- −10% Cavalry cost
- +1 Max promoted culture
- +10% Production efficiency
- −10% Stability cost modifier
- −0.02 Monthly war exhaustion
- +25% National manpower modifier
- +10% Infantry combat ability
- +33% Cavalry combat ability
- +10% Cavalry to infantry ratio
- −10% Regiment cost
- +5% Discipline
- +15% Morale of armies
- +3 Tolerance of heretics
Ever since the 1392 the two states have been bound together by a series of agreements seeking to integrate the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland in order to allow them to present a united front against their common enemies: the Knights of the Teutonic and Livonian Orders, the Tatars of the Golden Horde and the Crimean Khanate, and the Russian Principalities, lead by Muscovy in the north west. This cooperation has allowed the two countries to thrive despite their many enemies, but integrating the nobility of two such divergent states has not been an easy matter. Among both the Polish and the Lithuanian nobility there are some, the Magnates, who control very large estates and command great political influence. These families are in some ways the financial and political backbone of their states, but they are also a power factor that even kings might think twice before rejecting.While large parts of their lands are sparsely populated there is little doubt that Poland and Lithuania could be among the most powerful states in Europe if they go forward with their integration. Their enemies are however quite formidable. In the far south the Ottoman Empire seems to be at the gates of Hungary, ready to expand up the flow of the Danube. To the north the highly militarized Teutonic Order consider the two states its main enemy. An uneasy agreement has been reached with the Knights following the Lithuanian Civil War, by which all parties agreed to recognize both the existing borders and the Polish-Lithuanian king. Perhaps most dangerous of them all however, is the Grand Duchy of Muscovy in the far north east. The Muscovites are rapidly creating a strong and expansive state to challenge the Lithuanian overlordship over the Ruthenian and Russian peoples that inhabit most of the Grand Duchy...
Poland (Polish: Polska) is a considerable power in Central Europe with the potential to grow into a regional or even global power. However, there are tremendous challenges that must be faced at every stage of history if Poland is to survive at all.
In the final months of 1444, Poland has no king. Since 1385, it has always been a Jagiellon that has ruled Poland and Lithuania in personal union. Yet with the death of King Władysław III in battle against the Ottomans in Varna on 10 November 1444, the fate of the Polish-Lithuanian union hangs in the balance. Fortunately, Władysław's brother, Kazimierz IV, is the Grand Duke of Lithuania. By persuading the Polish nobility to accept his rule, Kazimierz can become King and restore the mighty union. Or Poland may deny this union and seek its own path.
The territory of Poland lies upon the great northern European plain, a vast flatland conducive for the use of mass cavalry. Lacking natural geographic borders from which to defend, Poland will inevitably be the target for expansion and conquest by sufficiently powerful neighbors. Among these threats is the nemesis of both Poland and Lithuania, the Teutonic Order. Though humbled by defeat in recent years, the Order still holds the Baltic hostage, and with it, the trade to sustain an empire. Beyond the Baltic Sea, the Scandinavian nations fight for dominance over one another. A champion of the north could pose the next threat to Baltic trade. To the south lies Hungary, a rival powerful enough to disrupt Polish plans to crush the Order and able to vie for trade in Kraków. The Ottomans are far to the South but their ambitions are far too great to remain there.To the east is the vast Eurasian Steppe, long the source of massive horde invasions. Soon the nation of Muscovy will set its sights on Poland's eastern provinces as the iron fist of Russia. To the west Poland borders the small German states of Pomerania and Brandenburg. While the German states are divided and the Emperor lacks power, the west will not present a credible threat to Poland's ambitions elsewhere. However, a powerful series of Emperors may gradually bring unity to the Holy Roman Empire, potentially creating a superpower capable of bending the whole of Europe to its will. Poland may also have to contend with the rise of Prussia who could prove a major thorn in the side.
Creating the Commonwealth could begin an era of relative peace and stability in the region, but maintaining the unity of a multicultural and religiously diverse population will be a major challenge in itself. This is especially true when the Protestant Reformation stirs in the west, the rising Ottoman Empire expanding ever closer in the south, and an united Orthodox Russia rises in the east. Poland is in the crosshairs of three major powers that present a existential risk to the kingdom. Fortunately Poland is position for some powerful allies as well, especially Austria and France.
- Main article: Polish missions
Poland's missions are focused on the integration of its vassals, develop the country, maintaining friendly relations with Lithuania, and the subjugation and conquest of its neighboring rivals: the Teutonic Order, the Ottomans and Russia. There are also mission for forming PUs with Hungary and Bohemia.
- Main article: Polish events
Poland's events are heavily focused on the internal structure and stability of the Polish state, characterized by a long term struggle to assert control over the nobles of the Sejm, as well as the integration of the Duchy of Mazovia and Grand Duchy of Lithuania into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Outside of its borders, Poland is faced with events that characterize the tensions between the Ottomans and an independent Sweden. A small number of events address Poland's position at the heart of Europe, right along the border of the Holy Roman shift towards Protestantism.
If either Lithuania or Poland leads a union with the other (most likely Poland via event), and have fully integrated Mazovia, then they can unite and form the Commonwealth.
Move Capital to Warsaw
Form Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Poland)
Enforce Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Form Polish Nation
If the country is AI controlled then:
- Lithuania starts with 48 provinces, so this is true unless they have gained 10 more.