A colonist envoy is required to start a colony.
Russian idea Siberian Frontier does not provide a colonist but uses different mechanic to colonize adjacent provinces instead - described below in own section.
[[Religions and denominations|Mayan, Inti, and Nahuatl]] countries passing a religious reform may select a colonist as one of the five options. Selecting the [[Native ideas|Clan Migration Native idea]], for nations with a [[Native Council]] government, also provides a colonist. [[Parliament|Parliaments]] also may pass a bill granting an extra colonist for 10 years.