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Duchy rankFlorence
Primary culture
Tuscan (Latin)

Capital province
Firenze (116)

Oligarchic RepublicGovernment republic.png

State religion

Technology group
WesternWestern technology group
Tuscan ideas
Traditions.png Traditions:
−10% Development cost
+2 Yearly papal influence

Technology cost.png Birthplace of the Renaissance

−5% Technology cost
−5% Idea cost

Mercenary maintenance.png Condottieri

−15% Mercenary maintenance

Interest per annum.png Tuscan Banking

−0.5 Interest per annum

Prestige.png Patron of the Arts

+1 Yearly prestige

Trade efficiency.png Porto Franco

+15% Trade efficiency

Production efficiency.png Administrative reforms

+10% Production efficiency

National manpower modifier.png Territorial Ambition

+25% National manpower modifier

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+5% Discipline

Florence is a nation in central Italy that is a part of the Tuscan culture. It is one of the nations that can form Flag of Tuscany Tuscany and Flag of Italy Italy, and one of the most likely to do so. It has Catholic as its starting religion.



Main article: Tuscan events

Florence shares many events with   Tuscany.


 Form Tuscany

Not since the days of the Margraviate of Tuscany has a single power controlled as much of the the Tuscan lands as we do. Let us adopt a new title to better reflect our new standing among the states of Italy.

Potential requirements

The country:

If the country is AI-controlled, then:

  • it can not be a custom nation.
  • it can not be a former colonial nation.
  • it must have at least 5 cities.

Tuscany does not exist.
The country


The country:

  • changes to   Tuscany.
  • gets the modifier “Increased Centralization” for 20 years with the following effects:
    •  −0.05 monthly autonomy change,
    •  +1 national unrest.
  • gets permanent claims on all provinces with Tuscan culture that it does not own.
  • gains  25 prestige.
  • (hidden)
    gets the event “The Emperor Condemns Tuscany's Elevation” within 50 days.

If   Tuscany:

 Form Italian Nation

As the heart of the Renaissance, our nation is blossoming culturally. We have just entered the beginning of what looks like a prolonged artistic rebellion, especially in the field of architecture and literature. The cultural evolution is not aiding our country in maintaining peace within our borders however. Our country is continuously stricken by foreign states seeking power and territorial gain.

Potential requirements

  Italy does not exist.
The country:

If the country is AI-controlled then it:


The country:


The country:

If the country:


Government typeEdit

  Florence starts as an Oligarchic Republic, this means that upon ruler death the player will be able to decide which government form to choose. Choosing Monarchy grants the possibility to make royal marriages; while this can be useful to get alliances with great powers early on, it can also be good to get personal unions either with   Savoy or   Naples (once it is free from its overlord   Aragon) to speed up expansion in the Italian region. Another way to form a monarchy is by the event to form Tuscany (which turns Florence into a Feudal Monarchy) or to decrease the Republican Tradition, form a Republican Dictatorship, and then let it become a monarchy on ruler's death.

The player can also choose to increase the Nobility Estate's influence to over 100%, then allow the aristocratic coup to happen. Though this will cause the Trade income to drop, but in exchange the Noble Republic government type gives troops a boost in Morale. Since the influence of the Nobility is over the limit, the player can use the benefits to increase its military power. When playing wide, the benefits of having an oversized and strong military outweigh the drop in Trade income and allows Florence to expand with military advantage early in the game.

Alternatively, the player can keep the republican form, a decision which makes the distribution of Monarch Points much more fluid and dynamic, adapting to the needs of the moment.

Tuscany and ItalyEdit

As an Italian minor, the early game is not easy, and it can be wise to wait for Europe's geopolitical situation to stabilize before setting rivals. Fabricate claims on   Lucca and   Siena early on. They tend to join trade leagues under either   Genoa or   Venice.   Milan usually is the only available relatively strong ally at game start and can be a good ally against the powerful Merchant republics on either side of the Italian boot, if Milan is not rivaling   Austria (an alliance with the emperor will usually forestall the "Unlawful Territory" demand). When   Naples becomes independent later on, it can be a great ally against   The Papal State.

Florence's mid-game goal is usually to form   Tuscany and possibly   Italy. In order to form Tuscany, Florence must own its three starting provinces plus either Siena or Lucca. Vassalizing and diplomatic annexing them is not advisable as it requires more time. After Tuscany is formed, and the Shadow Kingdom event has fired, the player can expand to form Italy. Since Italian land gives a large amount of aggressive expansion from high development, it can be a good idea to establish a foothold in North Africa, usually   Tunis, and expand there while European aggressive expansion cools down. Depending on the alliance situation after the Shadow Kingdom event, it can be good to ally nations that are rivals with   Austria but don't really want provinces in Italy.   France is often the right choice; other options could include   Castile,   Aragon, or   Hungary.

Florence/Tuscany is in the unique position of being able to strike at all the provinces needed to form Italy. Being a monarchy as Tuscany allows a player to form personal unions, especially over Savoy or Naples, as well as royal marriages to secure alliances with strong powers early on. The diplomatic strategy requires the early adoption of the influence and diplomatic idea groups, which means sacrificing any real chance to colonize.


Colonization can be chosen both early or late in the game. A good strategy could be to push through Egypt to gain access to the Red Sea and via that route to colonize Asia and Indochina, and push through to Australia. Alternatively, pushing through Morocco towards the rich gold provinces of West Africa is an optional strategy, although this route usually is more difficult because of the Reconquista by the Iberian monarchies. It could be good for the player to conquer parts of North Africa after the Shadow Kingdom event, and get stronger with the help of colonies to then form Italy. If the player decides to do so, trade from Asia may be pulled from the Gulf of Aden trade node to Venice and from Timbuktu, trade may be pulled across the Sahara to Tunis and on to the Genoa trade node. Once Tuscany or Italy have become a great power later in the game, the player could choose to take over other nation's colonial nations to better expand its colonial domain.


Florence is one of the strongest nations if a player is looking to play "tall". Florence starts as part of the HRE and the italian provinces mostly consist out of farmland. Florence has access to the Genoa trade note and multiple centers of trade nearby. Another bonus is that the Renaissance is guaranteed to spawn in Italy. If you gain control over that province the player will acquire the birthplace of Renaissance modifier, lowering development by an extra 5%. Being a Oligarchic Republic means that the player can exchange Republican Tradition to gain a good amount of monarch points.


Starting as Florence, form Egypt. [Note: Forming Italy prevents this achievement.]

As an Italian culture nation, make sure entire Tunis Area is at 100 devastation.

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