- −10% Stability cost modifier
- +20% Fort defense
- −10% Cavalry cost
- +5% Cavalry combat ability
- +15% Provincial trade power modifier
- +10% Trade efficiency
- +1 Missionary
- −1% Prestige decay
- +1 Diplomat
- +1 Tolerance of heretics
- +1 Tolerance of heathens
- +10% Morale of armies
Circassia is a country located in the Caucasus region, and unlike most Orthodox countries it is a Tribal Federation instead of a regular monarchy. It starts out surrounded by the Great Horde, Crimea, Imereti and Avaria. It is the primary tag of the Circassian culture.
Circassia starts with - 2 diplomatic relations penalty due to its government form so its starting position is critical. Your short-term goal should be to reform your government as fast as possible.
Due to your weak starting position and being Orthodox in the middle of Muslim land, your alliance choice is often limited to Byzantium, Trebizond, Georgia or Imereti. It is advised to avoid alliances with Byzantium or Trebizond as they often fall to the Ottomans early on, and you will not have the power to defeat them yet.
Your hopeful alliance is either Muscovy, Poland or Lithuania. Your starting point is usually will not allow you to achieve this, but keep one diplomatic relations slot open in case. Instead, fabricate on Imereti as soon as possible and declare war on them. You can win alone, though you may call Georgia to arms by promising them land. After defeating Imereti, take one province and vassalize them; betray Georgia to free your slot. Eventually, the Ottomans will declare war on you and Georgia will likely betray you anyway.
After this, you usually may ally Muscovy, Poland or Lithuania (if they are independent). Focus on developing your provinces. Declare war on Crimea if they have not been vassalized by Ottoman yet. If they have been, then declare war on Great Horde. Keep positive relations high with Genoa as they are the source of your institution spread. Try to have a border with your newly acquired powerful alliance (i.e. Muscovy, Poland or Lithuania). Keep positive relations high with Muscovy as they have permanent claims on all of the Pontic Steppe area.
When you acquire enough favors with your allies, attack the Ottomans as soon as possible. You do not want to get trapped between your ally, the Ottomans and Persia. The Ottomans are likely to remain your biggest threat even in the late game given they desire your provinces still.