- −15% Mercenary maintenance
- +1 Diplomatic reputation
- +1 Yearly prestige
- +1% Missionary strength
- +0.3 Yearly republican tradition
- +1 Merchant
- +5% Global trade power
- +20% National manpower modifier
- +1 Yearly navy tradition
- +15% Privateer efficiency
- −20% Light ship cost
- +20% Fort defense
Novgorod is the trading merchant republic of the Russian peoples. Novgorod was the original capital of the Rus, until it was transferred to Kiev in 882. After the Novgorodian uprising of 1136 against its prince, Vsevolod Mstislavich, a unique form of government, known as "boyar republic" or "merchant republic", was established in the city. The Novgorodian republic gradually expanded north and east, and continued to prosper as a center of trade, mainly in fur. While it was mostly spared the terror of Mongol invasion that befell the rest of Russia between 1223 and 1240, it still had to pay tribute to the Khan. The republic continued to be relatively prosperous, but its sovereignty was being gradually undermined by the more and more powerful Muscovite princes; first by the Treaty of Yazhelbitsy in 1456, then after the disastrous Battle of Shelon in 1471. Novgorod was fully annexed by Moscow in 1478, after Ivan III sent his armies against the city. Novgorod continued to be an important city within the Muscovite and subsequently Russian state until the famine of 1560s and the Massacre of Novgorod in 1570, when Ivan the Terrible slaughtered thousands of inhabitants, ransacked the city, and had its elite killed or deported. From a city that once rivaled Moscow, Novgorod was reduced to a provincial town.
- 1 Missions
- 2 Events
- 3 Decisions
- 4 Strategy
- 5 Achievements
- Main article: Novgorodian missions
Novgorod's unique events are listed in.
Civil War in Novgorod
Please help with verifying or updating this infobox. It was last verified for version 1.25.
The 14th century witnessed the start of Novgorod's long struggle with Moscow for supremacy. Internecine disputes among the republic's leaders weakened it in the face of growing Muscovite strength. Although it became a vassal of Moscow after the Muscovite invasions in 1456 and 1470, Novgorod was allowed to retain its self-government. It was not until 1478 that it came under Moscow's complete control and lost its freedom. Novgorod retained its commercial position until St. Petersburg was built in 1703.
||Mean time to happen
Support Merchant Faction
Support Noble Faction
Support Peasant Faction
Form Russian Nation
If the country is AI-controlled, then it:
Russia does not exist
If is Novgorod:
If the country:
With no allies and the imminent threat of Muscovite invasion, Novgorod must get as many allies/vassals as it can, and quickly. A Statesman advisor will help a great deal. If none is available, fire the other advisors until a statesman becomes available ( Common Sense DLC is required). The stronger the army, the more likely it is that powerful nations will agree to become an ally. Novgorod can afford to maintain an army up to its force limit. Improving relationships with potential allies helps as well. Immediately returning Velsk will delay the Muscovite invasion slightly giving you more time to get allies, though this is not necessary.
Novgorod should choose the same rivals as its potential allies and find allies among the rivals of its enemies. For example, Poland often rivals the Teutonic Order. If Novgorod declares the Teutons as its rival and improves relations with Poland, they might accept an alliance. Also, the Great Horde is a natural enemy of the Muscovites, so the player is likely to be able to secure an alliance after improving relations.
Surviving from Muscovy
One strategy that the player can adapt is by allying to the (steppe nomad that rival Muscovy which may include Great Horde or Kazan. By promising lands, these countries are likely to accept your offensive call of arm, which will allow you to declare an early reconquest war against the Muscovites. Go to your force limit and build mercenaries (free company is a good choice). Siege down the war goal and as many capitals as possible (particuarly Moscow and the capital of Perm), as well as picking off small stacks from Muscovites vassals when possible. One way that player may consider is to station your troops close to Pskov and Beloozeroso that the player can take down the small stacks from them as early as day 1 of the war. Also, placing 1k army to your ally's territory and allowing friendly troops to attach to your army will allow you to maneuver your ally's army to siege down the capital/ take down enemy stacks to your favor. Great Horde will peace out if they are sieged down by the Muscovite armies, taking their negative war score away. Be sure to peace out as soon as possible and ideally taking as many of your core provinces (4 in total) back from Perm and Muscovy if possible as this will allow you to finish the first mission( Third Rome DLC is required), giving you claims on many provinces in the Russian region. Alternatively, the player may also adapt this plan of attack if he/she is declared by Muscovy early on.
Alternatively, the player can, in certain scenarios, secure the alliance with Poland before Muscovy declaring on the player. This will be sufficient to deter Muscovy from declaring a war against the player. The player can wait until 10 favors are gained with his/her allies, and declare a war on Muscovy. However, even if this alliance cannot be secured before the first war, it is likely that Poland will turn friendly after improving relations, thus this strategy can still be adapted in the subsequent wars.
If Novgorod decides to annex Muscovy and become Russia, it can be done with the help of allies in several wars. In the final war, Novgorod can choose to vassalize Muscovy, which can be useful if other nations have taken land from it. Returning cores produces less aggressive expansion making conquest and unrest not issues. However, Muscovy will have great liberty desire, since it is a historic rival of Novgorod and previous wars have most likely reduced trust between nations. If Novgorod forms Russia, historic rivalry with Muscovy is removed, and with it the liberty desire.
Another thing that will help is to begin a fort in Kargopol on day 1 to block access to your backyard. Take out loans until you can build this fort and max your force limit. Forcing Muscovy to siege forts helps drain their manpower, while also preventing the war score from sliding too quickly.
Expansion outside Muscovy
While alliances are pursued, Novgorod can scavenge. For example, in the early game Tver has no allies and can be rivaled and subsequently conquered. The Muscovites may vassalize or declare on Tver before the player has the chance to attack them, though. Also, if the Livonian Order does not rival Novgorod, it may agree to become an ally. If it is hostile, it will likely ally with the Teutons, and if Poland or Denmark attack the Teutons or Livonians, they will weaken the Livonian Order. This can allow the player to take provinces from Livonian Order or Riga for expansion into the Baltic Sea trade.
Mid-game challenges and prospects
Particularities of any middle game may vary greatly, therefore this chapter examines the most common themes.
Big merchant republic?
Patch 1.30 introduces governing capacity, as well as greatly changes the mechanics of merchant republic and trade company region. In patch 1.30,Veche Republic, the government form adapted by Novgorod, will no longer have the republican tradition penalty after owning 20 fully cored (in a state) provinces. Instead, Merchant republics will
1. Receive an extra +25% governing capacity cost for a fully cored province.
Moreover, provinces can now be assigned to trade company even at trade node including Lübeck, North Sea and English Channel, further increasing trade power in the European region. Thus, the playstyle of merchant republic encourages expansion via trade company and emphasises on the proper management of governing capacity. While this is not a problem for income, as tax and production for Novgorod is far less important than trade (which suffers less from the 90% Local Autonomy cap), this severely limits manpower and force limit for army. This makes Novgorod reliant on allies to help expand further.
To solve these issues, Novgorod can try to switch government type to avoid the problem of fixed duchy rank. One way for government switch is to change the tier 1 govnerment reform at the cost of 50 reform progress to Plutocracy, which retains most of the upsides of Veche Republic except that plutocracy allows upgrading to kingdom and empire at the cost of giving up the Russian interaction panel. Alternatively, the government can be changed to dictatorship. Fastest way to drop republican tradition is to reelect the same ruler and to add all provinces to states. Low republican tradition will fire an event to become a monarchy (if the Res Publica DLC is active).
Note that Novgorod can form its own trade league from local one province minors such as Odoyev, Riga and later to wealthy free cities including Lübeck and Hamburg (requires Mare Nostrum DLC). This will increase good produced and trade steering power of Novgorod. Note that trade league helps with defense and income, but not with expansion.
After the defeat of Muscovy and perhaps taking some land from the Great Horde, Novgorod can get all the necessary provinces to form Russia. Apart from listed benefits, Novgorod can choose to keep its trade oriented ideas, or adopt more expansionist standard Russian ideas. This decision will change government type to Tsardom but will not prevent the player from getting the Frozen Assets achievement.
To get this achievement, the White Sea trade node must be the most valuable trade node in the world and Novgorod must have at least 90% trade power there. Note that this achievement is triggered based on retained value, not total value - if some trade is diverted away from the White Sea, this can mean the difference between the achievement triggering and not.
The trade capital of Novgorod must be moved to the White Sea trade node, which requires Wealth of Nations DLC. Before New World and Africa colonization, it is easy to make White Sea trade node the most valuable, especially if Novgorod has gotten trade and plutocratic ideas. Even after colonization, it is still possible, as almost all Asian trade can be forced to flow through the White Sea, but doing this will require the player to conquer parts of Asia, which can include China, Indian and Persian region.
To achieve 90% trade power, Novgorod has to protect trade with a large fleet of light ships and/or increase control in North Sea trade node, usually by taking territories from Norway and Scotland and assigning provinces to trade company (Wealth of Nations DLC required). To increase trade power and force limit, all provinces in the White Sea and North Sea trade nodes can be states (not territories) and have low autonomy. Embargoing competing nations can help too.
If the player forms Russia and owns Soroka (313), then England will get the Muscovy Trade Company event that gives them +20 trade power in the White Sea until the end of the game. To deal with this, either remain as Novgorod until the achievement is earned, or destroy England entirely, or release Soroka as a trade city before forming Russia (Wealth of Nations DLC required) or build yet more light ships to keep your trade power high.
- If the country is not orthodox, the tsardom reform is removed immediately.