French Revolution

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French Revolution icon
French Revolution
The French people have risen to overthrow the monarchs that once ruled their country.

The French Revolution[1] is a Disaster.pngdisaster in Flag of France France during the Age of Revolutions.png ‘Age of Revolutions’. The counterpart of the Revolution.png revolution disaster of all other countries.

Prerequisites[edit]

This country:

and the revolution target does not exist.

If these prerequisites are met, the monthly progress can begin.

Monthly progress starts if Monthly progress halts if

It is currently the Age of Revolutions.png ‘Age of Revolutions’.
Flag of France France:

  • does not have an ongoing disaster.
  • has at least 30 cities.

At least one of the following is true for Flag of France France:

Monthly progress Flag of France France
+1.0% has a prestige of less than 0.
+1.0% has a war exhaustion of at least 5.
+0.5% has at least 10 but less than 25 loans.
+1.0% has at least 25 loans.
+2.0% is bankrupt.
at least one of the following is true:
  • has an ongoing disaster.
  • has a stability of 3.

Start[edit]

If the progress reaches 100%, the disaster will start with the following event:

id

Msg event.pngThe General Estates


The Treaty of Versailles in 1783 was a success for France and revenge from previous defeats. However, it did nothing to ease the financial problems but rather increased the burden of debts. The success of the American independence movement also reinforced criticism of the regime. The 1786 commercial treaty with Britain was followed by a sharp decline in domestic industrial production, a very severe famine resulting from bad harvests, unrest and finally public bankruptcy in 1788. The King was forced to recall the Estates General, a feat unseen since 1626. On 5th May 1789, the Estates General convened at Versailles and soon pronounced itself a National Assembly (17th June), pledging to stay until they devised a constitution. Louis XVI acknowledged the changes in the situation, but the dismissal of his popular finance minister Necker and troop concentrations in the suburbs prompted the Paris masses to storm the state prison of La Bastille on 14th July 1789. The French...


 
This event happens only once during a campaign.
Trigger conditions
  • None
Is triggered only by

the start of the ‘French Revolution’ disaster.


Immediate effects
  • Flag of France France loses Icon stability.png3 stability.
  • Revolutionary rebels.png Revolutionaries (size 3) rise up in revolt and occupy a random non-capital province of France with a castle.
  • Revolutionary rebels.png Revolutionaries (size 3) rise up in revolt in the capital of France.
  • Revolutionary rebels.png Revolutionaries gain +10% progress until next uprising.

Event button 547.png
Dire times are ahead of us

Flag of France France:

  • loses Prestige.png10 prestige.

While the disaster is ongoing, Flag of France France gets:

  • National unrest.png +10 national unrest,
  • Stability cost modifier.png +10% stability cost modifier.

Also the following Msg event.pngevents are triggered by a monthly pulse.

Monthly events[edit]

id

Msg event.pngThe French Revolution: Republican Monarchy


On 5th May 1789 the General Estates met at Versailles. The different sections of the French society were somewhat divided on issues and couldn't agree. Only farmers wanted a social reform, while both noblemen and bourgeois could accept a partial social reform. However, that both financial and constitutional reform was needed was beyond doubt to all members. At first the king tried counteracting initiatives to produce a constitutional and social reform, but on 11th July he had to face facts and issued the popular minister of finance, Necker, to create a good proposal for financial reform. Unfortunately the farmers and petty bourgeois were held outside the negotiation as Necker believed them to crave impossible social concessions. While refining the final Constitution and signing the Financial reform, the effects of the government's denial to subside the bread prices was seen on the streets of Paris. The king ordered in troops, but the soldiers refused to shoot at th...


 
This event happens only once during a campaign.
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

At least 1 of the following is true:

  • A revolution has happened in the world.
  • The Art of War.png ‘Art of War’ DLC is enabled.
Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
A Revolution has struck us!

All revolutionaries in France will be disbanded.

If Flag of France France has a stability of less than +3,
  • then it gains Icon stability.png1 stability,
  • else it gains Administrative power.png50 administrative power.

Flag of France France:

The current ruler of France dies.

Random events[edit]

The weight that no event is triggered is 1000 and for each monthly event it is 100.

id

Msg event.pngThe Reign of Terror


As Robespierre's militantly radical faction was brought to power in the People's Assembly, a campaign to root out the 'Enemy within' started. Mass arrests of 'thought-to-be' royalist sympathizers were followed by the September massacres, after which Madame Guillotine was held warm by the blood of the people.


 
This event happens only once during a campaign.
Trigger conditions
  • None
Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
Execute the enemies of the Revolution!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Army tradition.png0.5 army tradition.
  • loses Navy tradition.png0.5 navy tradition.
  • loses Manpower.pngmanpower worth 25% of maximum manpower reserve.
  • loses Sailors.pngsailors worth 25% of maximum sailors reserve.
  • gets the modifier “The Reign of Terror” for 10 years or the event ‘The Directory’, with the following effects:
    • National unrest.png −1 national unrest,
    • Production efficiency.png −10% production efficiency,
    • National tax modifier.png −10% national tax modifier,
    • Autonomy.png −0.05 monthly autonomy change.
Event button 547.png
Show leniency

Flag of France France:

  • loses Icon stability.png3 stability.
id

Msg event.pngThe Directory


The Directory was the French revolutionary government set up by the Constitution of the Year III, which lasted four years, from November 1795 to November 1799. The Directors chose governmental ministers, ambassadors, army generals, tax collectors, and other officials. However, they had no funds to finance their projects or courts to enforce their will. The Directory was perhaps the most corrupt regime that France has ever known. Its policies were aimed, first, at protecting and increasing the profits of those in political and economic power and, second, at preventing the return of the Bourbons or the establishment of any other regime that might endanger those in power by such means as the redistribution of national property. The period was also noted for extravagant fashions in dress, excesses in entertainment, and a loose morality. However, the most important aspect of the directory and what gave it legitimacy in the eyes of the people, even as it was corrupt, was that it had ended the Reign of Terror. Anything was judged better then the 'Today you, Tomorrow me' logic of the Terror.


 
This event happens only once during a campaign.
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
A Coup d'etat has brought Order

Flag of France France:

  • gains Icon stability.png2 stability.
  • loses the modifier “The Reign of Terror”.
id

Msg event.pngThe Execution of King Louis


After the failed flight of the royal family on June 20, 1791 the king was forced into house-arrest. When the Reign of Terror started the nobility was beheaded en-masse and the king was declared to have conspired with foreign powers and thus considered a traitor. The king was first forced to abdicate, imprisoned and called 'Citizen Capet.' On January 15, 1793 the National Convent voted for a proposal to execute the king with the figures 361 votes against 360. On January 21, 1793 King Louis was beheaded.


 
This event happens only once during a campaign.
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
361 votes for and 360 against execution
If Flag of France France has a stability of less than +3,
  • then it gains Icon stability.png1 stability,
  • else it gains Administrative power.png50 administrative power.

Every neighboring monarchy of France:

  • gets the opinion modifier “Executed Monarch” towards France,
    worth Opinion.png−50 opinion with a yearly decay of 2.
(hidden)

If France owns a coastal core province in Europe that is not the capital

  • then there is a 90% chance that France gets the Msg event.pngevent ‘The Chouan Revolt’ in 20 days.
Event button 547.png
361 votes against and 360 for execution

Flag of France France:

  • loses Icon stability.png1 stability.
id

Msg event.pngNapoleon Bonaparte


Born in Corsica on 15th August 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte undertook military education at the royal military college of Brienne (graduated in 1785). A young artillery lieutenant when the French revolution erupted, he grabbed his first opportunity at the siege of Toulon in 1793 and then become the youngest general in the French revolutionary armies. A military genius, his victories in Italy in 1796 (and again 1800) and his campaign in Egypt 1798 would sharpen his thirst for power and he would become consul, then Emperor, marking the dawn of a new age.


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France

  • is the Revolution target.png revolution target.
  • does not have a ruler from the “Bonaparte” dynasty.
  • did not have this event yet.

At least 1 of the following is true:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
We need Brilliant Leadership!

If France has an heir then the heir will die.
Flag of France France:

  • loses Icon stability.png1 stability.
  • gets a new ruler:
    • named ‘Napoléon I’ from ‘Bonaparte’ dynasty.
    • with Sardinian culture.
    • with a skill of at least Administrative power.png 6 / Diplomatic power.png 5 / Military power.png 6.
    • with an ‘Inspiring Leaderpersonality.
Event button 547.png
We don't want a new Caesar!

Flag of France France:

  • gains Icon stability.png3 stability.
id

Msg event.pngThe Infernal Machine


The 'Plot of the Rue Saint-Nicaise' was an assassination attempt on the life of Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul of France, in Paris on 24 December 1800. The attempt was carried out by seven royalists who had connections to the earlier Chouan Revolt. A bomb hidden in a barrel loaded on a parked cart exploded just as Napoleon and his escort were passing by on the way to the Opéra to see the opening of Joseph Haydn's oratorio 'Die Schöpfung.' The bomb, nicknamed the 'Infernal Machine', was filled with gunpowder, flammable materials and bullets, and set off by using a long fuse. The explosion killed several bystanders but failed to hurt Napoleon.


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
Let us pray for his survival...

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png5 republican tradition.

There is a 25% chance that:

  • The current ruler of France dies.
  • France loses Republican tradition.png5 republican tradition.

Trouble with the Revolutionary Republic[edit]

Note: The following events all have the same title ‘The Revolutionary Republic’. The italicized suffix only serves to distinguish.

id
Msg event.pngThe Revolutionary Republic – Manpower Drain

The wars of [Root.GetName] are a never-ending drain on the country's manpower and those who thought that the change of government would bring peace to the country seem to have lost faith in the republic.


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
The republic will survive!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

If Flag of France France has a republican tradition

  • of at least 25 but less than 50, then there is a 50% chance
  • of less than 25, then there is a 75% chance

that

  • Noble rebels.png Noble rebels (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that:
    • is not the capital,
    • is not controlled by rebels,
    • is not under siege.
id
Msg event.pngThe Revolutionary Republic – War Exhaustion

Constant warfare has exhausted the population of [Root.GetName]. Many of those who supported the revolution now seem to have lost their faith in the republic.


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
The republic will survive!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

If Flag of France France has a republican tradition

  • of at least 25 but less than 50, then there is a 50% chance
  • of less than 25, then there is a 75% chance

that

  • Noble rebels.png Noble rebels (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that:
    • is not the capital,
    • is not controlled by rebels,
    • is not under siege.
id
Msg event.pngThe Revolutionary Republic – Financial Mismanagement

The change of government only seems to have increased the financial mismanagement. With the Republic of [Root.GetName] having declared bankruptcy, many of its former supporters now ask themselves if things weren't perhaps better before the revolution?


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
The republic will survive!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

If Flag of France France has a republican tradition

  • of at least 25 but less than 50, then there is a 50% chance
  • of less than 25, then there is a 75% chance

that

  • Noble rebels.png Noble rebels (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that:
    • is not the capital,
    • is not controlled by rebels,
    • is not under siege.
id
Msg event.pngThe Revolutionary Republic – National Debt

The national debt is a problem in the eyes of the people. With more than fifty loans, the country's finances seem to be in no better shape than before the shift of government. The faith in the republic is dwindling.


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
The republic will survive!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

If Flag of France France has a republican tradition

  • of at least 25 but less than 50, then there is a 50% chance
  • of less than 25, then there is a 75% chance

that

  • Noble rebels.png Noble rebels (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that:
    • is not the capital,
    • is not controlled by rebels,
    • is not under siege.
id
Msg event.pngThe Revolutionary Republic – Halting Revolution

The revolution seems to have grinded to a halt. With more than a quarter of the country in revolt, the faith in the republic seems to be declining.


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
The republic will survive!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

If Flag of France France has a republican tradition

  • of at least 25 but less than 50, then there is a 50% chance
  • of less than 25, then there is a 75% chance

that

  • Noble rebels.png Noble rebels (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that:
    • is not the capital,
    • is not controlled by rebels,
    • is not under siege.
id
Msg event.pngThe Revolutionary Republic – Instability

Those who thought that the revolution and the republic would be the answers to the instability of [Root.GetName] are becoming more and more disillusioned. When will stability return?


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
The republic will survive!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

If Flag of France France has a republican tradition

  • of at least 25 but less than 50, then there is a 50% chance
  • of less than 25, then there is a 75% chance

that

  • Noble rebels.png Noble rebels (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that:
    • is not the capital,
    • is not controlled by rebels,
    • is not under siege.
id
Msg event.pngThe Revolutionary Republic – Declining Popularity

People's faith in the republic is declining. Too little effort to mend the problems of the old regime seems to be the normal complaint.


 
Trigger conditions

Flag of France France:

Is triggered only by

the monthly pulse of the “French Revolution” disaster.


Event button 547.png
Who dares question the republic!

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

If Flag of France France has a republican tradition

  • of at least 25 but less than 50, then there is a 50% chance
  • of less than 25, then there is a 75% chance

that

  • Noble rebels.png Noble rebels (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that:
    • is not the capital,
    • is not controlled by rebels,
    • is not under siege.
Event button 547.png
Increase public relief program

Flag of France France:

  • loses Administrative power.png50 administrative power.
Event button 547.png
Cut back on diplomatic spending

Flag of France France:

  • loses Diplomatic power.png50 diplomatic power.
Event button 547.png
Cut back on military spending

Flag of France France:

  • loses Military power.png50 military power.

Finishing conditions[edit]

If at least one of the following is true:

then France loses the above-mentioned effects and the following event is triggered:

id

Msg event.pngCalmer Times


The time of revolts and constant instability seem to be behind us. The Revolution has disrupted our society and it seems clear now that things will never be as they once were.


 
Trigger conditions
  • None
Is triggered only by

the end of the ‘French Revolution’ disaster.


Option conditions

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Flag of France France has not enacted ‘Revolutionary Empiregovernment reform:

Event button 547.png
Long Live the [Root.Monarch.GetTitle]!

Flag of France France:

  • gains Icon legitimacy monarchy.png20 legitimacy.
If France has a stability of less than +3,
  • then it gains Icon stability.png1 stability,
  • else it gains Administrative power.png50 administrative power.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Flag of France France:

  • has enacted ‘Revolutionary Empire’ government reform.
  • did not choose the option “We need Brilliant Leadership!” if France had the event ‘Napoleon Bonaparte’.
Event button 547.png
Long Live the Republic!
If Flag of France France has a stability of less than +3,
  • then it gains Icon stability.png1 stability,
  • else it gains Administrative power.png50 administrative power.

Event trigger.pngEnabled if: Flag of France France:

  • has enacted ‘Revolutionary Empire’ government reform.
  • is the Revolution target.png revolution target.
  • had the event ‘Napoleon Bonaparte’ and chosen the option “We need Brilliant Leadership!”.
Event button 547.png
Long Live the Republic!

Flag of France France:

Triggered events[edit]

id

Msg event.pngThe Chouan Revolt


As the French revolution dragged on and saw permanent turmoil and the outburst of war, the people of the western provinces of France (Poitou, Vendee, Brittany) came to regret overthrowing the old regime and its relative stability, if not liberty. The unwise move of the Republican government to suppress the old clergy and replace the Catholic cult, combined with the return of some Royalist nobles, were the sparks that ignited a terrible revolt in 1794 that would force the diversion of large number of troops and mass massacres.


 
Trigger conditions
  • None
Is triggered only by

the Msg event.pngevent ‘The Execution of King Louis’ option ‘361 votes for and 360 against execution’.


Event button 547.png
Royalists and Religious Rebels are on the move

Flag of France France:

  • loses Republican tradition.png10 republican tradition.

Pretender rebels.png Pretender rebels (size 3) rise up in revolt in a random coastal core province of France in Europe that is not the capital.
Religious rebels.png Religious zealots (size 2) rise up in revolt in a random core province of France in Europe that is not the capital.

id

Msg event.pngAspirations of an Empire


As First Consul of France, Napoleon Bonaparte faced several plots and assassination attempts carried out by Jacobins and royalists, often sponsored by members of the Bourbon dynasty - the former rulers of the country. Thinking it would be more difficult to carry out a Bourbon restoration if the Bonaparte succession was secured in the constitution, Napoleon decided to re-create the hereditary monarchy in France and had himself crowned emperor by Pope Pius VII on 2 December 1804 at Notre-Dame.


 
Trigger conditions
  • None
Is triggered only by

the Msg event.pngevent ‘Calmer Times’. event


Event button 547.png
France will be an empire!

Flag of France France:

Pretender rebels.png Pretender rebels (size 3) rise up in revolt in a random European core province of France that is not the capital.

Event button 547.png
The revolution must continue!
If Flag of France France has a stability of less than +3,
  • then it gains Icon stability.png1 stability,
  • else it gains Administrative power.png50 administrative power.

Further events[edit]

id

Msg event.pngThe French Gamble for Supremacy


In 1809 Austria had been crushed and also Prussia was occupied. France was at war with England, but had managed to vassalize Spain. Russia was her ally and everything looked perfect until 1812, The Russians did not fulfill their obligations when come to the Continental Blockade and they had become wary of French power. In June France invaded Russia with more than a half million men. The Russians made a slow retreat to even the odds as the French army was shrinking from attrition. The Battle of Borodino (September 5-7) started as a bloody struggle, but thanks to luck and a diversion attack by Marshal Ney, the Russian Army was annihilated. Napoleon though decided to hold his Grand Armee, spreading it out for winter. Supply lines where secured and a lesser task force called L'Armee Baltique moved up occupying the Baltic coast up to St Petersburg which it took by assault. When late spring came, Napoleon again had more than half a million men in Russia and was advancing. During the winter Napoleon had restructured Poland under Poniatowski and recreated the Kingdom of Ukraine under Chielmkowski easing the supply effort. On 30 June 1813 Russia surrendered, unwilling to let Moscow perish in flames. France was the master of Europe...


 
Trigger conditions

The country:

Mean time to happen

100 months


Event button 547.png
We are the Masters of Europe!

Flag of France France:

  • gains Prestige.png100 prestige.
id

Msg event.pngThe restoration


The forces of order have finally emerged triumphant, the ancien regime has been restored and France is back to normal.


 
Trigger conditions

The ‘Art of War’ DLC is not enabled.
The country:

The capital of the country:

  • is not controlled by its owner.
  • is not controlled by rebels.
Mean time to happen

1 month


Event button 547.png
Let most Frenchmen rejoice

Flag of France France

The revolution will end.
The controller of the capital province gets the event “Order has triumphed!”.

id

Msg event.pngThe exile of the revolutionaries


With the fall of the revolutionary government the leaders of the revolution have gone into exile, giving France back its proper king.


 
Trigger conditions
  • None
Is triggered only by

the event “The restoration”.


Event button 547.png
Vive Le Roi

The current ruler dies.

id

Msg event.pngThe Revolution Advances


With the end of Royal Absolutism, a new government based on liberal principals emerged. However, continuing instability and attempts by the monarchy to reassert absolutism have radicalized the situation. The government has now switched to being outright revolutionary and the Bourbon monarch has been beheaded. The rest of Europe is shocked.


 
Trigger conditions

The country:

Mean time to happen

36 months


Event button 547.png
Vive la France.

Flag of France France:

The current ruler of France dies.

If Flag of France France has a stability of less than +3,
  • then it gains Icon stability.png1 stability,
  • else it gains Administrative power.png50 administrative power.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. See in /Europa Universalis IV/common/disasters/french_revolution.txt and for the events in /Europa Universalis IV/events/disaster_french_revolution.txt.