cycle ends, you get an event in which you can select the ruler:
- Re-elect the current ruler. The country loses −2.5 republican tradition per election cycle year, but the ruler gains 1 of each skill. This is to represent the fear that the ruler is becoming entrenched and despotic, more like a monarchy.
- Administrative candidate (4/1/1)
- Diplomatic candidate (1/4/1)
- Military candidate (1/1/4)
- A relative of the current ruler if a government reform allows re-electing from the ruling family. The country loses −1 republican tradition per election cycle year. This candidate is between 30 and 50 years old. With the Political Dynasties reform this candidate has −2 to their skills.
If the ruler dies in office, a similar event occurs but without the possibility for re-election. Compared to a monarchy, one has much more control over who rules, and there is no stability loss when he/she dies (except if he is killed in combat and/or if the ruler rules for life). However, a freshly elected ruler is usually not very good, and (except for Dutch Republics and Italian Signoria) one can't make royal marriages. Republican leaders can be used as military leaders like their monarch counterparts. If their leader is killed in action, the republic suffers −1 stability instead of −2.
In most republics re-electing the same ruler with less than 20 republican tradition, will enact the Presidential Dictator reform (where the ruler reigns of life) if the Res Publica expansion is enabled, or turn the country into a monarchy if the DLC is not enabled. This does not happen for revolutionary countries, Pirate Republic or republics which can't re-elect their ruler. See below for other ways how a presidential dictatorship can happen and how to turn into a monarchy afterwards.
All republics have a small bonus that helps mitigate the penalty to non-accepted culture provinces. It’s not applied to cultures belonging to the same culture group. The bonus consists of:
|+10%||Local tax modifier|
|+10%||Local manpower modifier|
|+5%||Local sailors modifier|
Republican tradition is the republican counterpart of how legitimate the ruling power is perceived by the general population. It's also a way to show how "true" the government holds up to republican ideals (i.e. if a country elects a new ruler in every election). This property ranges between 0 and 100.
New republics will start with 100 tradition, unless the nation in question was formerly a monarchy or a theocracy and changed their government type through the final reform tier, in which case it will start with 50. Each year republican tradition increases by a base of +1. Various events can make a player choose between sacrificing tradition or suffering another negative consequence. Like legitimacy, republican tradition has linearly-scaling effects based on its level:
|Reform progress growth||0||+50%||+100%|
|Burghers loyalty equilibrium||0||+2.5%||+5%|
|Vaishyas loyalty equilibrium||0||+2.5%||+5%|
|Stability cost modifier||+200%||+100%||0|
Yearly republican tradition provided by national ideas and policies:
Yearly republican tradition can be further modified by the following:
+0.2 Coptic blessing legitimize government
+0.1 Protestant aspect Legalised divorces
−0.5 Revolutionary Republic with the imperials faction in control
−0.5 government reform Protectorate Parliament
−0.5 government reform Stratocratic Administration
−1 government reform Pirate Republic unless the the buccaneers faction is in control
+1 dutch republic with the statists in power
−1 dutch republic with the orangists in power
+0.2 government reform Republicanism
+0.5 government reform Articles of Agreement
+0.25 government reform Egalité Ideals for revolutionary countries
−0.1 government reform The Feuillant System unless the revolutionaries are in power
+0.15 government reform The Two-Chamber System for revolutionary countries
−0.5 government reform Board of Admirals
−0.5 government reform President For Life for revolutionary countries
+0.5 parliament issue Election Reform
+0.5 parliament issue Reform Rotten Boroughs
+0.5 Ruler trait Righteous
+0.5 for lucky nations
+0.002 per point of power projection, to a maximum of +0.2
−0.2 from the covert action sow discontent
+0.12 Trading in chinaware bonus
many temporary and some permanent modifiers from events and mission
Low republican tradition and reverting to monarchy
- Main article: Republic events § Rise of a despot
In most republics re-electing the same ruler with less than 20 republican tradition, will enact the Presidential Dictator reform (where the ruler reigns of life) if the Res Publica expansion is enabled, or turn the country into a monarchy if the DLC is not enabled. This does not happen for revolutionary countries, Pirate Republic or republics which can't re-elect their ruler. A Revolutionary Republic and a Revolutionary State will become a Revolutionary Empire when re-electing a ruler with less than 20 republican tradition.
Republican governments (except Revolutionary countries, Pirate Republic, Dutch Republic, Protectorate Parliament, Board of Admirals and Colonial Nations) with low tradition can collapse into despotism. Below 40 , the ruler of a republic (again, with the above exceptions) may declare himself the head of a new government type, depending on whether Res Publica is active:
- Without Res Publica: the government becomes a monarchy, with a free choice among valid tier 1 reforms.
- With Res Publica: the tier 1 reform Presidential Dictatorship is enacted.
When a presidential dictator dies with republican tradition below 50, it becomes a monarchy, allowing a free choice among the valid tier 1 monarchy reforms (typically Feudal Nobility or Autocracy). Republican tradition does not normally increase during a dictatorship, but if it's above 50 when the ruler dies, the presidential dictatorship reform is removed and a new tier 1 reform can be chosen. Events and the Strengthen Government action can be used to get above 50 republican tradition during a dictatorship.
A Revolutionary State and a Pirate Republic can get the event The Stability of the [Root.GovernmentName] if the republican tradition falls below 20. This event gives them a “Committee of Public Safety” or a “Mutineer Council” respectively which act like a regency and don't allow the declaration of wars. To remove the “Committee of Public Safety” or the “Mutineer Council” the country must have at least 50 republican tradition when an election happens. Then the election happens normally and the “regency” is removed. If the republican tradition is lower, no election happens and the “regency” continues.
Falling to dictatorship is particularly dangerous for merchant republics, who will instantly lose their trade leagues.
|Type||Election Cycle||Effects||Description & notes|
In an Oligarchy the ruler is elected from a group of very influential persons at the very top of society. This ruling class is also the only group that the head of government answers directly to and it is their support the state relies upon.
The Republic functions most smoothly under the de facto jurisdiction of our most prominent political family. Any suggestion that this is barely distinguishable from a monarchy is of course nonsense.
Under the benevolent guidance of the Lord Protector, our nation is administered by a rump parliament loyal to the Commonwealth.
The Prussian Republic is ruled not by corrupt oligarchs, nor by the will of the ignorant masses, but by its most skilled and proven military commanders. The expansion and protection of our borders are the prime directives for the state..
A Plutocratic Republic is one where wealth and trade dictate the agenda. The ruler is elected from among the most influential merchant families within the state and will have to rely on their support.
The Most Serene Republic of Venice employs a complex and convoluted system for electing officials to public office. A series of secret ballots appoints 41 electors, who then each cast a vote into an urn. A single vote is extracted from the urn, and the man whose name is written on it becomes the new Doge. The system attempts to combat electoral corruption and ensure a fair vote.
Insofar as this loose collection of pirate crews can be called a state, the Pirate Republic is a haven for all manner of thieves, murderers and smugglers.
In this Republic the right to rule is hereditary within certain noble families. These families elect the ruler from within their own group and this head of government will also have to rely on their support.
In this state an appointed dictator exercises almost absolute power over the state.
A military dictator has seized power and rules the state as an autocrat. New rulers are invariably selected from among the Generals.
The revolutionary republic represents the government of the nation by a small executive with the support of an elective chamber of deputies. Revolutionary propaganda gives the armies defending the revolution strong morale and the principal that everyone is equal gives strong leadership.
The revolutionary republic represents the government of the nation by a small executive with the support of an elective chamber of deputies. This state will do its utmost to support the cause of the Revolution and spread the ideals of liberty and equality.
A governmental form where peasant communities hold the power themselves and elect rulers from among their leaders.
This is a free Imperial city that has been granted special rights and privileges by the Emperor himself.
A governmental form where the nation is governed as a republic with a heavy reliance on trade and commerce.
Trading Cities can only be created by the leader of a Trade League.
If a Trading City grows to more than one province, the government form will change to Merchant Republic.
It was a short-lived city-state government that formed in the Duchy of Milan when the Duke died without an heir in 1447.
This state is governed by a Veche, a council with the highest legislative and judicial authority consisting of Boyars, Merchants and even commoners.
The American Republic is a confederation of the Thirteen States of America, each with their own independence and governments, with a President who rules for four years after election.
Requires the American Dream DLC.
The Federal Republic is a federation of the Thirteen States of America, each with their own independence and governments, with a President who rules for four years after election.
Requires the American Dream DLC.
A provincial government set to handle the affairs of the New World colonies, led by a Governor or Viceroy.
The Dutch Republic is a confederation of seven provinces, which have their own governments and are very independent, and Generality lands, which are governed directly by the States-General, the federal government.
Available only with the Res Publica DLC enabled.
Free Cossacks are ruled by a military council presided over by a Hetman.
If not activated the points continue to gather until 150 is reached and any more is lost.
|Autonomous Swiss Cantons||4|
The Swiss Federation is not a singular nation in itself, it is a federation of independent Cantons with the common goal of maintaining their independence and economic stability.
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
While it is no Monarchy, this republic values law and order above all else and will act forcefully to ensure that the authority of the central government is respected throughout the country.
In this country a number of families have over time emerged as very willing to assume the responsibilities of state. So much so that it has become both expected of them to shoulder that responsibility, and expected of the state to offer it to their scions.
This Republic has made itself a guardian of Republican ideals, citizen power and everyone working together for the common good.
|Council of Captains|
The Pirate Republic should be governed by the will of its greatest captains. It is their alliance that holds our nation together, and so their decisions must take precedence over any other authority.
|Articles of Agreement|
The Articles of Agreement are the cornerstone of the social order on board a pirate ship. They guarantee that every crewman has an equal vote in all matters and an equal share of all plunder. Articles such as these should be established for the Republic itself, so that the liberty and equality of all pirates is secured.
A pirate enterprise cannot function without a way to sell their stolen goods. We must ensure that conditions in the Republic are favorable for smuggling operations.
Liberté is the school of thought within the Revolution that claims that any individual should have the divine right to do whatever he or she wishes that does not do harm to or restrict the liberty of others.
Those who believe in the ideals of Egalité believe that the law, whether it be a rule or a right, applies equally to all people, regardless of faith, social class, culture, and gender. Equally, all citizens should have access to all positions in our government based only on their competence.
Not everyone acknowledges the ideals of Fraternité as an ideal of the Revolution, but view it as a reactionary element within our own state who wish to return to the old government. Fraternité is a sense of brotherhood and those who follow its principles believe that the state should follow an authoritarian route where there is a proper place for all citizens assigned by the state.
Frequency of Elections
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
Long terms make rulers reckless and the very idea that someone would rule for a long time is contrary to the very idea of a republic. Let us reform our election system to ensure better accountability from our elected officials.
|Consolidation of Power|
The current terms for officials are too short to see through larger projects. This only feeds populism and leads to short-sighted policies. Let us reform our election system to allow for longer terms so that our elected officials have the power they need to conduct their office.
Unfortunately votes can be bought and old loyalties may cloud the judgment among some electors. Let us implement a system where a semi-random person can be chosen from a pool of good candidate for important offices.
|Consolidate Power in the Doge|
For years, our Republic has had its power base divided between the Doge, the Council of Ten, the citizens, and countless other legislative bodies. Each are subject to each other, but the Doge sits at the top of the hierarchy. Our loose government system has been useful thus far in advancing our trade efforts, but as our nation expands across the world, its become clear that we must grant the Doge executive powers across all branches of the government if we are to eliminate corruption in our administration.
|Disperse Power Across the Cities|
Our government is a strange mix between a Republic, an Oligarchy, and a Monarchy. Trade and commerce are our primary concern and we’re not interested in building a global empire, only making an empire of trade. If we shatter powers in our nation and grant greater control to the Trade Cities, we shall make our trade league much more inviting for the smaller powers who only desire the freedom and economic stability that we can provide.
With the collapse of the old government, we have an opportunity to reconstruct a new legislative government which treats all people, regardless of social class, as equals. This government shall be absolutely committed to the ideals of the Revolution, and will not suffer those who wish to subjugate us back into the old regime.
The Constituent Assembly was a rough outline of democracy provided by the old government that governed the people in three distinct constituents. By building and expanding upon the old government rather than overhauling it with the new, we may prove to the reactionary governments on our border that we are still a civilized nation and a force for good in this changing world.
|Permanent Marathas Council|
Maratha generals and civic leaders are an important part of the balance of power in our nation. We should formalize their assemblies and establish a permanent council of the Marathas to guide our nation.
|Governmental Purbias Register|
The state is taking measures to attract elite Rajput warriors from all over India. Steps should be taken to organize these warriors into cohesive regiments upon arrival so that they can be deployed more effectively.
|Council of the Indies|
Our vast colonial territories must have a central administration that reports directly to the Crown. Though individual Viceroys will govern their respective territories, the Council will be the supreme colonial authority, and its courts will extend our law to the farthest reaches of the New World.
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
In order for our administration to be efficient we must allow provincial governments the freedom they need to perform their functions. Local elections will ensure that trustworthy individuals can be appointed who would then answer to the central government.
Let us divide the state into geographic regions ruled and administered by officials appointed by our central government.
|Union of States|
Rather than one unified state our country has grown from a large number of states integrated into one confederacy. As our administration grows and evolves we must not infringe on the rights of the member states, doing so would trample on the very principles of our existence.
|Exile Colonial Companies|
The New World is a place of great opportunity, and for us it is an opportunity to establish Exile Colonies and rid our nation of convicts and minorities. By allowing colonial companies to claim sovereignty over our undesirables, we will create harmony in the Old World and expand our influence in the New World.
Separation of Power
|Type||Effects||Description & notes
It is time we separate the head of government from the head of state and give the legislative assemblies of the land a larger share in the day to day rule of our state.
The Chairman or President of our governing body must be elected separately from the legislative branch of government. The president can then appoint or dismiss members of the government.
Every great empire stands in opposition to us. To stand any chance of survival we must rally behind our own Pirate King, and the King's word will be law.
|War Against the World Doctrine|
The tyrants of the world must be unseated! We can no longer tolerate kings and despots making slaves of our fellow man. And so we shall adopt a new doctrine: war against the world!
|Black Market Consortium|
The pirates that run amok in the Republic cannot be trusted to bathe themselves, let alone to govern a nation whose future hands on the edge of a cutlass. A Consortium formed of the most influential black market merchants shall be established as its true governors. Profit must come before liberty.
The city cannot maintain its independence without the support of the Emperor and our other allies. We shall focus our energies on strengthening our diplomatic ties and ensuring that, whenever we have need of them, our friends will be there to help us defend the city.
Only by relying on the military capabilities of our city can we ensure our survival. We shall allocate more political power to the captains of the City Watch and ensure that they have all they need to provide for our defense.
|The Feuillant System|
There are many citizens and politicians in the Republic who wish to return to the tyranny of an absolute monarchy. However, the Feuillant political group believe in a compromise; that powers in the nation should be split between an Emperor and a President, similar to a constitutional monarchy. By riding the delicate balance between Empire and Republic, we may actually please both the Imperialists and Republicans within our nation.
|The Two-Chamber System|
For a long time, the Canton system maintained the peace, stability, and independence of small democratic leagues like the Swiss and Swabian Federations. By similarly dividing our legislature into a Grand Council representing the Cantons, and the Senate representing the republic as a whole, we may protect the interests of the individual cities and cultural identities within our nation while still placing the values of the Revolution above all else!
Consolidation of Power
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
|Broaden Executive Powers|
As the country grows so does the need to be able to act swiftly and efficiently. The only way to ensure this is by broadening the powers of the executive branch so that it has the tools it needs.
|Devolution of Powers|
No single person can rule a country as big and complex as ours. Collecting such powers in the hand of one ruler is also contrary to the Republican ideals of our ancestors. Decentralization and Devolution is how we can best remain able to dynamically meet the needs of an ever-growing state.
|Absolute Power of the President|
While we have members of our nation elected to represent the people of their constituency, we must never forget that it is the President who has been elected to represent all people. The role of the elected representatives within the Revolution should be merely to advise the President who wields absolute power over the Republic.
|A Revolutionary Council|
It’s become clear that the cult of personality surrounding our ruler is rapidly returning us to the old ways of government. We cannot allow this to happen, so by concentrating power into a council of elected individuals to represent the values of the Revolution, we strip power away from the individual at our state’s head and create another shield against the horror of absolute rulership.
Guiding Principle of Administration
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
As a Republic the guiding principles of our state must be those that further the efficiency of the political apparatus and the political ideals.
One of the primary functions of the state is to uphold good and moral values. As our Republic in many ways relies on the good and virtuous behavior of its citizens corruption and sinful behavior must be counteracted and rooted out for the good of the entire country.
The purpose of our state is quite simple; to spread the Revolution. We must centralise our state around the idea that it is only be liberating all people of the world into Revolutionary states that we may create an everlasting state of peace and equality in the world.
Although our state holds Egalité as one of its core values, it is clear that we have completely failed in our goal to treat all our people with fairness and equality. The core principle of our nation must be to eliminate the barriers of gender, culture, and social class and ensure that it is known that all people are created equal and a good start to that would be to ensure that religion remains a private matter and does not dictate one’s rights within the state.
The Revolution has made it clear that our nation, above all others, wields the divine right to hold Imperial Hegemony over all other nations. The states around us are fragile and weak, and it is clear that only by directly controlling these states ourselves will we ensure that the values of the Revolution are enforced on the people.
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
The landholders are at the heart of power in any society and our state is no exception. Let us extend the power to vote to all those that have land and grade their number of votes in accordance with the size of their properties.
A Republic relies on its citizens to function and so it is only right that each citizen in our state will have the power to vote for who will guide our country. Attaining the privilege of being a citizen will also be a spur for all those under our rule to strive for good conduct.
|Board of Admirals|
Our nation lives and dies on our ability to project power on the sea. To that end we have handed over the reins of government to the Board of Admirals, whose members are experienced and patriotic beyond reproach.
We must dissolve all barriers that separate our people and extend the right to hold a political office to all people. Gender, religion, social class, culture, all are irrelevant to one’s capability to hold a political office and so we must strive to maintain equality of opportunity within our government.
|Three Social Classes|
In the days before the birth of the Revolution, the old government attempted to sway the people away from taking arms by allowing three social classes representation within the government; the clergy, the peasants, and the upper class. Perhaps we could emulate this system by organizing our people into an upper, middle, and lower class based on their economic status and creating three distinct political entities within our government to represent their interests.
Our nation values comradery above all else, and nobody exemplifies the value of being a comrade like our boys fighting on the fields of battle. These are the men who’ve seen the horrors of war and fought alongside their countrymen to preserve and advance the Revolution, and these men should be the ones to rule us. We must alter the requirements to hold an office in our government so that only those who have served in our military are eligible to represent the people within the government.
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
|Appointment by Committee|
Let us abandon arbitrary appointments to governmental offices. Committees shall be established to decide on the best candidate for a given role to ensure that administrative competence is the norm in our realm.
The bureaucracy is expanding to meet the needs of the expanding bureaucracy.
Let us open up the availability of important offices to more of those living within our borders so that we have a wider and more representative selection of civil servants.
Question of Dictatorship
|Type||Effects||Description & notes|
|Seize Executive Power|
Republicanism has served us well but it is time we empower a strong ruler to take our state into a new era.
|Proclaim Divine Guidance|
Divine guidance and not popular support must be the governing rule in our state. Let us appoint someone who will truly care for the moral well-being of our subjects.
|Strengthen Executive Powers|
Especially in a Republic the authority and strength of the state is of the utmost importance. We must strengthen central power and ensure that each and every decision made in our capital reaches every corner of our country.
|Reinforce Republican Values|
Safeguarding the Republican values upon which this country has been built is the only way to ensure a successful evolution of our state.
|Lower the Black Flag|
The time has come to end our lives of piracy and settle down to establish a more stable Republic.
|President For Life|
Though many Revolutionary politicians are supporting the idea of a Revolutionary Empire with a hereditary ruler at its head, others are fiercely resisting this idea and claiming that it betrays the very ideals of the Revolution itself. The President is sovereign, and none may supersede the authority of the Presidency. By electing our Presidents to rule for life, we will both secure the absolute leadership the Imperialists demand without completely abandoning the ideals of the Republic.
|Government for the People|
Egalité, Fraternité, Liberté. All three virtues of the Republic point to one thing; that the Republic exists to serve its people, and for no other reason. We will never surrender to the Imperialists, and the President shall always serve his term with the singular focus of protecting the freedom and equality of our people.
|A Revolutionary Empire||
Even in a Republic fueled by the fires of Revolution, it’s becoming clear that political dynasties are being established in our nation. Our President wishes to crown himself Emperor and continue to spread the ideals of the Revolution, with the Emperorship claiming sovereignty over all people.