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Trade nodes

(Redirected from Trade node)
See also: Trade

Trade nodes are 77 static "locations" on the map where trade can be conducted utilizing merchants. The province containing a trade node must be discovered before merchants can be sent there, but trade nodes are not otherwise tied to specific provinces. Instead, nodes are tied to a collective of provinces, each contributing its trade value to determine the overall local wealth generated for the node. The node value can be modified by improving base production wealth, trade goods price changes, constructing manufactories or steering trade to and from the node.

As a general rule, controlling more territory in a node helps in gaining high trade power within that node, although this could also be achieved by controlling only provinces with trade modifiers (i.e. Estuary.png estuary or Province trade power value.png center of trade). Other means of increasing trade power involve sending Merchants.png merchants or a fleet of Lightship.png light ships to the node. Picking certain idea groups or opportunities to increase Mercantilism.png mercantilism will improve the effectiveness of taking land for its trade power.

Trade nodes with arrows showing flow of trade

Contents

Trade policiesEdit

A nation can set a trade policy in any node where they have a merchant present. There is no cost to setting this policy and it can be changed every 12 months. Policies available to all nations are:

Trade policy Effects
 
Maximize Profit
Your Merchant will tirelessly work to maximize profit in this Node.
 +5% Trade power (Default policy).
 
Hostile Trading
Your Merchant will gather intelligence from countries active in the same Node.
 +25% Spy network construction with all other nations with their home node or a merchant located there.
 
Improve Inland Routes
Your Merchant will gather knowledge of the terrain in this node which will benefit your armies.
 +10% Siege ability and   +1 Artillery bonus versus forts for all provinces in the node (Only possible with more than 50% share of the trade power in the node).
 
Establish Communities
Your Merchant will strive to improve relations with other countries active in the Node.
 +15% Improve relations with all other nations with their home node or a merchant located there.
 
Propagate Religion
Your pious Merchant will work towards spreading the One True Faith in this Node.
A religious centre will be established in the node, automatically spreading the religion of the merchant's nation through the node. Can only be activated when the trade node is in a trade company region, and with a 50% or more share of the trade power in said node.


Centers of TradeEdit

Centers of Trade are those provinces within trade nodes that have a larger impact on the flow of goods and money than their development alone would warrant. They come in two types, inland and coastal, and each has three levels, with bonuses dependent on the level they've been upgraded to. Which provinces contain centers of trade is visible on the trade map mode and are designated with a small box containing a merchant's awning stall and an appropriate roman numeral I, II, or III. Centers of trade are also visible on the building interface of the individual provinces where it takes up the two lower rightmost building slots. Centers of trade do not themselves take up building slots.

Coastal:

  • Staple Port:   +5 local trade power
  • Entrepot:   +10 local trade power,   −5% local development cost and   +10% institution spread
  • World Port: for the province   +25 local trade power,   +30% institution spread; and for the area:   −10% local development cost,   +100% local sailors modifier,   +1 possible number of buildings; global:   −0.2 yearly navy tradition decay;

Inland:

  • Emporium:   +5 local trade power
  • Market Town:   +10 local trade power,   −5% local development cost
  • World Trade Center: for the province   +25 local trade power,   +30% institution spread; and for the area:   −10% local development cost,   +33% local manpower modifier,   +1 possible number of buildings;

Only centers of trade that are in fully cored provinces within states (not territories) or trade company provinces may be upgraded, at a cost of  200 for level 2, and  1000 for level three. Centers may be voluntarily downgraded or will be automatically downgraded when the province changes hands, regardless of how the transfer comes about. A nation must be at peace to upgrade a center of trade. A nation may only have as many level 3 trade centers (World Port, and World Trade Center) as they have merchants.

NodesEdit

Note:The table below mentions Inland sea even though trade-wise they are not different from other sea-nodes. This is done to mark nodes in which   galleys (or transports) can also be used for pirate hunting missions - though, while in mission, these fleets may occasionally arrive at non-inland sea provinces.

Trade node Type Continent Total
provinces
Incoming Outgoing Key
provinces
     Aleppo Inland sea Asia 32
  •  Adana (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Dimashq (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Diyarbakir (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Halab (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Tarabulus al-Sham (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Alexandria Inland sea Africa 48
  •  Bangazi (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cairo (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Dumyat (The Nile Estuary)
  •  Iskandaria (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Jeddah (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •    Rashid (The Nile Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
     Amazonas South America 33
  •  Manaus (Inland Center of Trade)
     Astrakhan   Inland Europe 29
  •  Astrakhan (Volga Estuary)
  •  Sarai (Inland Center of Trade)
     Australia Oceania 40
  •  Eora (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Baltic Sea Inland sea Europe 45
  •  Dalaskogen (Stora Kopparberget)
  •   Danzig (Vistula Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Gotland (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Konigsberg (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Memel (Neman Estuary)
  •   Riga (Daugava Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Stockholm (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Basra Inland sea Asia 38
  •  Baghdad (Inland Center of Trade)
  •   Basrah (Euphrates Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Jabal Shammar (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Qatif (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Beijing Inland sea Asia 28
  •  Beijing (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Laizhou (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Bengal Asia 52
  •   Bengal Delta (Ganges Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Chittagong (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cuttack (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Dagon (Irrawaddy Estuary)
  •   Dhaka (Ganges Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Gauda (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Mrauk U (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pataliputra (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Pathein (Irrawaddy Estuary)
  •  Pegu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Sambalpur (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Satgaon (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tirhut (Inland Center of Trade)
     Bordeaux Europe 21
  •   Aquitaine (Gironde Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Bas-Poitou (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Finistere (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Nantes (Loire Estuary)
     Brazil South America 43
  •  Bahia (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Ceara (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pernambuco (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Rio de Janeiro (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Burma   Inland Asia 35
  •  Ava (Inland Center of Trade)
     California North America 57
  •  Chinook (Columbia Estuary)
  •  Miwok (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Canton Inland sea Asia 33
  •   Canton (Pearl Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Dong Kinh (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Hai Phong (Red River Estuary)
  •  Macau (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Wuling (Inland Center of Trade)
     Cape of Good Hope Africa 14
  •  Cape (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Caribbean North America 44
  •  Barahonas (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Boriken (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Curacao (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Havana (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Jamaica (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Les Cayes (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Coromandel Asia 54
  •  Bellary (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Calicut (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cannanore (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cuddalore (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Goa (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Kalingandhra (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Konaseema (Godavari Estuary)
  •  Kotte (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Madurai (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  North Kanara (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tanjore (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tondainadu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Trincomale (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •   Velanadu (Krishna Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
     Champagne   Inland Europe 28
  •  Bern (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Dijonnais (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Reims (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Trois Eveches (Inland Center of Trade)
     Chengdu   Inland Asia 20
  •  Chengdu (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Chongqing (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Dege (Inland Center of Trade)
     Chesapeake Bay North America 49
  •  Chesapeake (James Estuary)
  •  Lenape (Delaware Estuary)
  •  Manhattan (Hudson Estuary)
  •  Massachusetts (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Santee (Santee Estuary)
     Constantinople Inland sea Europe 46
  •  Bükres (Inland Center of Trade)
  •   Constantinople (Center of Trade - Bosphorus Sound Toll)
  •  Hüdavendigar (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Sinop (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Sugla (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Turda (Inland Center of Trade)
     Crimea Inland sea Europe 33
  •  Azov (Don Estuary)
  •  Bessarabia (Danube Estuary)
  •  Caffa (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Odishi (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tbilisi (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Trabzon (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Yedisan (Dnestr Estuary)
     Cuiaba South America 41
  •  Asuncion (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Chuquiabo (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Jujuy (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Potosi (Cerro Rico)
     Deccan   Inland Asia 40
  •  Bidar (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Bijapur (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Burhanpur (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Daulatabad (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Golconda (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Ujjain (Inland Center of Trade)
     Doab   Inland Asia 43
  •  Central Doab (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Delhi (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Dhundar (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Kannauj (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Lower Doab (Inland Center of Trade)
     English Channel Europe 50
  •  Amsterdam (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Antwerpen (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Calais (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Caux (Seine Estuary)
  •  Cotentin (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Den Haag (Rhine Estuary)
  •  East Frisia (Ems Estuary)
  •  Gloucester (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Lincolnshire (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •   London (Thames Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Vlaanderen (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  York (Inland Center of Trade)
     Ethiopia   Inland Africa 53
  •  Darfur (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Gonder (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Soba (Inland Center of Trade)
     Genoa Inland sea Europe 46
  •  Avignon (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Barcelona (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Firenze (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Genoa (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Lucca (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Lyonnais (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Napoli (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Palermo (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pisa (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Provence (Rhône Estuary)
  •  Rome (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tarragona (Ebro Estuary)
  •  València (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Zaragoza (Inland Center of Trade)
     Girin Asia 58
  •  Furdan (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Girin (Inland Center of Trade)
     Great Lakes   Inland Africa 27
  •  Buganda (Inland Center of Trade)
     Gujarat Asia 41
  •  Ajmer (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Chaul (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Chittor (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Khambhat (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Mansura (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Surat (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Thana (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Thatta (Indus Estuary)
     Gulf of Aden Africa 48
  •  Aden (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Harer (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Hobyo (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Mogadishu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Shihr (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Zabid (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Zeila (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Gulf of St. Lawrence North America 42
  •  Hochelega (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Stadacona (Saint Lawrence Estuary)
     Hangzhou Inland sea Asia 26
  •  Fuzhou (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Haizhou (Huang He Estuary)
  •  Hangzhou (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Ningbo (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Suzhou (Yangtze Estuary)
     Hormuz Asia 30
  •  Hormuz (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Mogostan (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Muscat (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Shiraz (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Siraf (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Hudson Bay North America 40
  •  Muskegon (Nelson Estuary)
  •  Winnipeg (Inland Center of Trade)
     Ivory Coast Africa 38
  •  Benguela (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •   Benin (Niger Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Calabar (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cape Coast (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cayor (Senegal Estuary)
  •  Gabu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Gold Coast (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Ndongo (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Ngoyo (Congo Estuary)
     Katsina   Inland Africa 37
  •  Borno (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Kanem (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Katsina (Inland Center of Trade)
     Kazan   Inland Europe 22
  •  Kazan (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Nizhny Novgorod (Inland Center of Trade)
     Kiev   Inland Europe 34
  •  Kiev (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Smolensk (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Vilnius (Inland Center of Trade)
     Kongo   Inland Africa 32
  •  Luba (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Kuba (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Mpemba (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Rund (Inland Center of Trade)
     Krakow   Inland Europe 21
  •  Breslau (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Krakow (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Lublin (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Lwow (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Warszawa (Inland Center of Trade)
     Lahore   Inland Asia 36
  •  Kabul (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Lahore (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Multan (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Roh (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Sirhind (Inland Center of Trade)
     Lhasa   Inland Asia 24
  •  Katmandu (Inland Center of Trade)
     Lima South America 32
  •  Chanchan (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cuzco (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Guayaquil (Guayas Estuary)
  •  Lima (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Quito (Inland Center of Trade)
     Lübeck Europe 38
  •  Akershus (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •   Bremen (Weser Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Elfsborg (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •   Hamburg (Elbe Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Holstein (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Lübeck (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Sjælland (Sound Toll)
  •  Stettin (Oder Estuary)
  •  Stralsund (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Ostjylland (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Malacca Asia 49
  •  Brunei (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Lamuri (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Melaka (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Palembang (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pasai (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pattani (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Siak (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Mexico North America 48
  •  Cuetlaxtlan (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Mexico (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Sayultecas (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tlapanec (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Mississippi River North America 56
  •   Chitimacha (Mississippi Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tamaroa (Inland Center of Trade)
     The Moluccas Asia 41
  •  Demak (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Kalapa (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Makassar (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Palu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Ternate (The Spice Islands)
  •  Tidore (The Spice Islands)
     Nippon Asia 67
  •  Chikuzen (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Gyeongju (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Hanseong (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Musashi (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Settsu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Suo (Coastal Center of Trade)
     North Sea Europe 39
  •  Ayrshire (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Bergenshus (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cork (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Lothian (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Trondelag (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Novgorod Inland sea Europe 40
  •  Moskva (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Novgorod (Inland Center of Trade)
  •   Neva (Neva Estuary- Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pskov (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Yaroslavl (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Yuriev (Inland Center of Trade)
     Ohio   Inland North America 51
  •  Honniasont (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Potawatomi (Inland Center of Trade)
     Panama North America 30
  •  Bogota (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Cartagena (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cauca (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Panama (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Patagonia South America 20
  •  Candelaria (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Picunmapu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  San Antonio (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Persia   Inland Asia 47
  •  Herat (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Isfahan (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Mashhad (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Shirvan (Kura Estuary)
  •  Sari (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Tabriz (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Tehran (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Yazd (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Yerevan (Inland Center of Trade)
     Philippines Asia 34
  •  Butuan (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cebu (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Manila (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Panay (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pangasinan (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Sulu (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Ragusa Inland sea Europe 32
  •  Athens (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Dubrovnik (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Durazzo (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Lika (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Nandorfehervar (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Selanik (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Rheinland   Inland Europe 29
  •  Elsass (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Frankfurt (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Köln (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Mainz (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Nürnberg (Inland Center of Trade)
     Rio de La Plata South America 32
  •  Quisquisacate (Inland Center of Trade)
  •   Rio de la Plata (Parana Estuary- Coastal Center of Trade)
     Rio Grande North America 34
  •  Coahuilteco (Rio Grande Estuary)
  •  Pueblo (Inland Center of Trade)
     Safi Africa 27
  •  Agadir (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Draa (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Gharb (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Mitidja (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tafilalt (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Tala Imsam (Inland Center of Trade)
     Samarkand   Inland Asia 48
  •  Kashgar (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Khiva (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Merv (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Samarkand (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Yarkand (Inland Center of Trade)
     Saxony   Inland Europe 26
  •  Berlin (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Magdeburg (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Prague (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Sachen (Inland Center of Trade)
     Sevilla Europe 35
  •  Burgos (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Cadiz (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Cantabria (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Leon (Inland Center of Trade)
  •   Lisboa (Tagus Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •   Porto (Douro Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •   Sevilla (Guadiana Estuary - Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tangiers (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Toledo (Inland Center of Trade)
     Siam Asia 41
  •  Ayutthaya (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Phnom Penh (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Prek Russey (Mekong Estuary)
  •  Vientiane (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Vijaya (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Siberia   Inland Asia 44
  •  Mangazea (Taz Estuary)
     Timbuktu   Inland Africa 53
  •  Gao (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Jenne (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Jomo (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Massina (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Timbuktu (Inland Center of Trade)
     Tunis Inland sea Africa 27
  •  Djerba (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tripoli (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Tunis (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Venice Inland sea Europe 22
  •  Ferrara (Po Estuary)
  •  Istra (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Mantua (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Milan (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Venezia (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Verona (Costal Center of Trade)
  •  Urbino (Costal Center of Trade)
     White Sea Europe 13
  •  Cherdyn (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Kholmogory (Coastal Center of Trade)
     Wien   Inland Europe 36
  •  Pest (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Pozsony (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Regensburg (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Ulm (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Wien (Inland Center of Trade)
     Xi'an   Inland Asia 24
  •  Wuchang (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Xi'an (Inland Center of Trade)
     Yumen   Inland Asia 34
  •  Hotan (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Yumen (Inland Center of Trade)
     Zambezi   Inland Africa 29
  •  Kalonga (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Tete (Inland Center of Trade)
  •  Zimbabwe (Inland Center of Trade)
     Zanzibar Africa 36
  •  Inhambane (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Kilwa (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Malindi (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Menabe (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Mombasa (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Pate (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Quelimane (Zambezi Estuary)
  •  Sofala (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Vatomandry (Coastal Center of Trade)
  •  Zanzibar (Coastal Center of Trade)

ReferencesEdit