Advisor

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Advisors are located on the government interface

An advisor is a person with deep knowledge in a specific area that offers advice to a country's leader. Tasks such as conducting warfare, promoting scientific advancement and managing an economy are three examples of areas an advisor can offer aid.

Advisors can be managed in the Court panel of the Country interface. In EU4, there are 7 advisors for each of the three kinds of monarch power, so there are 21 advisor types in total. Each advisor provides a fixed bonus based on his type. For example, all Traders increase trade efficiency by 10%.

Advisors are further divided by their inherent skill level. Skill ranges from +1 to +5, each providing additional monarch points relative to their level (i.e. a level 2 diplomat provides +2 Diplomatic power.png per month). The cost of hiring and maintaining an advisor increases quadratically with the advisor's skill level. The advisor's skill level affects only the cost and the monarch power generated. The skill level does not affect the advisor type bonus (e.g. a level 1 and a level 3 Philosopher will output the same amount of Prestige.png prestige).

Advisors eventually die and must be replaced.

Advisor pool[edit]

A country can only have one active advisor of each type at a time; however, there are ways to increase the pool of options to choose from. In the 1444 start, each country starts with a pool of at least 3 advisor choices for each type. Countries with a total monthly income of less than Gold Icon.png50 ducats will not have access to level 3 advisors (except by event). Each country has access to at least one skill 2 advisor at start.

Gaining new advisors[edit]

New advisors will only arrive upon event or when a free slot is opened, either by increasing the advisor pool or a previous advisor dying. If the Common Sense.png Common Sense expansion is activated, the player may also spend the initial cost of hiring an advisor to remove them from court. New advisors will appear at the start of the month.

Notifications can be set to alert the player of the arrival of new advisors. Advisors begin to have a chance of dying once they are past age 40, and new advisors will always be at least age 30. The consequently low rate of replacement means it is typically not worth waiting for an ideal advisor. Picking idea groups that give extra advisor slots can improve the odds of having an advisor with the desired abilities.

If The Cossacks.png The Cossacks expansion is enabled, it is possible to recruit an advisor from an estate which has at least Estate influence 40 influence by using the appropriate interaction. These interactions have a cooldown of 30 years, and provide an advisor of a specific type with a 50% discount to their Advisor cost.png monthly cost (consequently, they will also be cheaper to hire). The advisor may be either level 2 or 3, depending on the player's Income.png income.

Female advisors[edit]

New advisors have a 2% chance of being female. This chance can be increased by the following:

Female advisor chance.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
+25%
  • Diplomatic-Plutocratic: Mandatory Service

Possible advisors.png Enlarging the advisor pool[edit]

This can be increased by the following:

Possible advisors.png Condition
+2 for being the curia controller.
+1 for being a lucky nation (AI only).
+1 for having a ruler with Possible advisors.png ‘Well Advised’ personality.
+1 for the Holy Roman Emperor.
+1 for being Reformed.png Reformed.
+1 for being Jewish.png Jewish.
+1 for being Mayan.png Mayan.
+1 with Catholicism Catholic, Mayan.png Mayan or Jewish.png Jewish as syncretic faith.
+1 for having the China bureaucrat.png Bureaucrat faction in power (Flag of Ming Ming with factions only).
+1 for all player countries if the difficulty is set to ‘very easy’.

Ideas and policies:

Possible advisors.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
+1
  • Chachapoyan traditions
  • Kuban traditions
  • Vijayanagar traditions
  • Administrative idea 6: Administrative Efficiency
  • Innovative idea 4: Dynamic Court
  • Ajuuraan idea 4: Muslim Migrations
  • Aymaran idea 2: Yatiri Healing
  • Candarid idea 4: Anatolian Center for Learning
  • Chimu idea 5: Artisan Relocations
  • Chinese idea 1: The Keju Examination
  • Client State idea 7: Foreign Advisors
  • East Frisian idea 4: Dutch Migrants
  • Krakowian idea 5: Jewish Communities
  • Manx idea 3: Tynwald High Court
  • Offaly idea 2: Irish Hospitality
  • Pskovian idea 1: Veche of Pskov
  • Shawnee idea 5: Autonomous Clans
  • Shiba idea 6: Rein in the Shiba Retainers
  • Tyrconnell idea 6: Land of Exiles
  • West African idea 1: Griot Tradition
  • Württemberger idea 1: Estates of Württemberg

Decisions and events:

Possible advisors.png Event modifier Trigger Duration
+1 Terakoya Japanese event: “Terakoya
Option: ‘Establish Terakoya in all of $COUNTRY$’
until ruler changes.
+1 Good Advice Administrative ideas event: “Good Advice for 10 years.
+3 Golden age of Timbuktu Songhain event: “Golden Age in Timbuktu until ruler changes.
+1 Attracting the right people Bahmani event: “Attracting the right people
Option: ‘Let us double our efforts.’
for 10 years.
+1 Dhimmi Administrators Dhimmi event: “Administrators from the $ESTATE_DHIMMI$.
Option: ‘Let's put these learned men to good use.’
for 15 years.
+1 Elaborate Court Life Nobility event: “The Levee
Option: ‘An elaborate and lengthy ceremony for the most influential.’
for 25 years.

Cost[edit]

Modifiers affecting advisor salaries can be seen in the Economy panel.

An Advisor cost.png advisor's cost depends on their skill, the current year, and other modifiers (if any). Hiring costs depend on their age, while monthly costs do not. Historical advisors receive a discount to employ.

Active modifiers can be seen by hovering over "Advisors" in the "Expenses" column of the Economy panel. These values show multiple decimals points (see picture for example).

Monthly cost[edit]

The monthly cost of an advisor is calculated from a base amount, which is the square of their skill level (1, 4, 9, 16 or 25). This base cost increases over time by 0.5% of the original base cost every year. Thus by 1644 (200 years), the base costs of 1, 4, and 9 will double to 2, 8, and 18. By the end of game time (1821, 377 years), they will be 2.88 times (base + 188.5% base) the starting value. Any additional increases from modifiers are calculated from this new base cost.

Hiring cost[edit]

The one-time hiring cost is a simple multiple of the monthly salary. The advisor's skill level only enters into the hiring cost inasmuch as his skill level has already helped determine his salary.

As hiring costs are multiples of the monthly cost, they also increase over the years.

The value of the multiplier depends solely on the advisor's age, ranging from a high of 16 at age 30 (the youngest age possible) down to 10 at age 60. (The oldest advisors available in the pool are rarely more than their high 50s.) It is strictly linear, dropping 0.2 per year (a.k.a., a whole point every five years). The advisor's age is used "as is"; there are no hidden fractions for being, e.g., "50 and a half".

For more regarding age, see the section on Longevity (below).

Example[edit]

For a 50 year old Skill 2 advisor (base 4 per month) in the year 1544, with inflation of 10%:

Factors modifying advisor cost[edit]

Note that these modifiers are applied after applying the change in base cost due to the current year.

  • Inflation reduction.png Inflation: +variable%
  • Bankruptcy: +100%
  • Meritocracy.png Meritocracy: scaling from +25% at 0 Meritocracy to −25% at 100 Meritocracy
  • Confucianism Confucian harmonized with Theravada.png Theravada: −5%
  • Tea.png Trading in Tea: −10%
  • Tengri Tengri with Shiite Islam Shia, Ibadi Islam Ibadi, Jewish.png Jewish or Reformed.png Reformed as syncretic faith: −10%
  • Theravada.png Theravada: −10%
  • FetishistFetishist with Cult Haymanot.png Haymanot cult: −10%
  • Ruler with Advisor cost.png‘Well Connected’ personality: −20%
  • Being Curia controller: −20%
  • Ceremonial fire pit Native building: −50%
  • Advisors with ruler's culture when having Mamluk Government: −25%
  • Various events: −variable%

Advisors created by an effect often come at a discount, but only for that specific advisor:

  • From estate interactions:
    • −50% with estate influence above 80
    • −25% with estate influence above 60 but below 80
  • Parliament issue “Appoint a new Prime Minister”: −75%
  • Events: −50%


Advisor cost.png Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
−25%
  • Full Innovativeness
−15%
  • Pueblo traditions
  • Smolenskian traditions
  • Ashikaga idea 5: Bugyoshu and Hokoshu
  • Offaly idea 2: Irish Hospitality
  • Semien idea 6: Lost Tribe of Beta Israel
  • Sumatran idea 4: Center of Scholarship
  • Great Qing ambition
−10%
  • Bohemian traditions
  • Byzantine traditions
  • Cherokee traditions
  • Khmer traditions
  • National traditions
  • Saxon traditions
  • Espionage idea 1: Efficient Spies
  • Arakanese idea 6: Muslim Advisors
  • Ashanti idea 1: Elder Council
  • Candarid idea 4: Anatolian Center for Learning
  • Catalan idea 2: Consell de Cent
  • Deccani Sultanate idea 7: Joint Marathi-Habshi State
  • Greek idea 4: Greek Diaspora
  • Hatakeyama idea 4: Hatakeyama Retainers
  • Hindustani idea 2: Persianate Courtly Culture
  • Luzon idea 6: A Safe Haven
  • Malabari idea 2: Cultural Melting Pot
  • Ouchi idea 7: Retainer Factions
  • Palatinate idea 2: Heidelberg University
  • Permian idea 1: Capital of Prikamye
  • Russian idea 6: The Table of Ranks
  • Ryazan idea 7: Western Contacts
  • Somali idea 7: Arab and Persian Influx
  • Tirhuti idea 1: Scholars and Poets
  • Wallachian idea 4: Foreign Advisors
  • Tibetan ambition
  • Influence-Innovative: Foreign Advisors
  • Innovative-Diplomatic: The Diplomatic Cooperation
  • Innovative-Plutocratic: The Education Act
Cost of advisors with ruler's culture Traditions Ideas Bonuses Policies
−25%
  • Utrecht idea 6: Cultural Resilience
−20%
  • Ava idea 4: Patronize Burmese Literature
  • Irish idea 2: The Clanns
  • Kitabatake idea 5: Men of Quality
  • Moroccan idea 1: Powerful Viziers
  • Shirvani idea 4: Persianate Patronage
−15%
  • Hojo idea 7: Council in Odawara

Promote advisor[edit]

It is possible at any point to promote the rank of an advisor once they are hired, provided they are of an Max promoted cultures.png accepted culture, to a max rank of 5. This can be done for the cost of 60 times the advisor's monthly salary (the cost of a 5 year salary).

As advisor's monthly salary increases quadratically with rank; it is recommended to make sure the economy can sustain the cost before promoting the advisor. With this, an even higher emphasis is put on advisor age as they are less likely to die early and risk the loss of investment.

Types[edit]

The bonus and the allowed decisions are listed for each type of advisor.

Hiring a level 3 advisor enables the trigger of an advisor event.

With the Women in History DLC activated, any of the advisors can be generated as female. The chance is flat 2% across the board.[1] There are also some events that can add a female advisor to the pool. These advisors have a silver border around their portrait, as opposed to a golden one. The game allows advisors to be restricted to one gender, but the base game doesn't do this.

Administrative power.png Administrative[edit]

Administrative advisors help in situations that are regarded as domestic policy. Their job is to improve a nation internally: reforming the tax system and promoting cultural patronage are two examples.

Advisor Effects Decisions Requirements
Advisor Artist.png Artist Stability cost modifier.png Stability cost modifier: −10%
Advisor inquisitor.png Inquisitor Missionary strength.png Missionary strength: +2% 90% reduced spawn rate on province not following the owner religion
Advisor Master of Mint.png Master of Mint Inflation reduction.png Yearly inflation reduction: +0.10
Advisor Natural Scientist.png Natural Scientist Production efficiency.png Production efficiency: +10% Korea.pngFound Hall of Worthies
Advisor Philosopher.png Philosopher Prestige.png Yearly prestige: +1 Korea.pngFound Hall of Worthies
Advisor Theologian.png Theologian National unrest.png National unrest: −2
Advisor Treasurer.png Treasurer National tax modifier.png National tax modifier: +10%

Diplomatic power.png Diplomatic[edit]

Diplomatic advisors address matters related to the navy in general and foreign policy. Their job is to promote naval advancement as well as conducting foreign diplomacy: increasing a nation's trade competitiveness and improving diplomatic relations are two examples.

Advisor Effects Decisions Requirements
Advisor Colonial governor.pngColonial governor Global tariffs.png Tariffs: +10% The province owner:
  • has at least 1 Colonists.png colonist.
  • is not a Subject colony icon.png colonial nation.
Advisor Diplomat.pngDiplomat Improve relations.png Improve relations: +20%
Advisor Naval reformer.png Naval reformer Morale of navies.png Morale of navies: +10% The province has a port.
Advisor Navigator.png Navigator Colonial range.png Colonial range: +20% The province owner:
  • has at least 1 Colonists.png colonist.
Advisor Spymaster.png Spymaster Spy network construction.png Spy network construction: +25% Flag of Japan Hire Ninjas
Advisor Statesman.png Statesman Diplomatic reputation.png Diplomatic reputation: +1
Advisor Trader.pngTrader Trade efficiency.png Trade efficiency: +10%

Military power.png Military[edit]

A military advisor's sole function is to enhance a nation's military, offensively or defensively. Thus, their job involves improving a nation's army and overall defensiveness against foreign attackers: implementing logistical reforms and increasing resistance to sieges are two examples.

Advisor Effects Decisions
Advisor Army Organiser.png Army Organizer Land force limit modifier.png Land force limit modifier: +10%
Advisor Army Reformer.png Army Reformer Morale of armies.png Morale of armies: +10%
Advisor Commandant.png Commandant Discipline.png Discipline: +5%
Advisor Grand Captain.png Grand Captain Land maintenance modifier.png Land maintenance modifier: −10%
Advisor Master recruiter.png Master Recruiter National manpower modifier.png National manpower modifier: +10%
Advisor Military Engineer.png Military Engineer Fort defense.png Fort defense: +20%
Advisor Quartermaster.png Quartermaster Reinforce speed.png Reinforce speed: +33%

Longevity[edit]

EU4 Advisor Life Expectancy

Once an advisor is hired, their tooltip will display their percentage death risk, which depends on their age.

For every year over 40, advisors gain 2/3rds of a percent (0.67%) chance of death, or an increase of 2% for every 3 years of age after 40. At age 55, the yearly death risk will be 10%. At age 100, it will be 40%. The percentage is rounded down in the tooltip, but probably not in calculations. This means that at age 41, an advisor's yearly death risk will be 0.67%, but will show as 0% in the tooltip.

The cumulative effects of this are severe (inset at left). By a median age of 53.7, only half of advisors will be alive. By 65, only 1 in 10 will remain. Only 1 in 100 will make it to 75. (This is the overall mortality curve; if an advisor has already survived to 50, their curve is different.)

Advisor portraits[edit]

Advisor portraits locations

Here are the portraits of all advisors the player can hire. DLC is required for all of these except the generic and Asian male portraits. All female portraits requires the activation of Women in History free DLC. Advisor portraits are tied to the culture of the advisor.

Advisor portraits by province
Generic
Russian
Cossack
African
Muslim
Persian
Indian
Asian
North American
Mesoamerican
South American
Table with all available advisor portraits
Type Advisor Generic Russian Cossack African Muslim Persian Indian Asian North American Meso- american South American
Military power.png Army Organiser Advisor Army Organiser.png Advisor Army organiser female.PNG Russian army organiser.png Russian army organiser female.png Advisor Cossack Army Organizer.png Advisor Cossack Army Organizer Female.png Advisor African Army Organiser.png Advisor African Army Organiser Female.png Advisor Muslim Army Organizer.png Advisor Muslim Army Organizer Female.png Advisor Persian Army Organizer.png Advisor Persian Army Organizer Female.png Indian Advisor Army Organiser.png Indian Advisor Army Organiser Female.png Asian army organiser.png Asian army organiser female.png Advisor Northamerica Army Organizer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Army Organizer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Army Organizer.png Advisor Southamerica Army Organiser Female.png
Military power.png Army Reformer Advisor Army Reformer.png Advisor Army reformer female.PNG Russian army reformer.png Russian army reformer female.png Advisor Cossack Army Reformer.png Advisor Cossack Army Reformer Female.png Advisor African Army Reformer.png Advisor African Army Reformer Female.png Advisor Muslim Army Reformer.png Advisor Muslim Army Reformer Female.png Advisor Persian Army Reformer.png Advisor Persian Army Reformer Female.png Indian Advisor Army Reformer.png Indian Advisor Army Reformer Female.png Asian army reformer.png Asian army reformer female.png Advisor Northamerica Army Reformer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Army Reformer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Army Reformer.png Advisor Southamerica Army Reformer Female.png
Administrative power.png Artist Advisor Artist.png Advisor Artist female.PNG Russian artist.png Russian artist female.png Advisor Cossack Artist.png Advisor Cossack Artist Female.png Advisor African Artist.png Advisor African Artist Female.png Advisor Muslim Artist.png Advisor Muslim Artist Female.png Advisor Persian Artist.png Advisor Persian Artist Female.png Indian Advisor Artist.png Indian Advisor Artist Female.png Asian artist.png Asian artist female.png Advisor Northamerica Artist.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Artist.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Artist.png Advisor Southamerica Artist Female.png
Diplomatic power.png Colonial Governor Advisor Colonial governor.png Advisor Colonial governor female.PNG Russian colonial governor.png Russian colonial governor female.png Advisor Cossack Colonial Governor.png Advisor Cossack Colonial Governor Female.png Advisor African Colonial Governor.png Advisor African Colonial Governor Female.png Advisor Muslim Colonial Governor.png Advisor Muslim Colonial Governor Female.png Advisor Persian Colonial Governor.png Advisor Persian Colonial Governor Female.png Indian Advisor Colonial Governor.png Indian Advisor Colonial Governor Female.png Asian colonial governor.png Asian colonial governor female.png Advisor Northamerica Colonial Governor.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Colonial Governor.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Colonial Governor.png Advisor Southamerica Colonial Governor Female.png
Military power.png Commandant Advisor Commandant.png Advisor Commandant female.PNG Russian commandant.png Russian commandant female.png Advisor Cossack Commandant.png Advisor Cossack Commandant Female.png Advisor African Commandant.png Advisor African Commandant Female.png Advisor Muslim Commandant.png Advisor Muslim Commandant Female.png Advisor Persian Commandant.png Advisor Persian Commandant Female.png Indian Advisor Commandant.png Indian Advisor Commandant Female.png Asian commandant.png Asian commandant female.png Advisor Northamerica Commandant.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Commandant.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Commandant.png Advisor Southamerica Commandant Female.png
Diplomatic power.png Diplomat Advisor Diplomat.png Advisor Diplomat female.PNG Russian diplomat.png Russian diplomat female.png Advisor Cossack Diplomat.pngAdvisor Cossack Diplomat Female.png Advisor African Diplomat.png Advisor African Diplomat Female.png Advisor Muslim Diplomat.png Advisor Muslim Diplomat Female.png Advisor Persian Diplomat.png Advisor Persian Diplomat Female.png Indian Advisor Diplomat.png Indian Advisor Diplomat Female.png Asian diplomat.png Asian diplomat female.png Advisor Northamerica Diplomat.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Diplomat.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Diplomat.png Advisor Southamerica Diplomat Female.png
Military power.png Fortification Expert Advisor Military Engineer.png Advisor Fortification expert female.PNG Russian fortification expert.png Russian fortification expert female.png Advisor Cossack Fortification Expert.png Advisor Cossack Fortification Expert Female.png Advisor African Fortification Expert.png Advisor African Fortification Expert Female.png Advisor Muslim Fortification Expert.png Advisor Muslim Fortification Expert Female.png Advisor Persian Fortification Expert.png Advisor Persian Fortification Expert Female.png Indian Advisor Military Engineer.png Indian Advisor Military Engineer Female.png Asian fortification expert.png Asian fortification expert female.png Advisor Northamerica Fortification Expert.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Fortification Expert.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Fortification Expert.png Advisor Southamerica Fortification Expert Female.png
Military power.png Grand Captain Advisor Grand Captain.png Advisor Grand captain female.PNG Russian grand captain.png Russian grand captain female.png Advisor Cossack Grand Captain.png Advisor Cossack Grand Captain Female.png Advisor African Grand Captain.png Advisor African Grand Captain Female.png Advisor Muslim Grand Captain.png Advisor Muslim Grand Captain Female.png Advisor Persian Grand Captain.png Advisor Persian Grand Captain Female.png Indian Advisor Grand Captain.png Indian Advisor Grand Captain Female.png Asian grand captain.png Asian grand captain female.png Advisor Northamerica Grand Captain.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Grand Captain.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Grand Captain.png Advisor Southamerica Grand Captain Female.png
Administrative power.png Inquisitor Advisor inquisitor.png Advisor Inquisitor female.PNG Russian inquisitor.png Russian inquisitor female.png Advisor Cossack Inquisitor.png Advisor Cossack Inquisitor Female.png Advisor African Inquisitor.png Advisor African Inquisitor Female.png Advisor Muslim Inquisitor.png Advisor Muslim Inquisitor Female.png Advisor Persian Inquisitor.png Advisor Persian Inquisitor Female.png Indian Advisor Inquisitor.png Indian Advisor Inquisitor Female.png Asian inquisitor.png Asian inquisitor female.png Advisor Northamerica Inquisitor.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Inquisitor.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Inquisitor.png Advisor Southamerica Inquisitor Female.png
Administrative power.png Master of Mint Advisor Master of Mint.png Advisor Master of mint female.PNG Russian master of mint.png Russian master of mint female.png Advisor Cossack Master of Mint.png Advisor Cossack Master of Mint Female.png Advisor African Master of Mint.png Advisor African Master of Mint Female.png Advisor Muslim Matser Of Mint.png Advisor Muslim Master Of Mint Female.png Advisor Persian Master Of Mint.png Advisor Persian Master Of Mint Female.png Indian Advisor Master Of Mint.png Indian Advisor Master Of Mint Female.png Asian master of mint.png Asian master of mint female.png Advisor Northamerica Master Of Mint.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Master Of Mint.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Master Of Mint.png Advisor Southamerica Master of Mint Female.png
Military power.png Master Recruiter Advisor Master recruiter.png Advisor Recruitmaster female.PNG Russian recruitmaster.png Russian recruitmaster female.png Advisor Cossack Recruitmaster.png Advisor Cossack Recruitmaster Female.png Advisor African Recruitmaster.png Advisor African Recruitmaster Female.png Advisor Muslim Recruitmaster.png Advisor Muslim Recruitmaster Female.png Advisor Persian Recruitmaster.png Advisor Persian Recruitmaster Female.png Indian Advisor Master Recruiter.png Indian Advisor Master Recruiter Female.png Asian recruitmaster.png Asian recruitmaster female.png Advisor Northamerica Recruitmaster.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Recruitmaster.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Recruitmaster.png Advisor Southamerica Recruitmaster Female.png
Administrative power.png Natural Scientist Advisor Natural Scientist.png Advisor Natural scientist female.PNG Russian natural scientist.png Russian natural scientist female.png Advisor Cossack Natural Scientist.png Advisor Cossack Natural Scientist Female.png Advisor African Natural Scientist.png Advisor African Natural Scientist Female.png Advisor Muslim Natural Scientist.png Advisor Muslim Natural Scientist Female.png Advisor Persian Natural Scientist.png Advisor Persian Natural Scientist Female.png Indian Advisor Natural Scientist.png Indian Advisor Natural Scientist Female.png Asian natural scientist.png Asian natural scientist female.png Advisor Northamerica Natural Scientist.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Natural Scientist.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Natural Scientist.png Advisor Southamerica Natural Scientist Female.png
Diplomatic power.png Naval Reformer Advisor Naval reformer.png Advisor Naval reformer female.PNG Russian naval reformer.png Russian naval reformer female.png Advisor Cossack Naval Reformer.png Advisor Cossack Naval Reformer Female.png Advisor African Naval Reformer.png Advisor African Naval Reformer Female.png Advisor Muslim Naval Reformer.png Advisor Muslim Naval Reformer Female.png Advisor Persian Naval Reformer.png Advisor Persian Naval Reformer Female.png Indian Advisor Naval Reformer.png Indian Advisor Naval Reformer Female.png Asian naval reformer.png Asian naval reformer female.png Advisor Northamerica Naval Reformer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Naval Reformer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Naval Reformer.png Advisor Southamerica Naval Reformer Female.png
Diplomatic power.png Navigator Advisor Navigator.png Advisor Navigator female.PNG Russian navigator.png Russian navigator female.png Advisor Cossack Navigator.png Advisor Cossack Navigator Female.png Advisor African Navigator.png Advisor African Navigator Female.png Advisor Muslim Navigator.png Advisor Muslim Navigator Female.png Advisor Persian Navigator.png Advisor Persian Navigator Female.png Indian Advisor Navigator.png Indian Advisor Navigator Female.png Asian navigator.png Asian navigator female.png Advisor Northamerica Navigator.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Navigator.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Navigator.png Advisor Southamerica Navigator Female.png
Administrative power.png Philosopher Advisor Philosopher.png Advisor Philosopher female.PNG Russian philosopher.png Russian philosopher female.png Advisor Cossack Philosopher.png Advisor Cossack Philosopher Female.png Advisor African Philosopher.png Advisor African Philosopher Female.png Advisor Muslim Philosopher.png Advisor Muslim Philosopher Female.png Advisor Persian Philosopher.png Advisor Persian Philosopher Female.png Indian Advisor Philosopher.png Indian Advisor Philosopher Female.png Asian philosopher.png Asian philosopher female.png Advisor Northamerica Philosopher.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Philosopher.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Philosopher.png Advisor Southamerica Philisopher Female.png
Military power.png Quartermaster Advisor Quartermaster.png Advisor Quartermaster female.PNG Russian quartermaster.png Russian quartermaster female.png Advisor Cossack Quartermaster.png Advisor Cossack Quartermaster Female.png Advisor African Quartermaster.png Advisor African Quartermaster Female.png Advisor Muslim Quartermaster.png Advisor Muslim Quartermaster Female.png Advisor Persian Quartermaster.png Advisor Persian Quartermaster Female.png Indian Advisor Quartermaster.png Indian Advisor Quartermaster Female.png Asian quartermaster.png Asian quartermaster female.png Advisor Northamerica Quartermaster.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Quartermaster.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Quartermaster.png Advisor Southamerica Quartermaster Female.png
Diplomatic power.png Spymaster Advisor Spymaster.png Advisor Spymaster female.PNG Russian spymaster.png Russian spymaster female.png Advisor Cossack Spymaster.png Advisor Cossack Spymaster Female.png Advisor African Spymaster.png Advisor African Spymaster Female.png Advisor Muslim Spymaster.png Advisor Muslim Spymaster Female.png Advisor Persian Spymaster.png Advisor Persian Spymaster Female.png Indian Advisor Spymaster.png Indian Advisor Spymaster Female.png Asian spymaster.png Asian spymaster female.png Advisor Northamerica Spymaster.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Spymaster.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Spymaster.png Advisor Southamerica Spymaster Female.png
Diplomatic power.png Statesman Advisor Statesman.png Advisor Statesman female.PNG Russian statesman.png Russian statesman female.png Advisor Cossack Stateman.png Advisor Cossack Stateman Female.png Advisor African Statesman.png Advisor African Statesman Female.png Advisor Muslim Statesman.png Advisor Muslim Statesman Female.png Advisor Persian Statesman.png Advisor Persian Statesman Female.png Indian Advisor Statesman.png Indian Advisor Statesman Female.png Asian statesman.png Asian statesman female.png Advisor Northamerica Statesman.pngNo Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Statesman.pngNo Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Statesman.png Advisor Southamerica Statesman Female.png
Administrative power.png Theologian Advisor Theologian.png Advisor Theologian female.PNG Russian theologian.png Russian theologian female.png Advisor Cossack Theologian.png Advisor Cossack Theologian Female.png Advisor African Theologian.png Advisor African Theologian Female.png Advisor Muslim Theologian.png Advisor Muslim Theologian Female.png Advisor Persian Theologian.png Advisor Persian Theologian Female.png Indian Advisor Theologian.png Indian Advisor Theologian Female.png Asian theologian.png Asian theologian female.png Advisor Northamerica Theologian.pngNo Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Theologian.pngNo Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Theologian.png Advisor Southamerica Theologican Female.png
Diplomatic power.png Trader Advisor Trader.png Advisor Trader female.PNG Russian trader.png Russian trader female.png Advisor Cossack Trader.png Advisor Cossack Trader Female.png Advisor African Trader.png Advisor African Trader Female.png Advisor Muslim Trader.png Advisor Muslim Trader Female.png Advisor Persian Trader.png Advisor Persian Trader Female.png Indian Advisor Trader.png Indian Advisor Trader Female.png Asian trader.png Asian trader female.png Advisor Northamerica Trader.pngNo Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Trader.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Trader.png Advisor Southamerica Trader Female.png
Administrative power.png Treasurer Advisor Treasurer.png Advisor Treasurer female.PNG Russian treasurer.png Russian treasurer female.png Advisor Cossack Treasurer.png Advisor Cossack Treasurer Female.png Advisor African Treasurer.png Advisor African Treasurer Female.png Advisor Muslim Treasurer.png Advisor Muslim Treasurer Female.png Advisor Persian Treasurer.png Advisor Persian Treasurer Female.png Indian Advisor Treasurer.png Indian Advisor Treasurer Female.png Asian treasurer.png Asian treasurer female.png Advisor Northamerica Treasurer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Mesoamerica Treasurer.png No Advisor Type Female.png Advisor Southamertica Treasurer.png Advisor Southamerica Treasurer Female.png

Strategy[edit]

When not to use advisors[edit]

Advisors are powerful, but costly in ducats. In this regard, hiring and maintaining advisors is a trade-off: ducats spent on advisors cannot be stockpiled, or spent on army or navy.

In certain circumstances, it may be strategically beneficial to leave some advisor slots vacant, or even to have no advisors at all for a period of time.

Such circumstances include:

  • Playing as a small country with a weak economy at game start. For some countries, even a single +1 advisor can be very expensive in relative terms at the start of the game. Military conquest can be helpful in expanding the economy (and thereby affording advisors in future), but the army must be paid.
  • Engaging in costly wars. Army maintenance and reinforcement are both costly. It can sometimes be decisively advantageous to hire some mercenaries, or to hire additional regiments beyond the forcelimit. Spending too heavily on advisors at the same time may drive the country into debt.
  • Paying off a heavy loan debt. If loans are being paid off too slowly, inflation will repeatedly climb as the loans are extended. This situation may be improved by firing some existing advisors, or by not replacing advisors after they die, until the loans have been repaid.

Longevity vs hiring cost[edit]

EU4 Advisor Life Expectancy

Since the hiring cost decreases with age, and advisors have a calculable life span, it is possible to calculate the ideal age to hire an advisor.

It's simple for ages 30 to 40, where the hiring-cost multiplier changes, but the advisors do not die. As mentioned, the median life expectancy of an advisor is 53.7 years. So if an advisor is hired at age 30, they have an expected useful life of ~24 years (until they're 53.7), at a hiring-cost multiple of 16. This provides 1.5 years of useful life expectancy per hiring multiple (24/16). If an advisor is hired at age 40 (hiring multiple 14), they have 14 years of expected life, or 1.0 years per multiple (14/14). Clearly, the 30 year old advisor is the better bargain.

At ages over 40, the mortality curve begins to change; their median life expectancy (expected age of death) increases as their actual age of hiring increases. (An advisor who is already 55 is obviously no longer expected to die at 53.7.) While the Useful Years in the graph was a straight line between ages 30 and 40 (because there is no mortality there), it becomes a curve at 40. Thus, the useful life expectancy drops faster than the hiring-cost multiplier, which means that younger advisors are better. By 50 one has reached 0.59 years per multiplier, and by 60, it is 0.42.

Still, while 30 years may be the best relative bargain, the hiring multiplier only has a range of 10 to 16, which is to say, there's only half a year's salary involved in any case. There will likely not be a significant impact on the player's income, unless they are very low on it. The effects of the advisor's special bonus are generally more significant.

References[edit]

  1. From /Europa Universalis IV/common/defines.lua: FEMALE_ADVISOR_CHANCE = 2, -- If Women in History is enabled, chance of an advisor spawning as female
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