- +20% Land force limit modifier
- −10% Idea cost
- +1 Yearly prestige
- −10% Development cost
- +10% National tax modifier
- +10% National manpower modifier
- +2.5% Discipline
- −10% Construction cost
- +10% Production efficiency
- −10% Land attrition
- +1 Leader without upkeep
Cusco is a landlocked country in the Andes region of western South America. They border Wanka to the north, and Colla to the south. Cusco is the strongest of the Andean countries and is therefore suitable for forming Inca and completing the Sun God achievement.
- 1 Missions
- 2 Events
- 3 Decisions
- 4 Strategy
- Main article: Cuscoan missions
Cusco has several country-specific historical events.
Fall of the Chanka & the Rise of Cusco
After years of struggles and having been dangerously close to total defeat by the Chankas in 1438 the kingdom of Cusco has now risen to a greater position than it has ever had previously. Having saved the kingdom, the young king Pachacuti went on to conquer the Chanka kingdom itself shortly afterwards, a state that for long times has exacted tribute not only from Cusco but from many of the states in the Andean world since the fall of the old Wari Empire.
Apart from marking Pachacuti as the greatest leader of the Cusco kingdom to date, the fall of the Chankas have given us access to their great treasury, a huge collection of gifts from neighbors and tributaries. This is exactly the kind of capital needed to buy the services necessary to reform and expand our kingdom. At this point nobody knows Pachacuti's plans but what is certain is that he has the means to steer Cusco in whichever direction he could wish.
It is before 1450.
|Mean time to happen
Long live Pachacuti, he who makes the Earth Shake!
One of the first things on Pachacuti's agenda is the reshaping of Cusco. While our capital has served its purpose over the years it is in many ways no more than a rural village, often flooded by nearby rivers. Such a city is no longer fitting for a kingdom with ambitions such as ours. By creating a small model version of the city $MONARCH$ has drawn up plans for an entire redesign of the city, necessitating the complete evacuation of the city for the duration of the project.
While the manpower and material needed for this project are readily available inside our new borders mobilizing the various chiefs under our control entails a generous use of gifts and feasts. That is, however, a price we will have to pay for our new capital.
|Is triggered only by
the event ‘Fall of the Chanka & the Rise of Cusco’.
Let us create a worthy capital!
Cuzco (808) gets the modifier “Restructuring of Cusco” for 20 years, giving the following effects:
If Cusco has a stability of less than +3,
Our resources are better used for other things.
Reconstruction of Cusco Complete
After almost 20 years the great project of restructuring Cusco is complete. The land has been leveled to create huge plazas and beautiful buildings erected, the nearby rivers have been led into canals.
The city is built to be the capital of an Empire rather than a small kingdom and is organized into four regions matching the way which we divide our realm in the Andes. The royal centre is located at the junction of the regions of Antisuyu, Qullasuyu, Kuntisuyu and Chinchaysuyu and these regions divide the Cusco valley as well as our empire.
|Mean time to happen
Cuzco (808) gets the modifier “Cusco” for the rest of the campaign, giving the following effects:
Just as the city of Cusco was in need of being reshaped in order to fit the wider ambition of the Cusco kingdom $MONARCH$ is now in need of a stately Estate to match the importance of his person and his lineage. On a mountain completely surrounded by the Urubamba river $MONARCH$ has planned the city of Machu Picchu, a royal retreat for his court and his Panaca and a beautiful place for a ruler of his magnitude to reside in.
It is at least 1450, but before 1475.
|Mean time to happen
Let us build a great city!
Province Cuzco (808):
If the country has a stability of less than +3,
Let's not get carried away.
Tawantinsuyu, the Empire of the Incas
Once one of many small regional kingdoms our state now holds land in all the four regions of the Andes. Our kingdom has transformed into something greater, a mighty empire of many peoples united under a strong class of rulers. To our subjects we are simply their overlords, the Incas.
If the country is AI-controlled then it:
Inca does not exist.
Please help with verifying or updating this section. It was last verified for version 1.30.
A good strategy for Cusco focuses on forming Inca and preparing for the arrival of western countries.
Cusco and Inca are Andean nations in the primitive technology group. Being primitive brings a series of downsides:
- +50% development cost in owned provinces;
- cannot embrace institutions, even if they spawned in the provinces;
- cannot build ships, or navy-related buildings;
- start with Level 1 in administrative, diplomatic and military technology levels
- does not have Feudalism embraced.
Reforming the religion
The Inti religion requires that all 5 government reforms be enacted, and that the player holds a core province that borders a neighbour who has embraced Feudalism in order to be able to reform. Each reform has to be enacted while having at least +1 stability and 100 authority. On enacting it, 3 pretender armies will spawn in random locations, the player's Authority will be reset to 0 and the player will take a -2 stability hit. The player is thus encouraged to prepare beforehand by setting their army maintenance to 100% and activate their forts.
The only other ways to gain authority, other than the monthly tick (based on total development of the player's nation), are events and lowering a province's autonomy. The player is encouraged to take risks and shoot for the highest authority gain option in events, which will usually come at the cost of rebel spawn or some local unrest. On the other hand, raising autonomy in newly-conquered provinces or accepting outcomes that raise autonomy will lower authority. In a way, the player is able to exchange authority and autonomy in both ways.
If the player is going for the Sun God achievement it is advised to start with the "Expand the Mitma Policy" religious reform, that provides one colonist, as it will be the safer way to grasp high-development colonies before the western nations arrive, and the only way to move towards the eastern coast (where the colonizers will probably be). After that, army-related reforms will be good pick as the player will need to constantly fight rebels or neighboring countries.
It is strongly advised to avoid failing to put down a rebellion, as every successful revolt will remove 2 religious reforms from the player's progress, which can dramatically slow the reforming process and prove costly from a stability and administrative point of view.
Monarch points management
Cusco start in the enviable position of having a Ruler and Heir with excellent stats, which helps with early game monarch point generation. Because of the high military skill, it can be tempting to make the ruler and heir into generals, as they will likely have a good number of pips, but keep in mind the increased death chance for leaders of a siege. From the start date, the Andean nations suffer a +50% technology cost malus for Feudalism not embraced. As time passes and more Institutions are spawned, the technology cost will continue to rise to +50% per Institution not embraced. To further complicate matters, most of the area the player will have available is on mountain or jungle terrain type, with +25% to +35% development cost penalty. Thus, it is extremely important that the player manages monarch points accordingly, to keep up with their neighbours but keep a hefty amount to be ready to reform when possible.
Since many game-long decisions as Cusco or Inca have the side effect of increasing the stability cost (typically by +5%), the player is encouraged to take decisions that increase stability when possible. The player will lose at least 10 stability points due to reforms before being able to reform their religion. On the other hand, the Cusco event tree will trigger some unique events relevant to the capital's growth that will give permanent bonuses for the rest of the game. The player should consider carefully if the provided bonus (totalling +0.5 yearly prestige and +1 yearly legitimacy) outweigh the immediate stability gain.
Upgrading tech is heavily discouraged. Without Feudalism, all techs are +50% more expensive, and this malus will further compound the more time passes. Upon reforming your nation, you not only embrace all the institutions they received, negating your prior malus but also level up to 2/3rds of their tech level, meaning you get techs for which you would have paid a massive penalty for free. Furthermore, nations get a -5% technology cost reduction per level a bordering nation is ahead of you. This can result in tech penalties as massive as -65% if Cusco is at technology one while a bordering nation is at technology level fourteen (this discount can be compounded with all the benefits from reforming). All combined, this means that you should be staying at as low of a technology level as possible. Admin and techs can remain at one. The only potentially worthwhile benefit to teching up here is an idea group at tech 5, but that is far too much investment for far too little reward. It is advised to buy military tech 3, to ensure parity with all your neighbours. A swift conquest of all other tags may allow you to stay at tech 2, and even slightly experienced players may be able to get away with staying at mil tech 1.
The first years: unifying Inca
Although Cusco starts in a favorable position, it doesn't hold a sufficient edge over its neighbours that allows the player to expand recklessly. Unfortunately, the only mission Cusco gets in the way of local expansion is a permanent claim on Huanuco area, held by Wanka, Ichma and Huyla. However, on the upside this can be completed extremely easily (within the first month) by exploiting local manpower and purchasing a local mercenary company. This can allow for extremely swift northward expansion which would normally require waiting to generate claims, and can allow for expanding northwards before extensive alliance networks finish forming. The southern nations hold known gold mines which may seem tempting, however keep in mind that as a primitive, gold is not an excellent income source. Never the less, the Cerro Rico local goods produced modifier on the province of Potosi held by Charca is so significant that even as a primitive it provides for a significant income boost. By making alliances and promising territories without upholding to the promises it's relatively easy to completely annex the southern half of the region in 10 years of less. The smaller local nations of Ichma and Chachapoya can make reasonable allies with an eye to diplomatically vassalising them after expanding around them, which as they control no choke points can be possible. All nations in the region start Quito as annexable in one single 100% peace deal. Make sure to keep diplomats active, either improving relations or annexing, or else to build spy network which helps with aggressive expansion penalty and speeds up sieges.
After satisfying all the requirements to form Inca, the player is encouraged to do so as soon as possible to benefit from the resulting cultural union and the expanded benefits the Empire rank grants.
The player is encouraged to also vassalize and annex Muisca (who will usually ally Quito) as soon as possible. Vassalizing can be done if they are a co-belligerent in a war. And they can be integrated without a land connection, because their provinces can be cored because they are on the same continent as Cusco's capital and border a core province of a subject of Cusco (Muisca themselves).
While there is no real haste to conquer the area, as it is isolated from the rest of the world, the player may want to speed up the process to acquire more development and bump yearly Authority generation as soon as possible. When the expansion is done the player should be gaining between 5 and 7 yearly Authority from development alone.
The player can combine the spy network construction with the "Transfer Subject" Age of Discovery bonus to be able to quickly declare one war after another as soon as they can border the new war target.
The first colonization target for the player should be on the pieces of land that connect the northern border to Muisca on the southern border of Neiva. After that, the player should focus on reaching the eastern shores. It is advised to either colonize to the north, up towards Colombia, Venezuela, and Central America, or to the southeast to reach Rio de Janiero and the southern coast of Brazil, as these are typically the first two regions that Europeans will colonize.
The player should be aware that, without diplomatic technology or Exploration or Expansion ideas the monthly settler increase will be the default +10, that will be offset by the -10 malus from the tropical modifier found on most available colonies. This will limit colony increase possibility to luck: for instance, native assimilation given by the presence of a colonist or by having a ruler with the Expansionist trait. This malus can also be combated by choosing the "Native Repression" native policy giving a +20 to settler increase. Keep in mind, however, that the player will have to station garrisons on the colony or wipe out the natives on the province should this option be chosen.
Within the first years, the player should also see the first events related to the growth of Cusco as a capital city. As mentioned above, these events grant immediate benefits as opposed to lower, but everlasting ticking traits. The yearly legitimacy from Machu Picchu will only be useful if the player is able to reform to a neighbour under a monarchic government type: on the other hand, most of the countries that will neighbour Cusco or Inca when the time for reform is ripe will be colonial nations, which usually are republics. The player should keep this in mind and be prepared to either be picky about who to pick when reforming, or suffer internal disasters or revolutions that will overthrow the republic to reinstate a (usually despotic) monarchy in order to benefit from this bonus.
In the same way, it is advised to avoid being swayed by events granting "support for Feudalism" in provinces: Cusco will not benefit from the support, and Feudalism will be automatically embraced once Cusco reforms its religion. The player can safely ignore this bonus when weighing their options.
- Cuscoan events are located in .