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Duchy rankCircassia
Primary culture
Circassian (Caucasian)

Capital province
Circassia (463)

Tribal Monarchy Government tribal.png

State religion

Technology group
EasternEastern technology group
Circassian ideas
Traditions.png Traditions:
−10% Stability cost modifier
+20% Fort defense

Cavalry cost.png Horsemen of the Steppe

−10% Cavalry cost
+5% Cavalry combat ability

Provincial trade power modifier.png Merchants Of Genoa

+15% Provincial trade power modifier

Trade efficiency.png Circassian Grain Trade

+10% Trade efficiency

Missionaries.png Franciscan Missionaries

+1 Missionary

Prestige decay.png Adyghe Beauty

−1% Prestige decay

Diplomat.png Steppe Diplomats

+1 Diplomat

Tolerance heretic.png Religious Flexibility

+1 Tolerance of heretics
+1 Tolerance of heathens

Idea bonus.png Ambition:

+10% Morale of armies

Circassia is a country located in the Caucasus region, and unlike most Orthodox countries it is a Tribal Federation instead of a regular monarchy. It starts out surrounded by the Flag of Great Horde Great Horde, Flag of Crimea Crimea, Flag of Imereti Imereti and Flag of Avaria Avaria. It is the primary tag of the Circassian culture.


Strategy The below is one of many player suggested strategies for Circassia. Bear in mind, due to the dynamic nature of the game, it may unfold differently for other players.

Flag of Circassia Circassia starts with - 2 diplomatic relations penalty due to its government form so its starting position is critical. Your short-term goal should be to reform your government as fast as possible.

Due to your weak starting position and being Orthodox in the middle of Muslim land, your alliance choice is often limited to Flag of Byzantium Byzantium, Flag of Trebizond Trebizond, Flag of Georgia Georgia or Flag of Imereti Imereti. It is advised to avoid alliances with Byzantium or Trebizond as they often fall to the Ottomans early on, and you will not have the power to defeat them yet.

Your hopeful alliance is either Flag of Muscovy Muscovy, Flag of Poland Poland or Flag of Lithuania Lithuania. Your starting point is usually will not allow you to achieve this, but keep one diplomatic relations slot open in case. Instead, fabricate on Imereti as soon as possible and declare war on them. You can win alone, though you may call Georgia to arms by promising them land. After defeating Imereti, take one province and vassalize them; betray Georgia to free your slot. Eventually, the Ottomans will declare war on you and Georgia will likely betray you anyway.

After this, you usually may ally Flag of Muscovy Muscovy, Flag of Poland Poland or Flag of Lithuania Lithuania (if they are independent). Focus on developing your provinces. Declare war on Flag of Crimea Crimea if they have not been vassalized by Ottoman yet. If they have been, then declare war on Flag of Great Horde Great Horde. Keep positive relations high with Genoa as they are the source of your institution spread. Try to have a border with your newly acquired powerful alliance (i.e. Flag of Muscovy Muscovy, Flag of Poland Poland or Flag of Lithuania Lithuania). Keep positive relations high with Muscovy as they have permanent claims on all of the Pontic Steppe area.

When you acquire enough favors with your allies, attack the Ottomans as soon as possible. You do not want to get trapped between your ally, the Ottomans and Persia. The Ottomans are likely to remain your biggest threat even in the late game given they desire your provinces still.

Country guides

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