Portugal

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Kingdom rankPortugal
Portugal.png
Primary culture
Portuguese (Iberian)

Capital province
Lisboa (227)

Government
Feudal MonarchyGovernment monarchy.png

State religion
CatholicCatholic.png

Technology group
WesternWestern technology group
Portuguese ideas
Traditions.png Traditions:
+15% Trade efficiency
+25% Colonial range

Morale hit when losing a ship.png Legacy of the Navigator

−33% Morale hit when losing a ship
+5% Ship disengagement chance

Goods produced modifier.png Afonsine Ordinance

+10% Goods produced modifier

Trade power.png Feitorias

+10% Global trade power

Global settler increase.png Land before Faith

+15 Global settler increase

Merchants.png Encourage the Bandeirantes

+1 Merchant

Construction cost.png Royal Absolutism

−15% Construction cost
+0.50 Yearly absolutism

Artillery combat ability.png Royal Academy of Fortification, Artillery and Drawing

+10% Artillery combat ability
+10% Fort defense

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+20% Global tariffs
Shield Portugal.png
With the Reconquista almost complete, and the Iberian peninsula almost entirely in Christian hands, the Kingdom of Flag of Portugal Portugal has turned its attention to the shores of Africa. With the conquest of Ceuta in 1415 the founder of the Avis dynasty, João I, has already made the first inroads into the Moorish homeland. A policy that his grandson, the still young Afonso V will continue to the best of his abilities. It is however through the work of Afonso's uncle, Dom Henrique, Henry the Navigator, that Flag of Portugal Portugal will leave its mark upon the world.

Under Henrique's direction Flag of Portugal Portugal has made great leaps in shipbuilding and navigation, embarking on expeditions long past cape Bojador in the south. Seeking gold, spices and perhaps the legendary Kingdom of Prester John, Portuguese sailors are about to undertake voyages all over the globe. They are reaching for new continents in the west as well as India, Indonesia and even China and Flag of Japan Japan in the East. Indeed Portuguese sailors might one day circumnavigate the entire globe.

As of 1444 Afonso is still a minor, with the daily rule of the kingdom entrusted to another uncle, Dom Pedro, Duke of Coimbra. Dom Pedro's regency has been fraught with the difficulties of controlling the strong Portuguese nobility at court, but the duke has so far been able to ably strengthen royal power at their expense. As Afonso grows older however other forces at court will try to control him, hoping to use the young king for their own designs.

While Flag of Castile Castile has had a series of weak rulers and strong nobles, the Castilians can be a serious threat to the Portuguese. The royal house of Avis has therefore pursued a policy of intermarriage with the Castilian royal family, hoping to ensure a lasting friendship and possibly strengthen future Portuguese claims to the Castilian throne.

Missions[edit]

Main article: Portuguese missions

As a Tier 1 country, Flag of Portugal Portugal has a large amount of missions and events, which are therefore listed on separate pages. Flag of Portugal Portugal's missions include the exploration and colonization of South America and the Caribbeans, Africa, Arabia, India and Indonesia, as well as trade control of Indonesia, Southern China and Japan. The Portuguese may also bring Iberia to their knees.

Events[edit]

Main article: Portuguese events

Flag of Portugal Portugal's events are focused around colonization and expansion in the Americas, Africa, and Asia, as well as its volatile relations with its colonial competitors, particularly the Dutch.

Formation of Spain[edit]

Since Flag of Portugal Portugal is in the Iberian culture group, it has the ability to form Flag of Spain Spain militarily. Note that this is even possible (again) if Flag of Spain Spain had been formed before by Flag of Castile Castile, and then fully annexed. The AI will never do this, however.

Execute decision.pngForm Spanish Nation Militarily


Global expansion in newly discovered areas and the establishment of colonies is transforming Spain into one of the most powerful and wealthiest nations of our time. Spanish explorers are constantly moving into new lands and extending our borders. Immense amounts of gold and silver are being brought back to our motherland, filling the coffers of our state Treasury.


 
Potential requirements Allow
  • Flag of Spain Spain does not exist.
  • Has an administrative technology of at least level 10.
  • Is not a subject nation.
  • Is not at war.
  • Is not a nomad nation.
  • A Muslim nation does not own a province in Iberia region.
  • Owns the core Province icon.png provinces: Barcelona (213), Zaragoza (214), Valladolid (215), Salamanca (216), Sevilla (224), Toledo (219), València (220) and Granada (223).

Effects
  • Change country to Flag of Spain Spain.
  • Gain new Mission.png missions.[1]
  • If Duchy rank duchy, set government rank to Kingdom rank Kingdom.
  • If a member of the Imperial authority.png HRE and not an elector / emperor, all own provinces are removed from the HRE.
  • Gain a permanent claim on all not owned provinces of Iberia region, except the areas of: Alentejo, Beira, Macaronesia.
  • Gain Prestige.png25 prestige
  • Set country flag “formed_spain_flag”
  • Gain “Increased Centralization” modifier for 20 years:
    • −0.05 Autonomy.png Monthly autonomy change
    • +1 National unrest.png National unrest

Decisions[edit]

id

Execute decision.pngInstitute the Societas Jesu


His Holiness has approved a new missionary order called the Society of Jesus. However without royal support it will not thrive, shall we support the Jesuits?


 
Potential requirements

This country:

  • is Catholicism Catholic.
  • is Flag of Portugal Portugal or Flag of Spain Spain.
  • does not have the modifier “The Societas Jesu”.
  • does not have the modifier “Jesuits Expelled”".
Allow

This country:


Effects

The country gets the modifier “The Societas Jesu” until the country:

with the following effects:

  • Missionary strength.png+1% missionary strength,
  • Papal influence.png+0.5 yearly papal influence.

Catholicism loses Catholic reform desire.png2% reform desire.

id

Execute decision.pngFlee to Brazil


Portugal is in ruins! The monarch and the court must make haste across the sea before our enemies descend upon us once more. Though it will be painful to leave Portugal behind, we shall surely create a glorious new Empire in Brazil.


 
Potential requirements

The country:

Random new world is off.

Allow

The country:


Effects

The country:

  • changes to Flag of Brazil Brazil.
  • inherits all owned provinces in the Brazil colonial region.
  • the capital will move to Rio de Janeiro if owned, or else to a random province in the Brazil colonial region.
  • Flag of Portugal Portugal will be released as a junior partner in a Personal Union under Brazil.
  • loses Icon stability.png2 stability.
  • loses Prestige.png25 prestige.

If the country

  • is a member of the Holy Roman Empire but not the emperor or an elector then
    • all its provinces are removed from the HRE.
  • does not have custom ideas

Strategy : Dominating Colonization[edit]

The usual strategy to play Portugal is just to ally Castille -> Spain and let them do most of the heavy lifting for you while you colonize and take Morocco. This strategy does the opposite and involves allying Aragon and preventing Spain from forming. Castille -> Spain is one of the biggest colonization competitors that Portugal has, along with Britain and France. Spain also has the habit of taking Flanders, which inevitably triggers the Dutch rebellion. If successful, the Netherlands also becomes another colonization competitor.

To prevent the Iberian Wedding from firing and giving Castille the PU over Aragon, you must reduce Castille to less than 25 provinces. They start with 30 provinces, so you must cause them to lose 6 provinces. The event can fire between 1450 and 1530 if both Castille and Aragon have rulers of different genders. The event has a mean time to happen of 10 years, or 1 year if Aragon does NOT have a regency (which is most of the time). In other words, the event has a very high chance of firing if Castille and Aragon have rulers of different genders between 1450 and 1530. This does not give you much time.

Opening Moves[edit]

It is absolutely essential to ally Aragon to fight Castille. If you cannot do this for whatever reason, you may as well restart. Aragon with its PU over Navarra and Naples will do most of the heavy lifting for you, but you need to build up your trade power in Sevilla as well so you can help out. The best thing that can happen is that Morocco’s subjects declare an independence war with Castille backing them, as this will weaken both threats to you. Morocco should lose their army and this will give you the chance to take Tanglers easily, and if possible, Fez. Fez has a mountain fort in a strategic location and it will block all attacks from the south easily.

Improve relations with England to +100 to complete the mission, then drop the alliance after allying Aragon. You do not want Britain to form as they will be a major colonization competitor. You want England to be as weak as possible, but most of the time they will easily conquer the British Isles because they have the advantage of starting with the English Channel node. It is essential that France maintain an alliance with Scotland and kick England off the mainland. If necessary, ally Scotland as well to deter England from attacking them. France is a good ally as well, but Aragon usually rivals them and Aragon is essential for fighting Castille.

When you can afford it, use a cheap +2 trade power flagship to help protect trade in Sevilla. Make sure to always use some heavy ships to hunt pirates in Sevilla to prevent the coastal raids.

Attacking Castille[edit]

Try to time the first war while Castille is busy with another war. Make sure to allow allies to attach to your army/fleet and you should have no trouble defeating Castille unless they have very strong allies. Even if Castille allies Tunis or other states in Maghreb, they will be held up by your forts and any allies in Italy or Germany will usually attack Naples first, allowing you, Aragon and Navarra to outnumber Castille's army in the field.

After the war, take the state of Leon for yourself (5 provinces) and either take one more province or give it to Aragon. This will prevent the Iberian wedding from firing and buy your time. For follow up wars, take Asturias then Lower Andalucia for the COTs and then Gallicia. Completing the mission will give you claims on the rest. When the Castillan civil war fires, choose to support the rebels to make Castille weaker.

It is important to always call Aragon in when attacking Castille, if for no other reason than to prevent them from attacking Castille on their own and taking land. You do not want Aragon to get stronger as you will eventually have to attack them to conquer Iberia.

Colonization[edit]

Take exploration first followed by expansion. Colonize the Caribbean first, focusing on high dev provinces. Keep in mind that you do not need to colonize adjacent provinces as long as you have sea access, its fine to leave gaps to seize the high dev provinces first. Use the native repression policy and station 1 infantry unit to deal with native uprisings, and take the Portuguese settler increase splendor ability as soon as possible. The Caribbean’s high trade value will flow to Sevilla and will dramatically increase your income after its colonized. If you have troops to spare, use 3k with a conquistador to explore South America as well and try to find the seven cities. Expel minoriteis for free dev whenever possible.

Ideally, you would want to complete both exploration and expansion to unlock the colonial expansion policy, which will give you a large bonus to native assimilation, which is important for colonizing Africa due to the high native count there. But this will take a long time, and eventually France, England and perhaps Scotland as well will begin colonizing. Depending on how fast they start colonizing, you may need to colonize the Ivory Coast right after forming the Caribbean or you may have time to form Brazil first. It may be possible for you to limit your competitor’s colonization range by colonizing all the small islands and provinces along the way to the Ivory Coast, but this does not stop them from chartering companies to get started. The Ivory Coast will also bring in a very large amount of trade value to Sevilla.

If possible, charter a province with a COT from Jolof before colonizing there as there is a large penalty to chartering if you have already have at least one province there. Colonize the provinces with COTs and Estuaries first whenever possible. Swap to the Native assimilation policy before colonizing the Ivory Coast for the goods production bonus.

When colonizing Africa, an easy way to get more provinces there is to threaten war after fabricating claims on one of the small African states there. This will save you a lot of time and you can conserve manpower for wars in Iberia.

Limiting Competitors[edit]

Ideally, England has been kicked off the mainland and is locked in a stalemate with Scotland. France does not usually rush exploration so this will give you more time, and Castille, your biggest competitor, is too busy trying to survive. Don’t be afraid to declare colonial wars to seize colonies, your colonial nations will occupy it for you so all you need to do is maintain naval supremacy for an easy win. Do not attack France when they start colonizing until you are ready to fight them though, as they have a land route to Iberia and you want their help to deal with Aragon.

In my game, nobody else even started colonizing till the Age of Reformation so I had a massive headstart. If you can get a PU over Scotland, even better since this will help you stalemate England and allow you to conquer the isles easily later on.

Note that for the concede colonial region option to appear when offering peace or to get the colonialism casus belli, you must have your own colonial nation in the region or it will not appear. For trade companies, you must have an adjacent colony of your own to get the casus belli to get a casus belli to take it. Try to form your colonial nations with 5 provinces in South America, Mexico and Louisiana asap to get as much trade flowing to Sevilla as possible and make full use of the Treaty of Tordesillas. Even if someone breaks it, or isn't Catholic, having your own colonial nation there will give you the peace option to make them concede it to you which will save you a lot of time.

Unfortunatley, colonial nations are bugged and will never send ground troops to Europe to help you, although they will send ships.

Age of Reformation[edit]

It is best for Portugal to stay Catholic, as otherwise, AE from conquering Iberia will be a problem. Converting Iberia will also slow you down and generate a lot of unrest. The papacy also gives you an easy inflation reduction mechanic, and if you decide to form Spain via the decision, you need to be Catholic to take full advantage of Spain’s ideas.

That said, going Protestant does have advantages for a colonizer, they get a +15 settler bonus which your colonies will have as well, making them much faster early on. If you do want to go Protestant, you should only do it if you can spawn a center of reformation in your area and do not plan to form Spain.

Attacking Aragon[edit]

After Castille has been annexed, rival Aragon. Try to ally France to attack Aragon, and possibly allies in Maghreb, Italy or even the Mamluks to keep Naples occupied. With the Caribbean and Ivory Coast flowing into Sevilla, you should have plenty of money and near total control with all the COTs. This will also help keep Aragon poor. After dominating Sevilla, use light ships to either protect trade in Sati or privateer in Genoa.

Your first war should focus on annexing Navarra and forcing Aragon to release Naples as a subject. If you can ally Naples afterwards, they will also help distract Aragon in later wars by taking Sicily. If France is your ally, fighting Aragon should be pretty easy as any of Aragon’s allies will have to attack through France to help and France will easily be able to stop them. You also have all of Castille at this point and a much better economy.

After taking Iberia, you will probably need to prepare for war with France to limit their colonization unless you get lucky and get a PU over France. While France is powerful, you should be stronger with all of Iberia and a much better economy at this point. You can start privateering the English Channel to prevent England and France from getting money. Building a massive colonial empire for the rest of the game should be easy, as France is the only potential threat to you.

Circumnavigation[edit]

Do not attempt this without sufficient fleet basing rights or your fleet will eventually sink. It should be pretty safe to circumnavigate if you have a province on the far side of South America (I had a province on the far side of Panama), the Cape of Good Hope and fleet basing rights in India or Malacca.

Achievements[edit]

Not so sad a state... icon
As Portugal, have a colony in Brazil and in Africa.
The Navigator icon
As Portugal, get owned provinces in Africa, India and Indonesia before 1500.
Country guides

Central African technology group Central African.png Kuba.png KubaMutapa.png Mutapa
East African technology group East African.png Ethiopia.png EthiopiaMogadishu.png Mogadishu
Muslim technology group Muslim.png The Mamluks.png MamluksMorocco.png MoroccoTlemcen.png TlemcenTunis.png Tunis
West African technology group West African.png Air.png AirMali.png Mali

Eastern technology group Eastern.png Jerusalem.png Jerusalem
Muslim technology group Muslim.png Arabia.png Arabia Ardabil.png Ardabil Hisn Kayfa.png Hisn Kayfa Oman.png Oman
Indian technology group Indian.png Assam.png Assam Bahmanis.png Bahmanis Bengal.png Bengal Orissa.png Orissa
Chinese technology group Chinese.png Bali.png Bali Brunei.png Brunei Dai Viet.png Dai Viet Japan.png Japan Khmer.png Khmer Korea.png Korea Majapahit.png Majapahit Malaya.png Malaya Pagarruyung.png Pagarruyung Pasai.png Pasai Sunda.png Sunda
Nomadic technology group Nomadic.png Jianzhou.png Jianzhou Timurids.png Timurids Uzbek.png Uzbek

Western technology group Western.png United States.png United States
Mesoamerican technology group Mesoamerican.png Maya.png Maya
North American technology group North American.png Caddo.png Caddo Cherokee.png Cherokee Iroquois.png Iroquois

Andean technology group Andean.png Chachapoya.png Chachapoya Cusco.png Cusco Muisca.png Muisca
South American technology group South American.png Mapuche.png Mapuche

  1. Having Catalan or Aragonese culture gives Aragonese missions while any other culture gives Spanish missions