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Duchy rankFlorence
Primary culture
Tuscan (Latin)

Capital province
Firenze (116)

Oligarchic RepublicGovernment republic.png

State religion

Technology group
WesternWestern technology group
Tuscan ideas
Traditions.png Traditions:
−10% Development cost
+2 Yearly papal influence

Technology cost.png Birthplace of the Renaissance

−5% Technology cost
−5% Idea cost

Mercenary maintenance.png Condottieri

−15% Mercenary maintenance

Interest per annum.png Tuscan Banking

−0.5 Interest per annum

Prestige.png Patron of the Arts

+1 Yearly prestige

Trade efficiency.png Porto Franco

+15% Trade efficiency

Production efficiency.png Administrative reforms

+10% Production efficiency

National manpower modifier.png Territorial Ambition

+25% National manpower modifier

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+5% Discipline

Florence is a nation in central Italy that is a part of the Tuscan culture. It is one of the nations that can form Flag of Tuscany Tuscany and Flag of Italy Italy, and one of the most likely to do so. It has Catholic as its starting religion.


Main article: Tuscan events

Florence shares many events with Flag of Tuscany Tuscany.


Execute decision.pngForm Tuscany

Not since the days of the Margraviate of Tuscany has a single power controlled as much of the the Tuscan lands as we do. Let us adopt a new title to better reflect our new standing among the states of Italy.

Potential requirements

The country:

If AI-controlled:


Tuscany does not exist.
The country

  • has an administrative technology of at least 10.
  • is not a subject nation.
  • is not a nomad nation.
  • is not at war.
  • owns and has core on:
    • Arezzo (2978).
    • Firenze (116).
    • Pisa (115).
  • owns and has cores on either Siena (117) or Lucca (2980).


The country:

  • changes to Flag of Tuscany Tuscany.
  • gets the modifier “Increased Centralization” for 20 years with the following effects:
    • Autonomy.png−0.05 monthly autonomy change,
    • National unrest.png+1 national unrest.
  • gets permanent claims on all provinces with Tuscan culture that it does not own.
  • gains Prestige.png25 prestige.
  • (hidden)
    gets the event “The Emperor Condemns Tuscany's Elevation” within 50 days.

If Tuscany:

Execute decision.pngForm Italian Nation

As the heart of the Renaissance, our nation is blossoming culturally. We have just entered the beginning of what looks like a prolonged artistic rebellion, especially in the field of architecture and literature. The cultural evolution is not aiding our country in maintaining peace within our borders however. Our country is continuously stricken by foreign states seeking power and territorial gain.

Potential requirements

Flag of Italy Italy does not exist.
The country:

If the country is AI-controlled then it:


The country:


The country:

If the country:

  • is a member of the Holy Roman Empire but not the emperor or an elector then
    • all its provinces are removed from the HRE.
    • the emperor gets the Msg event.pngevent ‘Italy breaks out of the Empire’.
    • the emperor gets the opinion modifier “Left the Holy Roman Empire” towards Italy, worth Opinion.png−150 with a yearly decay of 1.
  • is a duchy then
    • Italy becomes a Kingdom rank kingdom.
  • does not have custom ideas then


Government type[edit]

Flag of Florence Florence starts as Oligarchic Republic , this means that the player will be able to decide, on ruler death which government form choose. Choosing Monarchy grant the possibility to royal marriage; while this can be used to get alliances with great powers early on can also be good to get personal unions either with Flag of Savoy Savoy or Flag of Naples Naples (once free) to speed up expansion in Italy region. The preferred way to form a monarchy is by event to form Tuscany (Feudal Monarchy) or to decrease the Republican Tradition, form a Republican Dictatorship, and then let it become a monarchy on ruler's death. The player can also choose to increase the nobility estate's influence to over 80%, then allow the aristocratic coup to happen. Though this will cause the trade income to drop, but in exchange the Noble Republic government type gives troops a moral boost. Since nobility influence is over the limit the player can uses benefits to increase its military power. The benefits of having an over sized and strong military outweighs the drop in trade income and allows Florence to expand early in the game.

Otherwise, keep a republican form can make the distribution of monarch power much more fluid and dynamic, adapting to the needs of the moment.

Tuscany and Italy[edit]

As an Italian Minor, the early game is not easy, and it can be wise to wait for Europe's geopolitical situation to stabilize before setting rivals. Fabricate claims on Flag of Lucca Lucca and Flag of Siena Siena early on. They tend to join trade leagues under either Flag of Genoa Genoa or Flag of Venice Venice. Flag of Milan Milan can be the perfect ally against them if they are not rivals with Flag of Austria Austria (an alliance with the emperor will usually forestall the "Unlawful Territory" demand). If Flag of Naples Naples becomes independent later on, it can be a great ally against Flag of The Papal State The Papal State.

Florence's mid-game goal is usually to form Flag of Tuscany Tuscany and then Flag of Italy Italy. In order to form Tuscany, Florence must own its starting province plus Siena or Lucca. Vassalizing and diplo-annexing them is not advisable as it requires too much time. After Tuscany is formed and the Shadow Kingdom event has fired, the player can expand to form Italy. Since Italian land gives a large amount of aggressive expansion from high development, it can be a good idea to establish a foothold in North Africa, usually Flag of Tunis Tunis, and expand there while European aggressive expansion cools down. Depending on the alliance situation after the Shadow Kingdom event, it can be good to ally nations that are rivals with Flag of Austria Austria but don't really want provinces in Italy. Flag of France France is often the right choice; other options could include Flag of Castile Castile, Flag of Aragon Aragon, or Flag of Hungary Hungary.

Florence/Tuscany is in the unique position of being able to strike at all the provinces needed to form Italy. Being a monarchy allows a player to form personal unions, especially over Savoy or Naples, as well as royal marriages to secure alliances with strong powers early on. The diplomatic strategy requires the early adoption of the influence and diplomatic idea groups, which means sacrificing any real chance to colonize.


Colonization can be choosen both early or late in the game. A good strategy could be push through egypt to gain access to Red Sea and so colonize Asia and Indochina, and push through Australia. But that could be done in the other way, pushing through Morocco. That could be more difficult because of the Iberian monarchies reconquesta. It could be good for the player to conquest north africa after Shadow Kingdom, and get stronger with the help of colonies to then form Italy. If the player decides to do so trade from Asia may be pulled from Gulf of Aden to Venice and from Africa may be pulled across the Sahara to Tunis and on to Genoa. Once got a strong nation, later in the game, the player could choose to take over other nation's colonial nations to better expand its colonial domain.


Florence is one of the strongest nations if a player is looking to play "tall". Florence starts as part of the HRE and the italian provinces mostly consist out of farmland. Florence has access to the Genoa trade note and multiple centers of trade nearby. Another bonus is that the Renaissance is guaranteed to spawn in Italy. If you gain control over that province the player will acquire the birthplace of Renaissance modifier, lowering development by an extra 5%. Being a Oligarchic Republic means that the player can exchange Republican Tradition to gain a good amount of monarch points.


The Prince of Egypt icon
The Prince of Egypt
Starting as Florence, form Egypt. [Note: Forming Italy prevents this achievement.]

Carthago Delenda Est icon
Carthago Delenda Est
As an Italian culture nation, make sure entire Tunis Area is at 100 devastation.

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