- +20% Global trade power
- +50% Improve relations
- −10% Stability cost modifier
- +15% Infantry combat ability
- −15% Galley cost
- +20% Galley combat ability
- +33% National manpower modifier
- +15% National tax modifier
- +1 Yearly prestige
- −25% Core-creation cost
- +20% Fort defense
Italy is one of the formable countries that can be formed by any country with a Latin culture group. Unlike other Catholic countries, Italy does not get a penalty for owning the province of Roma or being the overlord of the Papal States.
- Main article: Italian missions
Form Italian Nation
Italy does not exist.
If the country is AI-controlled then it:
If the country:
Any nation on the Italian peninsula is a viable option for forming Italy. The most powerful states which hold provinces necessary to form Italy in 1444 are Florence, which can easily form Tuscany and expand from there; Milan, which begins the game with among the highest-developed provinces in Europe and can soon adopt the unique Ambrosian Republic government type, and Venice and Genoa, two powerful merchant republics in northern Italy with holdings elsewhere in the Mediterranean. Naples starts off in a personal union under Aragon, but can quickly make powerful allies, reclaim its independence and its Sicilian cores, and find itself the most powerful force on the peninsula. Savoy is also an option, with the potential to ally France and gain a power base in the Genoa trade node before forming Sardinia-Piedmont and, as in history, going on to unify the peninsula.
Italy is a very strong nation. Positioned to dominate both the Genoa and Venician trade nodes, a powerful Italy with even a modest trade fleet is poised to completely control 2 of the top three earning nodes in the early game. The English node only outstrips Genoa once fully fledged colonial nations come online, and the severe lack of Chinese merchants always neuters the Beijing node.
To top off this incredible mercantile power, Italy has a ridiculous concentration of high development provinces. If the player can leverage their early game into a monarch point lead, they will soon have a foot hold in France, Tunisia, and the Balkans. With Infantry combat ability on land, and the generous Galley power at sea, Italian ideas are more than modestly equipped with fighting prowess.
Italian blobbing ability is also nothing to be scoffed at, with the prized Core-Creation Cost Reduction and the little seen Improve Relations modifier. This latter seemingly innocuous tradition is by no means useless - Improve Relations modifiers are the only way to increase the speed at which Aggressive Expansion decays.
With the complete development of the Italian region, it will take relatively little expansion after formation to meet the 1000 development requirement for Empire. While the culture bonuses will be unlikely to benefit coring, as the Italian Peninsula will likely have been united long before Empire status, such rapidity at upgrading to Empire will open up the culture spots for future expansion and coring - a not inconsiderable benefit.
If these benefits were not enough to amaze, one only need compare the Italian concentration of development to the wide steppe plains. That is, the ease of travel from province to province, and the constant option to transport by water, allows for both quick repositioning for wars on multiple fronts, and also neutralizes much of the hassle of rebels.