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Kingdom rankOttomans
Primary culture
Turkish (Levantine)

Capital province
Edirne (149)

Ottoman Government Government monarchy.png

State religion

Technology group
AnatolianAnatolian technology group
Ottoman ideas
Ambox outdated info.png Please help with verifying or updating this infobox. It was last verified for version 1.33.

Traditions.png Traditions:

+5% Discipline
+3 Tolerance of heathens

Core-creation cost.png Kanunnames

−20% Core-creation cost
+1 Max promoted culture

Manpower recovery speed.png Ghazi

+20% Manpower recovery speed

Cavalry combat ability.png Timar System

+15% Cavalry combat ability

Cost of reducing war exhaustion.png Autonomous Pashas

−10% Cost of reducing war exhaustion

National tax modifier.png The Law code of Suleiman

+10% National tax modifier

Trade efficiency.png Tulip Period

+10% Trade efficiency

Ship costs.png Found the Imperial School of Naval Engineering

−10% Ship cost

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+33% Land force limit modifier
Shield Ottomans.png
The Ottomans in 1444 are a regional power, in the process of securing control over Anatolia and the Balkans. In the east, Ottoman control has been reimposed in the aftermath of the Flag of Timurids Timurid invasion, but several beyliks remain independent. These Beys jockey for a position between the expanding power of the Ottomans on one side, and the Flag of Mamluks Mamluk Empire of Egypt and Syria, still the strongest state in the Middle East, on the other.

In Europe, the Ottomans have defeated the Crusaders in the Battle of Varna, killing Wladyslaw, the Flag of Poland Polish and Flag of Hungary Hungarian king. Flag of Byzantium Byzantium now lies exposed and Hungary has been forced on the defensive, but with the fortress of Belgrade, still serves as a strong bulwark against further Ottoman expansion. The lesser princes in between can survive only by playing the great powers off one another. Further south, Skanderbeg leads Flag of Albania Albania in revolt against the Ottomans, supported by Flag of Venice Venice, which still dominates the seas.

The realm ruled by the Ottoman dynasty is not yet a centralized state in 1444. The sultan's authority is enforced only by his small household of servants, recruited from slaves captured in war and from the 'devshirme', the periodic conscription of Christian youths from the Balkan countryside. These are the famous Janissaries, who will in time grow into a powerful standing army. The Ottomans have come to power with the military backing of numerous marcher-lords, still highly autonomous on the Balkan frontier, while the administration lies in the hands of the Turkish aristocracy, literate in the ways of statecraft, but largely independent of the sultan's authority.

All this is about to change. Having defeated the Crusader armies, the old sultan Murad II is now on his way back to his estates in Manisa, leaving the government in the hands of the young Mehmed II. It is he who will go on to transform the Ottoman state into an empire, acquiring Constantinople as an imperial capital and establishing a centralized administration to rein in the marcher-lords and old Turkish families. For 'The Grand Turk', there can be no compromise – the House of Osman is to be the supreme authority in the land. The only question is this: where will his armies turn to first?

Europa Universalis IV starts on November 11th 1444, the day after the Ottomans victory over the Christian alliance at Varna. They begin owning most of Anatolia and the southern Balkans. For new players, the early game will likely be focused on consolidating the country's position in those regions. Internally, the country is divided between the Orthodoxy Orthodox and Sunni Islam Sunni faiths. Economically, they hold the majority of the Constantinople node trade power with very easy access to the rest.

In the Balkans, the important trade center of Constantinople and the region of Morea are held by the declining nation of Flag of Byzantium Byzantium and its vassal, Flag of Athens Athens. The Aegean Sea is controlled mainly by Flag of Venice Venice and Flag of Genoa Genoa hindering control of the Constantinople trade node. The Anatolian region is a home to several Turkish Beyliks. Further east, in the Taurus and Caucasus mountains, the hordes of Flag of Aq Qoyunlu Aq Qoyunlu and Flag of Qara Qoyunlu Qara Qoyunlu control some outlying Ottoman territory, and shield the Ottomans from their historical rival, the Flag of Timurids Timurids. To the south, historical and trade rival the Flag of Mamluks Mamluks control a sprawling trade empire that extends into Africa, while their vassal Flag of Hejaz Hejaz controls the holy cities of Medina and Mecca. To the west, the Balkan nations are ripe for the taking - Flag of Moldavia Moldavia is the only safe nation due to it being a march of Flag of Poland Poland which blocks expansion. Further expansion into the west is halted by Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Hungary Hungary, while across the Adriatic, Italy is mostly protected by the Imperial authority.png Holy Roman Emperor and Flag of Aragon Aragon.

The Ottomans have a unique government type named the Ottoman Government. This government is in many ways synonymous with the royal household, but with a harem feature that ensures that there will never be a lack of heirs for the Ottoman ruler. The Ottomans follow the Hanafi school Hanafi school of Islam.

Ottoman Government[edit | edit source]

The Ottoman Government is a unique government type with fixed dynasty and the following benefits:

  • Yearly legitimacy.png +0.5 Yearly legitimacy
  • Unjustified demands.png −10% Unjustified demands
  • Governing capacity.png +150 Governing capacity
  • Maximum absolutism +5 Maximum absolutism

This government is permanently lost if the country is no longer Muslim or if the government type is changed during the Revolution disaster or by revolutionary rebels enforcing their demands.

Harem[edit | edit source]

The harem helps ensure that there will never be a lack of heirs for the empire. An event triggers if the current ruler has reached 30 years of age and has no heir which allows the player choose an heir for the throne from a random list of three choices, being able to view their monarch stats prior to the choice.

See also: Ottoman events#Harem

Msg event.pngThe Sons of [Root.Monarch.GetName]

His Imperial Majesty [Root.Monarch.GetName] [Root.Monarch.GetTitle], sovereign of the house of Osman, Sultan of Sultans, Khan of Khans, Commander of the Faithful and Successor of the Prophet of the lord of the Universe, Custodian of the Two Noble Sanctuaries, Qayser-i Rum, Emperor of the Three Cities of Constantinople, Adrianople and Bursa has a reputation as a great man and is unchallenged as a ruler.

As befits a man of his caliber and stature the Sultan has fathered several capable children and many who show great promise as future rulers. Both the sons themselves and our government officials are acutely aware that only one can inherit and what awaits the others. Our Viziers are adamant that it is now high time for [Root.Monarch.GetName] to name a favorite among the possible successors. This is unlikely to end the competition for [Root.Monarch.GetHerHis] favor but it will hopefully stop the worst succession struggles that might follow if our [Root.Monarch.GetTitle] should meet his maker without having picked a clear successor.

Trigger conditions

The country:

  • Has the "Ottoman Government" reform
  • Has a ruler of at least 30 years old.
  • Has no heir.
Mean time to happen

6 months

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Second pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Pious son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10, with:

  • At least Administrative power.png 1 administrative skill.
  • At most Diplomatic power.png 5 diplomatic skill.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: First pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Strongest son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10, with:

  • At least Military power.png 1 military skill.
  • At most Diplomatic power.png 5 diplomatic skill.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Second pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Studious son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10, with:

  • At least Administrative power.png 1 administrative skill.
  • At most Military power.png 5 military skill.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: First pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Natural Leader is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10, with:

  • At least Military power.png 1 military skill.
  • At most Administrative power.png 5 administrative skill.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Third pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Gregarious son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10, with:

  • At least Diplomatic power.png 1 diplomatic skill.
  • At most Military power.png 5 military skill.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: First pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Fairest son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Third pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Entrepreneurial son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10, with:

  • At least Diplomatic power.png 1 diplomatic skill.
  • At most Administrative power.png 5 administrative skill.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Second pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Inquisitive son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: First pool (1% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Most Gifted son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10, with:

  • At least Administrative power.png 1 administrative skill.
  • At least Diplomatic power.png 1 diplomatic skill.
  • At least Military power.png 1 military skill.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Third pool (33% chance)

Event button 547.png
The Generous son is our favorite.

Gain a new male heir of the current dynasty, aged 10

Pashas[edit | edit source]

This government may assign a pasha to one of its states from the state interface, and the following modifiers will be applied to each province in this state:

State maintenance.png −50% State maintenance
Local unrest.png −2% Local unrest
Local construction cost +20% Local construction cost
Local regiment cost.png +20% Local regiment cost

Removing the Pasha causes all the provinces in the state to suffer a Local unrest.png +5 local unrest penalty for 10 years.

Janissaries[edit | edit source]

Janissaries are a special unit category available only to countries with the Ottoman Government, and are displayed with a red background in the army view. They are elite infantry troops with:

Fire damage received.png −10% Fire damage received
Shock damage received.png −10% Shock damage received
Reinforce cost.png +100% Reinforce cost
Army drill gain modifier.png +100% Army drill gain modifier

Janissaries can be recruited using the Macro-builder or from the state interface of states. The number of Janissaries available to a country is based on the proportion of heathen Development.pngdevelopment relative to the Land forcelimit.pngforce limit. This costs Military power.png 10 military power per regiment raised. They do not use manpower when recruited. Over-reliance on janissaries may trigger the Janissary Coup disaster after the end of the Age of Discovery.png 'Age of Discovery'.

Missions[edit | edit source]

Main article: Ottoman missions

Practically all of the Ottomans missions revolve around expanding their borders. In the early stages of the game, many of the missions revolve around reclaiming the lands of Anatolia, as well as the iconic mission to conquer the City of the World's Desire: Constantinople or Conquer the Crusader's Last Bastion (Rhodes). Further missions will request the Ottoman Empire to expand and conquer the regions of Balkans, North Africa, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, as well as individual provinces - all to increase trading power in the spice trade and to unite Sunni Islam lands against Christendom.

Events[edit | edit source]

Main article: Ottoman events

Many historical events are the aftermath from the expansion and government reforms of the Ottoman Empire - such events can revolve around the relationship between the Ottoman Empire and the trade states of Flag of Venice Venice and Flag of Genoa Genoa, the left-over Greek OrthodoxyOrthodox Patriarchate, enacting reforms that might not be popular with everyone, or suppressing nationalistic rebels.

Decisions[edit | edit source]


Execute decision.pngAdopt the Provincial Government System

Appointing provincial governors, or 'Beys' can certainly improve administration of taxes and such but with less direct control over our provinces there is also the possibility of ambitious governors spending most of their time caught up in intrigues and internal feuds.

Potential requirements
  • Is Flag of Ottomans Ottomans
  • Has not enacted this decision before
  • Administrative technology.png Administrative technology is at least 5
  • Ruler's Administrative power.png administrative skill is at least 4
  • Has at least Administrative power.png 50 administrative power

  • LoseAdministrative power.png−50 administrative power
  • Gain country modifier Provincial Government System for the rest of the campaign:
    • National unrest.png+1 National unrest
    • National tax modifier.png+10% National tax modifier

Execute decision.pngExpand the Devshirme System

By enrolling young men from newly conquered lands into service we have increased the efficiency of our recruitment process considerably. Let us further expand and refine this system as our state grows.

Potential requirements Allow

Has at least Military power.png 100 Military power

  • Lose Military power.png −100 Military power
  • Gain country modifier Devshirme System until the event ‘The Lapse of the Devshirme’:
    • National manpower modifier.png+10% National manpower modifier
  • If Cradle of Civilization.png Cradle of Civilization is not enabled:

Execute decision.pngForce Janissaries to Undergo Yoklama

In the payrolls of the Janissaries there are many that are not truly Janissaries or not truly fit for service. Let us force them to undergo a general review of who should still be on the rolls, bringing order and discipline to this group.

Potential requirements

Disaster.png Janissary Coup disaster is on-going



Execute decision.pngMake Constantinople Capital

The glorious city we have recently conquered will make a splendid capital for our nation. Constantinople is the greatest city on earth, and our government would make it so much stronger.

Potential requirements
  • Is the Flag of Ottomans Ottomans or Flag of Rûm Rûm
  • Own Constantinople (151)
  • Capital is not Constantinople
  • Have not enacted this decision before
  • Is not at war
  • Primary culture.png Primary culture is Turkish
  • Is Muslim
  • Controls the province Constantinople
  • Constantinople (151) is part of a state
  • Owns Edirne (149), Kocaeli (316), Hüdavendigar (317) and Burgas / Kirkkilise (1764)

  • Gain Stability.png 1 stability
  • Constantinople:
    • Becomes core
    • Becomes capital
    • Changes culture to Turkish
    • Changes religion to our Religion
    • Changes name to Kostantiniyye
  • If this decision has never been taken:
    • Constantinople:
      • Gains Base tax.png+4 base tax
      • Gains Production.png+4 base production
      • Gains Manpower.png+3 base manpower
  • Government rank becomes Empire rank Empire

Strategy[edit | edit source]

Strategy The below is one of many player suggested strategies for Ottomans. Bear in mind, due to the dynamic nature of the game, it may unfold differently for other players.

Overview[edit | edit source]

The Ottomans begin the game in 1444 in the Anatolian technology group Anatolian military technology group at level 3 for Administration, Diplomacy and Military with Feudalism embraced. If you rush to Military level 5, Flag of Ottomans Ottomans should have the strongest infantry units, comparing to Western technology group Western, Muslim technology group Muslim and Eastern technology group Eastern units.

If the Ottomans have completed the 3 listed decisions, Adopt the Provincial Government System, Expand the Devshirme System and Make Constantinople Capital, they are likely the physically largest and most developed nation on 3 continents. At this stage the question becomes how big can the Ottomans grow. Other than Flag of Austria Austria, Rivals may include Flag of Commonwealth Commonwealth, Flag of Russia Russia, Flag of Great Britain Great Britain, Flag of France France, Flag of Ming Ming and Flag of Spain Spain.

  • Cavalry.png60% Ratio. As a Sunni nation, Cavalry numbers may be up to 60% of a total army size, excluding Artillery.png artillery, before the Insufficient Support penalty is incurred. Note that this will be reduced to the standard 50% Cavalry ratio upon conversion to another religion.
  • Anatolian technology group Anatolian units: see Anatolian land units. Early game Anatolian technology group Anatolian units (up to military tech 15) are superior to Western by 1 pip. Notably, Janissaries (infantry at military tech 9) have 1 offensive fire pip; the only other tech groups to get fire pips this early are Indian technology groupIndian and Chinese technology groupChinese (who have a much harder time embracing institutions). Conversely, Anatolian cavalry has no fire pips until tech 18, compared to 10 for Western. However, at higher techs cavalry has very little use, so it might be best to simply cut the cav out of your armies in favor of infantry, Janissary infantry, and of course more cannons.

The Janissaries[edit | edit source]

The Ottomans may have the event The Janissaries fire if their ruler is above 5 monarch power in any category and they have 50 Army tradition.png army tradition. If accepted, the Janissaries give considerable military bonuses to the Ottomans for the remainder of the game. In addition to the extra power their Anatolian units have, the bonuses from the Janissaries catapult the military strength of the Ottomans far above that of their neighbors.

However, accepting this event will additionally unlock the unique Janissary Coup disaster for the Ottomans in 100 years. While the disaster can take an enormous toll on the Ottomans if left unattended, it is easily ended by taking the decision Disband the Janissaries, which removes the military bonuses. In addition, the disaster can be avoided entirely if the Ottomans ruler has above 5 skill in any category; a condition made much easier by having the Ottoman Government where the sultans often gives 3 heirs with good stats after age of 30. Therefore, disinherit heirs without a skill above 5 is also fine for avoiding the Janissary coup disaster.

Building up Janissary regiments as soon as possible is advised due to the considerable power it gives early in the game, and because the disaster is easily avoided by choosing an heir that disables the disaster. As a player playing against an AI Ottomans, it is often advised to wait to fight them until they disband the Janissaries and lose the military bonuses.

Early Moves[edit | edit source]

Flag of Venice Venice guarantees Flag of Albania Albania, and although Ottomans has two cores on them, fighting Venice for a couple provinces might not be worth it. Therefore, annexing Flag of Byzantium Byzantium and Flag of Athens Athens in the beginning is a wiser choice, not only because the player gets the decision to make Constantinople capital, but also because they get free claims on Serbia and Flag of Epirus Epirus. I would recommend chaining a war against Epirus immediately after the war against Byzantium and annexing them too.This allows the player to attack Flag of Serbia Serbia immediately after the fall of Flag of Byzantium Byzantium. With a rapid conquest of Serbia, the player can finish off Flag of Bosnia Bosnia and Flag of Wallachia Wallachia with the free claims provided by the mission tree. During these battles, be sure to use diplomats to improve relations with Outraged countries to prevent a coalition, especially Flag of Venice Venice and the members of their trade league, Flag of Ragusa Ragusa, Flag of Poland Poland, Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Bohemia Bohemia. Importantly, don't declare all of these wars after another. After the war to retake Greece, and maybe Serbia, switch gears to taking some Sunni AE in Anatolia. Declaring, and annexing Flag of Candar Candar, Flag of Karaman Karaman, and generally going down your left side of the mission tree is recommended. Alternate taking land from Christians in Europe and Muslims in Asia to spread out your AE. Make sure not to take too much for your self in order to keep the costs of coring down, and don't be afraid to make a vassal or two, such as Flag of Syria Syria or Flag of Iraq Iraq.

The Ottomans are strong early on so it's possible to do several wars at the same time. However, fighting in two fronts is challenging for new players. Therefore, a new player should focus on one war at a time. But you should try it out at some point, because trying challenging things is the best way to improve.

However, a more experienced player can easily win a war against a Balkan nation while Annexing Flag of Candar Candar, Flag of Karaman Karaman, or another small Sunni nation before moving in on the bigger fish in the region.

Alliances: Usually good early Alliances include Flag of Tunis Tunis, Flag of Crimea Crimea, sometimes Flag of Bohemia Bohemia, and generally the rivals of your natural rivals, E.G. Flag of Mamluks Mamluks, Flag of Commonwealth Commonwealth (Poland and Lithuania), Flag of Austria Austria, and any other regional Hegemony that you can't easily step on. I would recommend allying Crimea as soon as possible because it gives you a much higher chance of making them a March via event, which is very helpful.

Goals After Early Moves[edit | edit source]

From here, the possibilities for the Flag of Ottomans Ottomans are endless. Some players may try to Unify Islam, which involves conquering holy sites (provinces) and converting all of the player's provinces to Muslim. Some players may seek the "Definitely the Sultan of Rum" or "Parisian Pasha" achievements. They are not that difficult, even for a new player. All the player will need to do is to manage aggressive expansion well, keep up on tech and institutions, and keep expanding. The Ottoman mission tree provides a huge amount of claims and many places are worth taking later on.

Flag of Aq Qoyunlu Aq Qoyunlu owns one Flag of Syria Syria province which can be released (Rakka: 1.28), easily diplomatically vassalized and later fed Syrian cores from Flag of Mamluks Mamluks (with significantly reduced aggressive expansion). Flag of Aq Qoyunlu Aq Qoyunlu owns one Ottoman and one Syrian core and should be taken as soon as possible (best if QQ is in some difficult war, e.g. with Flag of Timurids Timurids or Mamluks).

Other early war targets are Flag of Trebizond Trebizond and Flag of Theodoro Theodoro, which are not a huge problem. It is fine for Flag of Crimea Crimea to take them because of the Crimean Succession Crisis. The Ottomans may get Flag of Crimea Crimea as a march through an event, or they may get a Subjugation casus belli.

There is a mission for conquering Caffa from Flag of Genoa Genoa but it is advised to pick it only after the Shadow Kingdom event happens, otherwise the Emperor will protect Genoa.

Flag of Georgia Georgia and Flag of Circassia Circassia should be annexed or vassalized before Flag of Qara Qoyunlu Qara Qoyunlu takes them.

A single successful war with Flag of Hungary Hungary ending by releasing Flag of Croatia Croatia, Flag of Transylvania Transylvania or Flag of Nitra Nitra may cripple them and be a stepping stone to conquer HRE lands. However a strong European ally will probably be required for this war. Flag of France France, Flag of Poland Poland,Flag of Bohemia Bohemia or even Flag of Muscovy Muscovy can decide to ally the Ottomans and help in the wars against the common enemy Flag of Austria Austria.

Another war target is Flag of Venice Venice to take its and its vassals' Balkan possessions - these are essential, otherwise Flag of Venice Venice will steal the trade income from Constantinople and Alexandria. The player should be careful and have a bigger navy than Venice and its allies together. The player can also wait until Flag of Venice Venice's rivals such as Flag of Austria Austria and Flag of Hungary Hungary attack them. This makes them even easier to take down.

After getting these possessions, the player will be much more powerful than their rival to the south, the Flag of Mamluks Mamluks. They can then be attacked to conquer the rich land of Egypt and the Holy Cities of Jerusalem, Mecca and Medina.

Orthodoxy Converting to Orthodox[edit | edit source]

Ottomans can convert to Orthodox in several ways:

  • The quickest way occurs prior to annexing any territory by sending a missionary to an Orthodoxy Orthodox province triggers enough unrest to create a possible rebellion. Ottomans are sufficiently Orthodox to be able to convert by accepting the rebels demands. However, if this is done the Ottomans lose out on the decision to make Constantinople the capital missing 11 development points. The upside is that Constantinople will not need to be converted.
  • A second way to convert and securing the extra 11 development from the make Constantinople the capital decision is by conquering Flag of Byzantium Byzantium and at least two of the four nations of Flag of Athens Athens and Flag of Albania Albania, Flag of Theodoro Theodoro, or Flag of Trebizond Trebizond. After Constantinople is secured and the decision clicked sending a missionary to any Orthodoxy Orthodox province with unrest below 0 will create a rebellion that will allow accepting demands to convert to Orthodox. Religious rebels generated in the province of Trebizond have the advantage of being able to force convert Anatolia while completing sieges on provinces. A rebel generated in Edirne or Kirkkilise are the closest to Constantinople and can force convert that province - which otherwise can not be converted until a combination of Patriarch authority.png patriarch authority, an inquisitor and Religious ideas are taken.
  • Both methods should be done prior to the annexation of the Anatolian Beyliks as the extra provinces will reduce the percentage of Orthodox.

Note, there are two handicaps to this as reduced Religious unity.pngreligious unity incurs a Corruption.png corruption penalty and initially Orthodox are unable to convert Sunni IslamSunni provinces.

If the Dhimmi estate has low loyalty, revoking the heathen provinces granted to them will spawn zealots of the province's religion. As soon as the game starts,the Impose New Religious Tax interaction from the Estate tab can be taken, reducing Dhimmi loyalty to 35. Many Orthodox provinces start out as belonging to the Dhimmi estate, and can be revoked after a year has passed. The Zealots spawned will convert every non-Orthodox province they occupy to OrthodoxyOrthodox if the occupied province is not within a fort's Zone of Control, including Konstantiniyye after Make Constantinople the Capital decision has been taken, if the fort in Edirne is destroyed.. Zealots will not be able to cross the strait to Anatolia as there are almost always AI ships in the Sea of Marmara. They instead will march all the way around the Black Sea until they are defeated in battle by a nation along the way, or arrive back into Ottoman lands. The player can annex Flag of Trebizond Trebizond and send a missionary to the province (as outlined above) after granting it to the Dhimmi estate, then revoke the estate ownership after a year if they wish to force convert Sunni IslamSunni Anatolia prior to switching to Orthodox.

But staying Sunni is also an option, because you will lose the amazing Ottoman Government form if you do choose to convert.

Coptic.png Converting to Coptic (outdated)[edit | edit source]

Conversion to Coptic is done fastest by taking the 3 Coptic provinces Van, Yerevan and Nakhchivan from Flag of Qara Qoyunlu Qara Qoyunlu. Converting to Coptic removes the unique government type from Ottomans.

Give those provinces to the Dhimmi estate, and spawn 3 Coptic rebel stacks by revoking those provinces a year later, after making the Dhimmi disloyal by asking for gold.

However, all Coptic holy sites are easily conquered, so the Ottomans will get the benefit of the five Coptic blessings very early on. (Does not work in 1.30 onward, as estates were changed drastically.)

Catholicism Converting to Catholic[edit | edit source]

Conversion to Catholic is also possible as the Ottomans. This can be done in an many ways however, the easier ways include securing either a Catholicism Catholic province from Flag of Bosnia Bosnia, Flag of Ragusa Ragusa, Sayuda from the Flag of Mamluks Mamluks or waiting for Flag of Athens Athens to convert its province and then securing it. However, as the amount of Catholic is small relative to the empire it will take a several years of waiting as a rebel stack forcibly converts provinces. However, this can be shortened by utilizing Dhimmi revolts. Note, there are two handicaps to this as reduced Religious unity.pngreligious unity incurs a Corruption.png corruption penalty and initially Catholics are unable to efficiently convert Sunni IslamSunni provinces.

Imperial authority.png Form Holy Roman Empire (Outdated)[edit | edit source]

After becoming Catholicism Catholic the Ottomans can be elected and can gain a lot of Imperial authority.png Imperial authority by adding all of their European provinces to the HRE, and passing several reforms. Call for Reichsreform may already have been passed before the Ottomans become emperor, so Institute Reichsregiment and Reform the Hofgericht may be passable. The Imperial authority.png Imperial authority tick from all of the new provinces in the empire will also allow you to pass the following reforms quickly. (Not Possible after 1.30 Patch)

Sunni Islam Staying Sunni[edit | edit source]

Many Orthodox provinces start out as belonging to the Dhimmi estate. Therefore, by conquering many European lands and putting Dhrimmi to your states, Dhrimmi should be influential and loyal to you. If the Dhimmi estate has high loyalty, -10 tech cost and tolerance are provided. The Impose New Religious Tax interaction from the Estate tab can be taken as the source of hiring advisers and war.

It is possible to get Italian states after the The Shadow Kingdom events by either vassalizing Italian and conquering Naples if Flag of Aragon Aragon loses it. This could get some easier institution process, as the colonization and printing press might be slow if the player conquer too much Asian lands.

Ideas[edit | edit source]

The choice of Ottomans are fairly diverse and can be approached in a number of ways. Given that the Ottomans can release and do re-conquest for Syria//Iraq and also can diplo-vassalize Fezzan and feed it north African land, taking Influence idea group.png Influence ideas that has reduced Diplomatic annexation cost diplomatic annexation cost. Later Diplomatic idea group.png Diplomatic ideas can be taken to more effectively reduce aggressive expansion by giving Province war score cost.png−20% province warscore cost and Improve relations.png Improve Relations so any AE quickly cools down.

Administrative idea group.png Administrative ideas are recommended as the Core-creation cost.png−25% core reduction cost can stack with the Core-creation cost.png−20% from Kanunnames. The lowered cost and maintenance of mercenaries will help the Ottomans to field a large force of mercenaries.

If the Ottomans choose to go Orthodoxy Orthodox, Coptic.png Coptic, or Catholicism Catholic, Religious idea group.png Religious ideas may be a good choice as Deus Vult yields the Holy War casus belli making the acquisition of territories east or south of the Ottomans free from the use of diplomatic power. This is especially strong with the Coptic.png Coptic faith as it will yield even more coring cost reduction, and a casus belli with nearly all neighbors (among other bonuses). Administrative idea group.png Administrative ideas may be required to manage the administrative power cost of coring all that land. The bonus Missionaries.png +1 missionary, Missionary strength.png +3% missionary strength and Missionary strength vs heretics.png+2% missionary strength vs heretics will be of great help in maintaining Ottomans' Religious unity.png religious unity.

If Ottomans stay Sunni, Humanist idea group.png Humanist idea group is usually the best option for handling rebels and fits well with an aggressive conquest style where Ottoman don't have time to convert all heathen provinces. The Ottoman traditions gives a +3 tolerance of heathens you can stack this with the +2 tolerance of heathens in this idea group. With that, you don't have any penalty to religious unity in heathen provinces. It also gives provinces for the Dhimmi estate, which can be quite lucrative.

It has the be noted however that a military idea group isn't important in the early game because of the Anatolian tech group, which gives The Ottomans extra unit pips compared to the Western nations. In the late game, at military tech 19 (for infantry) and tech 18 (for cavalry) The Ottoman units will have less unit pips compared to the western tech group. Ottomans should get more military idea for further aggression.

Offensive idea group.png Offensive ideas shine with good generals and siege ability with Ottomans' tendency to often be at war and having high military tradition Aristocratic idea group.png Aristocratic idea with Anatolian troops could be strong early game, helpful in putting military points into other areas, such as extra manpower, extra diplomat to annex vassals, Monthly autonomy change to counterbalance Lighten Dhimmi Tax Burden, keeping military traditions high and getting an extra siege pip are very good to keep the Ottomans as an unbeatable military force. Quantity idea group.png Quantity idea could solve later on manpower problem while Quality idea group.png Quality idea solves the each single battle.

Achievements[edit | edit source]

Definitely the Sultan of Rum icon
Own and have cores on Rome, Moscow and Istanbul as Ottomans or Rum.
Parisian Pasha icon
Assign Pasha to Paris.
Country guides

Central African technology group Central African.png Kuba.png KubaMutapa.png Mutapa
East African technology group East African.png Ethiopia.png EthiopiaMogadishu.png Mogadishu
Muslim technology group Muslim.png The Mamluks.png MamluksMorocco.png MoroccoTlemcen.png TlemcenTunis.png Tunis
West African technology group West African.png Air.png AirMali.png Mali

Eastern technology group Eastern.png Jerusalem.png Jerusalem Karabakh.png Karabakh
Muslim technology group Muslim.png Afghanistan.png Afghanistan Ajam.png Ajam Arabia.png Arabia Ardabil.png Ardabil Hisn Kayfa.png Hisn Kayfa Hormuz.png Hormuz Oman.png Oman Mushasha.png Mushasha Timurids.png Timurids Qara Qoyunlu.png Qara Qoyunlu
Indian technology group Indian.png Assam.png Assam Bahmanis.png Bahmanis Bengal.png Bengal Orissa.png Orissa
Chinese technology group Chinese.png Bali.png Bali Brunei.png Brunei Dai Viet.png Dai Viet Japan.png Japan Khmer.png Khmer Korea.png Korea Majapahit.png Majapahit Malaya.png Malaya Pagarruyung.png Pagarruyung Pasai.png Pasai Sunda.png Sunda
Nomadic technology group Nomadic.png Jianzhou.png Jianzhou Uzbek.png Uzbek Mongolia.png Mongolia

Western technology group Western.png United States.png United States
Mesoamerican technology group Mesoamerican.png Maya.png Maya
North American technology group North American.png Caddo.png Caddo Cherokee.png Cherokee Iroquois.png Iroquois

Andean technology group Andean.png Chachapoya.png Chachapoya Cusco.png Cusco Muisca.png Muisca
South American technology group South American.png Mapuche.png Mapuche

  1. Custom tooltip for Yoklama: See the end of the Janissary Coup disaster