MEIOU and Taxes
- 1 MEIOU and Taxes, Introduction
- 2 Concepts and Mechanics
- 3 Country-Specific Features
- 4 External links
MEIOU and Taxes, Introduction
Summary of New Features
- Historically accurate map with 4000+ provinces and 900+ nations
- Five hundred years of history, from 1356 to 1856
- Dynamic province development (divided in urban and rural) based on dynamic population, buildings and other factors
- Estates which gain money based on province autonomy, train troops and spend money
- Communication Efficiency: province modifier affecting how quickly your orders can be brought to each province from your capital, that can be improved with roads and ports.
- Reworked religion mechanics with Dharper’s Dei Gratia, including church councils, reformation and league wars
- New internal country mechanics: stability, court and education quality, centralization, subject integration. Autonomy, inflation, corruption come to an equilibrium value
- Plagues, looting, war dynamism, timber system, rebalanced revolts
- Urban production goods, reworked trade and colonization
- 40 new idea groups, new national ideas, mission trees and flavor events
- Local flavor: Serenissima Italia, Japan mechanics, Low Countries mechanics, HRE Defense System
- Unique musical score composed by ciadude2
MEIOU and Taxes was born from the merging of two EUIII mods, MEIOU and Death & Taxes. MEIOU was created by Gigau in January 2007. What started of as a “simple” map mod for CK-EUII-Vicky mega-campaigns quickly grew to be a content extension mod adding flavour to EUIII. Death and Taxes was created by Lukew in 2011. The goal of D&T was to improve gameplay by reworking mechanics.
- Gigau: Co-founder
- Lukew: Co-founder
- Sun Wu
Frequently Asked Questions
- Do I need any DLC to play M&T?
- As a rule, no DLC is required to play the mod. Common Sense is useful to have, because it enables the “province interaction button”. Those without DLC have other ways of accessing the same menu.
- What does MEIOU and Taxes mean?
- The first part is a play on the old Habsburg motto AEIOU, Austria est imperare orbi universo, which means "It is Austria's destiny to rule the world". By changing the first word to mihi, the phrase becomes "It is my destiny to rule the world". The second part is based on a quote from Benjamin Franklin: "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."
Dei Gratia is a mod to enhance religion in the age of faith and reason and was coded by dharper.
Serenissima Italia (SI) is an overhaul mod for the whole Italian peninsula. The goal is to create a deeper, more flavourful and historically plausible Italy. It was coded by Marco Dandolo
A mod with the aim to make Ming game-play more reasonable and interesting with the improved Faction System. We are in the process of improving China and also its neighbours in order to represent the Sino-sphere in a more historically plausible way. Our design philosophy is to make mod vanilla friendly and balanced (no total overhaul done here). Coded by Chatnoir17
- East Asian Advisor Portraits by Koramei
- More Shipnames Mod by Hamaja
- The Riches of Africa by Hellwyr
- Translucent Colored Mapmodes by Negi
- Historical Events Extended by Voffvoohunden
- Purple Phoenix Arise by Dorimi, Myrkul, Shnipe, and Inimucus
- Divide et Imperia by Einfall
- Additional Titles and Governments by Kaigon
- Medieval Universalis by Tunch Khan
- Lex Talionis II by jnt.mullen
- ncaparcp - Japan Fixes
- Vorondil - Ostsiedlung feature
- tealjaker94 and demanvanwezel for the Brandenburg flavor
- Tze-Chiang Lim - Graphics
- neondt - Hyprepremium Neon Collection
- Alvya - War Dynamism feature
- Bersun - Turkish Translation
- Boies00 - Advisor GUI Fix for x768
- Clym Smith - Illustration in the Logo
- Futomato - Flag Designer
- Jabbate - Mesoamerican mod
- Leon Brown - Logo Design
- Niallmcfc - Province Name Change Event
- Rebelito - Better UI mod
- Solo Adhemar - Flag Designs
- TheRedSpectre - Loading Screens
- Tinholt - Technical Support
- Trin Tragula - Parts of the Indian Map
- lei saarlainen
Concepts and Mechanics
Rules of Reformation
From time to time, players ask how the Reformation works. I often give simplified answers, because the truth is - it's complicated. My modding philosophy is that I want to take real, historical events and outcomes, then figure out why they happened and generalize them into an event or mechanic that could occur to any country that meets the same conditions. For this reason, the Netherlands aren't guaranteed to become Reformed, nor is England guaranteed to become Protestant or Spain guaranteed to stay Catholic! However, unless they radically diverge from history - say, by England winning the Hundred Years War, or the Netherlands never falling under foreign control - you often (but not always) get historical results. How does it work? The system is complex, but basically breaks down to a few rules that it tries to follow. Each is based on the experiences of different countries during the Reformation, from Naples to Ireland and from Spain to Hungary. Together, they achieve plausible but dynamic results...and weird games, yes. It's possible to see Catholic Sweden and Protestant Italy show up in your games. I try to avoid that kind of thing, but I dislike removing all agency from the AI, so you're going to get strange result sometimes (and sometimes they even make sense!). Here are the most important rules:
The Spread of Humanism and Church Corruption
The further north a country is, the more likely it is to convert to Protestant. Where Italy and Spain saw only strife if they turned their backs on the Papacy, England and Sweden had long been estranged from it. They saw clearly the corruption of the Church, and the opportunities from converting. The Renaissance begins in Rome around 1370, then spreads out of Rome and from Catholic provinces adjacent to Muslim ones (e.g. Spain), one province at a time, until it finally reaches northern Europe in the early 16th century. As it spreads, provinces and countries get a choice of whether to side with the Church or support Humanism (provinces invisibly choose based on church corruption, while countries do so visibly in an event). As it mentions in the event, supporting Humanism will encourage Protestantism later on. The AI is coded to only support humanism if they have suffered church corruption, however - something which happens randomly over time. Because of this, countries close to Rome, or those near Muslims (Italy and Castille) tend to stay Catholic, while those in northern Europe (England and Scandinavia) tend to convert to Protestant. This helps to reflect the trend that northern European nations felt cut off from the Papacy and often suffered more from church corruption than places closer to its center. Bottom line: if you're in northern Europe, your provinces are going to want to convert (and all your neighbours will).
The 95 Theses and the Printing Press
Provinces and countries that share a common culture or region with the birthplace of the Reformation tend to convert. Lutheranism spread across Germany rapidly, in large part thanks to the role of the printing press. Luther's criticisms of the Church were written in the common vernacular, often supported by drawings for the illiterate, and were easy to understand compared to the Latin the Church used to oppose him. Although translations did emerge, they were slower to appear and often came from foreign lands, making Lutheranism more suspect. The 95 Theses event immediately makes many provinces in the same region or sharing the same culture group far more likely to become Protestant, and the same with countries of that culture group. If the Reformer appears in Wittenburg, then Northern Germany will be likely to become Protestant. If he appears instead in Milan, then northern Italy instead will embrace Lutheranism. The location of the 95 Theses is dynamic but random. The Reformer can appear almost anywhere, but within rules: he can only appear in provinces that have embraced humanism (and so have suffered Church abuses) - which means this rule is unlikely to have a huge effect in most games (but see rule #3) unless you happen to get 'lucky' and end up with him appearing in a place which has mostly sided with the Church, like Brittany or Navarra. So where will he appear? The most likely place is in the Holy Roman Empire, but not simply because it's the HRE. The game tries to find a province that reflects the historical Wittenburg: a place in which the Elector of Saxony would be likely to side with Luther as a thorn in the side of his liege, the Holy Roman Emperor. In game terms, it looks for a medium-sized country that has suffered Church abuses, does not control cardinals, owes fealty in some way to a more powerful country, and is biased towards appearing within a human player's territory (because the game is, after all, about YOU having fun and experiencing events!) Bottom line: if the Reformer appears next to you, it will be easier to convert and harder to stay Catholic.
The Appeal to the (German) Nobility
Most countries won't convert to Protestant until the Peasants War ends. If the Reformer is executed before this, countries will reject Protestantism and become more likely to convert to Reformed instead, if they convert at all. The Peasants War was seen by many as the obvious outcome of supporting heresy. When Luther emerged in response to declare the German princes divinely appointed, it was a signal to them that the new heresy could be used by the state - not just as a bargaining chip or by fanatics, but as a tool to centralize power. This rule is the flip side of rule #2. There are several opportunities for the Reformer to die. He could be simply sent to Rome for trial, or could be placed on trial in his home country, found guilty and executed. His protector might back down and hand him over to the authorities. Or he could be caught by soldiers and dragged from his hiding place in the middle of a war. Either way, if he dies before the Peasants War ends, he will never get the chance to appeal to the nobility. Protestantism will be seen as a radical faith both by rulers (who will not want to convert) and by the population at large (who will see radical revolution as their only way to embrace reform). In this scenario, provinces and countries affected by the Reformer directly (see rule 2) become more likely to stay Catholic, or convert to Reformed if they are going to convert. In these scenarios, Protestantism can end up being a small minority, while Reformed becomes a much larger presence in Europe than it did historically. Bottom line: if the Reformer dies, expect to see a lot of Reformed provinces in his homeland.
Centralization of Power
Provinces belonging to your state culture are likely to follow your ruler's example. The king of Sweden and Elector of Saxony had few problems converting their people to Lutheranism. However, while the Archduke of Austria was able to force Protestants out of Austria, he failed to keep control over them in Bohemia or Hungary. When the Reformation begins, countries get one last chance to signal which way they wish to go in the Reformation: stay Catholic or embrace Protestantism. When you choose your side, you are also having an invisible but powerful effect on your country: provinces of your primary culture from the 'wrong' side become very likely to support your monarch's decision instead. Later events, such as the Jesuits for Catholics and the Magisterial Reformation for Protestants, follow similar rules - they will spread your state religion within your culture group, but not outside it. For the most part, this means that small, unified states can avoid many troubles at all during the Reformation - but large, multiethnic empires? They follow the French model...which isn't pretty. Bottom line: Small states can convert freely - go ahead and make Milan Protestant!
The Birth of Nationalism
Provinces belonging to a different culture group and those cut off from your capital become likely to oppose you, no matter which religion you choose. When England converted to Anglican, many Irish Catholics became even more fervent in their religion as a way to distinguish themselves from their hated occupiers. Meanwhile, many Dutch saw the Reformed Church as a way of throwing off the Spanish yoke. This rule is the flip side of rule #4. Provinces belonging to a different culture group are likely to side against you in the Reformation, while provinces cut off from your capital (exclaves) are also likely. Provinces that fit both criteria become almost certain to do so! There is also a related event which makes small countries likely to convert to Reformed if they border larger Catholic countries that own provinces of their culture, spreading it - and unrest - among their brethren at the same time, in hopes of throwing off your yoke. Bottom line: Multiethnic empires are going to suffer a lot of religious turmoil, no matter what they choose. Hope you can avoid a War of Religion.
God's Judgment on the Church
Provinces owned by heathens are likely to embrace the Reformed faith. The fall of Hungary came as a shock to the Christians living there. Many of them saw their occupation by the Turks as Divine Judgment against the Church - and the Turks had no reason to fight heresy among their heathen subjects as long as they paid their taxes. Calvinism spread rapidly through Hungary, especially in the parts controlled by the Ottomans. Provinces owned by non-Christians become very likely to convert to Reformed, especially if their owner decides to support the Reformation (which they often do if they rival a Catholic country). Unfortunately, this often doesn't happen in the game - the Turks rarely occupy enough of Europe to have many Catholic provinces - but it's still a rule that occasionally comes up, and in theory could apply in other situations - a resurgent pagan Lithuania, for example. It occasionally also shows up when a Crusader state in Greece converts a province to Catholic, then gets conquered - something I should really fix. Bottom line: If the Turks conquer Hungary, you'll see a lot of Reformed Hungarians.
The Radical Reformation
When countries oppose moderate Protestants, radical Reformed Christians appear instead. When the Scottish rejected Lutheranism, they sent many Reformers into exile on the continent - where they mingled with Zwingli and Calvin and returned in triumph to drive out the monarchy and institute a Reformed Church of Scotland. Meanwhile, in France, the king's refusal to countenance Lutheranism meant that it was driven underground, where the Huguenots found fertile ground for the Reformed faith. Protestantism only appears in large numbers where it's wanted, or at least tolerated. When Reformers saw no legitimate way to gain a voice, they sometimes turned to more extremist views. In the 16th century, the works of Zwingli or Calvin were considered radical by many Lutherans (and we haven't even gotten into the Anabaptists!). When countries choose to reject the Reformation entirely, provinces that would ordinarily have spawned Lutheran minorities will instead spawn Reformed ones. Bottom line: Got humanist provinces and want to avoid Protestants? You'll get Reformed Christians instead.
A Leap of Faith, or the Great Experiment
Smaller countries, especially republics, are far more likely to convert to Reformed than larger states. When Jean Calvin was chased out of France, it was the city of Geneva that welcomed him and his radical ideas. The Reformed faith is more democratic than Lutheranism, which emphasizes the ruler's rightful place as head of the Church. In general, most rulers of 16th century Europe saw the Reformed Church as a heresy that ought to be stomped out. Although many would eventually change their minds, in the beginning major states are very unlikely to convert to Reformed. Instead, smaller countries will do - either because their provinces have involuntarily converted, or because they have suffered a revolt. Once this happens, more countries will join the Reformed faith, but mostly smaller ones which have few provinces to convert. Republics, who already embrace radical new ideas such as voting, are much more likely to allow a radical reformer to preach in their lands, and so become Reformed. Bottom line: Want to become Reformed early? Change to a republic.
- Many new triggered modifiers representing specific statuses of your country, including possessing holy lands for your religion, a centralisation meter giving both maluses and benefits to high versus low centralisation
- Totally reworked development system which develops based on factors affecting your nation (such as policies, buildings, war, stability, and innate development bonuses)
- New westernization mechanic available for Eastern, Turkish, Muslim, and Indian tech groups.
- New and reworked religions with Dei Gratia, new crusade, papal, and reformation mechanics
- War dynamism allowing the taking of provinces during war if certain conditions are met if you are doing well (cores, china, ottomans)
- Communication efficiency mechanic which relies on local autonomy modifiers to represent how much control a state truly has over its country.
Substantially changed mechanics
- Coring: While M&T still requires the player to click the button to begin coring that part is very cheap and takes many years, instead coring is mostly done via events which require coring in progress. The event has two different phases, one where there is no modifier and when it fires it applies a modifier called Gaining Control which gives roughly half the bonuses of a core. When the event fires for a second time it clears the modifier and adds a proper core.
- Colonization is much slower but happens over a larger area at once
- Ideas: Many, many new idea groups, including advanced idea groups and idea groups which have prerequisites before being able to take them.
- States: Significantly less states than in vanilla to represent the difficulty of controlling a large empire
France, between Bourguignons and Armagnacs
Sweden Civil War
Castile Civil War
A Bit of History
Basically, to make a long story short, Alfonso XI, the king of Castile until 1350, was married to Maria of Portugal and had a mistress Leonor de Guzmán, each leading a faction of the court, the former close to Portugal, the latter to Aragon. With Maria, he had Pedro de Borgoña. With Leonor, among ten children, he had Enrique de Trastamara. Quickly after becoming king, Pedro I had to contend with the high nobility stirring some rebellion led by Henri de Trastamara, especially after Pedro I had Leonor de Guzmàn arrested and killed. I'll step past the first phase which involved the former chancellor João Alfonso de Albuquerque, given he was poisonned in Medina del Campo in 1354. In 1356, Pedro I used a maritime incident between Aragonese and Genoese fleets to declare the War of the Two Pedros against Pedro el Ceremonioso of Aragon. Henri de Trastamara and his army side with Aragon. This second phase ends with the Treaty of Terrer in may 1361, as a draw. Captured areas are given back to their previous owners, although Enrique is compelled to seek refuge in France. During the third phase, the civil war really becomes international. To begin with, with the suspicious death of Blanche de Bourbon, wife of Pedro I of Castile and sister-in-law to Charles V of France, relations between Castile and France drop. Enrique de Trastamara has an easy time asking for French help, especially given that it would help secure the southern borders for when Charles V attempts to reclaim the lands lost with the Treaty of Bretigny. In 1366, Enrique de Trastamara and Bertrand du Guesclin enter Castile through La Rioja and march on towards Burgos, Toledo and Sevilla. This prompts Pedro I to seek refuge in Guyenne to ask the Black Prince to sign the Treaty of Libourne. The Black Prince soundly defeats Enrique in Nàjera, sends hin back in exile and restores Pedro I on the throne. But after waiting for some time for his due, his army suffering from cold, malaria and dysenteria, the Black Prince retruns to Guyenne. Enrique and Bertrand du Guesclin come back and conquer Castille and Leòn. In 1369, at the Battle if Montiel, Pedro I is captured. The two stepbrothers, Enrique and Pedro fight each other, possibly not in the most fair duel of History. Pedro dies to the hand of Enrique, who is now king of Castille as Enrique II. The end of the civil war has severe repercussion also to the north : the Black Prince comes back to Guyenne victorious, but broke. To pay his troops, he is forced to levy more taxes. Nobles like Jean d'Armagnac who didn't agree with the change of overlordship linked to the Treaty of Bretigny take the opportunity to ask Charles V for help. With the help of the fleet of his new ally and the destruction of the English fleet at La Rochelle, Charles V reconquers much of the English holdings on the Continent, basically negating the Treaty of Bretigny. The added bonus was that Charles de Navarre, stuck between a pro-French Castile and a French reconquest of Guyenne, closed his Normand ports to the English.
Civil War as a Disaster
In MEIOU and Taxes, Castile (CAS) starts at war with Aragon (ARA) and Trastamara (ENR). As soon as the setup event fires, CAS gets a disaster (or more accuratly, a time of trouble). During this disaster, CAS has a low unrest boost, and some chance of getting nobles rebelling.
Ending the Civil War
The nation who keeps his ruler or manages to gain a personal union over the other is declared winner and inherits the other one. If ENR is the winner, it then becomes CAS. Given that there is a lot of randomness implied, given that it depends on the death of the ruler, if the player is playing the losing nation, he has the opportunity to switch tag to the opposite nation.